Usbekistan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Usbekistan Usbekistan
Hauptstadt
name: Tashkent (Toshkent) geographic coordinates: 41 19 N, 69 15 E time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Uzbekistan dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
presidential republic; highly authoritarian
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$6,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
18,120,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.00
2017 est.
Labor force
18,120,000
Population below poverty line
14%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
5%(2017 est.)5.1%(2016 est.) note: official data; another 20% are underemployed
Age structure
0-14 years:23.61%(male 3,631,957 /female 3,457,274)15-24 years:17.85%(male 2,735,083 /female 2,623,511)25-54 years:44.95%(male 6,714,567 /female 6,781,485)55-64 years:8.15%(male 1,156,462 /female 1,289,703)65 years and over:5.44%(male 698,610 /female 935,057)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
16.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.40
Languages
Uzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1% note: in the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic, both the Karakalpak language and Uzbek have official status  
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
74.30
Major urban areas - population
2.464 million TASHKENT (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:29.1 yearsmale:28.5 yearsfemale:29.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.4 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the population is concentrated in the fertile Fergana Valley in the easternmost arm of the country; the south has significant clusters of people, while the central and western deserts are sparsely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.91%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.75 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
6.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 12 years (2017)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
NA
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
9.00
2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
9.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$11,480,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$11,480,000,000
Exports - partners
Switzerland 38.7%, China 15.5%, Russia 10.7%, Turkey 8.6%, Kazakhstan 7.7%, Afghanistan 4.7% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:447,400 sq kmland:425,400 sq kmwater:22,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:62.6%(2011 est.)arable land:10.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:51.7%(2011 est.)forest:7.7%(2011 est.)other:29.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan
Country Comparison :: Imports
$11,420,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$11,420,000,000
Imports - partners
China 23.7%, Russia 22.5%, Kazakhstan 10.7%, South Korea 9.8%, Turkey 5.8%, Germany 5.6% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
12.50
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
12.50
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
55,550,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
49,070,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
13,000,000,000
2014 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
10,840,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
46,070
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
27,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
420
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
52,100,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
9,401,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,444,330
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
24,265,460
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
13,791,083
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,320,210
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
53
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
4,642
2018
Country Comparison :: Roadways
86,496
2000
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,100
2012
Airports
53
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,320,210(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:11(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
27,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
420 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
46,070 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
49,070,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
13,000,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
10,840,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
55,550,000,000
Internet users
total: 13,791,083 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
9,401,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
52.1 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:4,642 km(2018)broad gauge:4,642 km1.520-m gauge (1,684 km electrified)(2018)
Roadways   (km)
86,496
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,444,330(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
24,265,460
Waterways   (km)
1,100
Disputes - international
prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan created water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states; field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2004; border delimitation of 130 km of border with Kyrgyzstan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas
Country Comparison :: Public debt
24.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
24.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
5.30
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
32.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
0.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$223,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
4.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Usbekistan
687 189 000 EUR
875 992 000 EUR
27.47 %
Bekleidung
Usbekistan
2 471 000 EUR
2 555 000 EUR
3.40 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
32 795 000 EUR
43 758 000 EUR
33.43 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Usbekistan
38 825 000 EUR
58 197 000 EUR
49.90 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Usbekistan
26 141 000 EUR
33 997 000 EUR
30.05 %
Energieversorgung
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Usbekistan
0 EUR
7 000 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Usbekistan
22 114 000 EUR
20 876 000 EUR
-5.60 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Usbekistan
2 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
9 000 EUR
9 000 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Usbekistan
937 000 EUR
1 650 000 EUR
76.09 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Usbekistan
10 466 000 EUR
17 702 000 EUR
69.14 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Usbekistan
15 001 000 EUR
20 351 000 EUR
35.66 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Usbekistan
1 222 000 EUR
741 000 EUR
-39.36 %
Kohle
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
5 643 000 EUR
9 889 000 EUR
75.24 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Usbekistan
57 338 000 EUR
70 644 000 EUR
23.21 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Usbekistan
588 000 EUR
571 000 EUR
-2.89 %
Maschinen
Usbekistan
316 931 000 EUR
319 941 000 EUR
0.95 %
Metalle
Usbekistan
4 207 000 EUR
4 532 000 EUR
7.73 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
12 294 000 EUR
11 054 000 EUR
-10.09 %
Möbel
Usbekistan
269 000 EUR
849 000 EUR
215.61 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Usbekistan
8 639 000 EUR
15 576 000 EUR
80.30 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Usbekistan
2 153 000 EUR
2 736 000 EUR
27.08 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
43 827 000 EUR
56 259 000 EUR
28.37 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Usbekistan
58 726 000 EUR
144 430 000 EUR
145.94 %
Sonstige Waren
Usbekistan
24 494 000 EUR
35 896 000 EUR
46.55 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
144 000 EUR
157 000 EUR
9.03 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
125 000 EUR
211 000 EUR
68.80 %
Textilien
Usbekistan
1 828 000 EUR
3 404 000 EUR
86.21 %