Venezuela - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Venezuela Venezuela
Hauptstadt
name: Caracas geographic coordinates: 10 29 N, 66 52 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years; reduced to five years in the case of applicants from Spain, Portugal, Italy, or a Latin American or Caribbean country
Government type
federal presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on the Spanish civil code
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
14.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
14,210,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
27.10
2017 est.
Labor force
14,210,000
Population below poverty line
19.7%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
27.1%(2017 est.)20.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:14.6%male:NAfemale:NA(2015 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:27.04%(male 4,392,305 /female 4,176,518)15-24 years:16.82%(male 2,709,250 /female 2,621,681)25-54 years:40.65%(male 6,393,114 /female 6,487,570)55-64 years:8.11%(male 1,233,524 /female 1,336,963)65 years and over:7.38%(male 1,056,864 /female 1,281,387)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
18.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.30
Languages
Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
76.20
Major urban areas - population
2.935 million CARACAS (capital), 2.179 million Maracaibo, 1.734 million Valencia, 1.178 million Maracay, 1.189 million Barquisimeto (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:28.7 yearsmale:28 yearsfemale:29.4 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands along an eastern spur at the northern end of the Andes, an area that includes the capital of Caracas
Population growth rate   (%)
1.21%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.3 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
6.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: NA (2009)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$32,740,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$35,150,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$35.15 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$31.12 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$32,740,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
29.50
2015
Central bank discount rate   (%)
29.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$32,060,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$32,060,000,000
Exports - partners
US 34.8%, India 17.2%, China 16%, Netherlands Antilles 8.2%, Singapore 6.3%, Cuba 4.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:912,050 sq kmland:882,050 sq kmwater:30,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:24.5%(2011 est.)arable land:3.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:20.6%(2011 est.)forest:52.1%(2011 est.)other:23.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Country Comparison :: Imports
$11,000,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$11,000,000,000
Imports - partners
US 24.8%, China 14.2%, Mexico 9.5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1,087.50
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1,087.50
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
109,300,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
71,960,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,007,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,656,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
27,070,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
5,928,714
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
24,493,687
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
18,547,381
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,610,118
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
444
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
447
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
96,189
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
7,100
2011
Airports
444
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,610,118(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:8(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
1,656,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
2.007 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
71,960,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
109,300,000,000
Internet users
18,547,381
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
27.07 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:447 km(2014)standard gauge:447 km1.435-m gauge (41.4 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways   (km)
96,189
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:5,928,714(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:19(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
24,493,687
Waterways   (km)
7,100
Disputes - international
claims all of the area west of the Essequibo River in Guyana, preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; dispute with Colombia over maritime boundary and Venezuelan administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian organized illegal narcotics and paramilitary activities penetrate Venezuela's shared border region; US, France, and the Netherlands recognize Venezuela's granting full effect to Aves Island, thereby claiming a Venezuelan Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea; Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines protest Venezuela's full effect claim
Country Comparison :: Public debt
38.90
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
38.90
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
-14.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
12.10
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-46.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$381,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
-2.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Venezuela
127 787 000 EUR
51 972 000 EUR
-59.33 %
Bekleidung
Venezuela
646 000 EUR
726 000 EUR
12.38 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Venezuela
9 688 000 EUR
9 531 000 EUR
-1.62 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Venezuela
8 913 000 EUR
4 944 000 EUR
-44.53 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Venezuela
1 520 000 EUR
1 101 000 EUR
-27.57 %
Energieversorgung
Venezuela
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Venezuela
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Venezuela
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Venezuela
186 000 EUR
128 000 EUR
-31.18 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Venezuela
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Venezuela
9 000 EUR
23 000 EUR
155.56 %
Getränke
Venezuela
75 000 EUR
75 000 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Venezuela
675 000 EUR
3 811 000 EUR
464.59 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Venezuela
6 107 000 EUR
2 743 000 EUR
-55.08 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Venezuela
47 000 EUR
163 000 EUR
246.81 %
Kohle
Venezuela
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Venezuela
162 000 EUR
224 000 EUR
38.27 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Venezuela
2 706 000 EUR
1 447 000 EUR
-46.53 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Venezuela
94 000 EUR
88 000 EUR
-6.38 %
Maschinen
Venezuela
35 938 000 EUR
10 273 000 EUR
-71.41 %
Metalle
Venezuela
1 246 000 EUR
1 741 000 EUR
39.73 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Venezuela
3 412 000 EUR
2 263 000 EUR
-33.68 %
Möbel
Venezuela
340 000 EUR
396 000 EUR
16.47 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Venezuela
2 981 000 EUR
1 885 000 EUR
-36.77 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Venezuela
1 056 000 EUR
2 121 000 EUR
100.85 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Venezuela
8 104 000 EUR
4 670 000 EUR
-42.37 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Venezuela
5 471 000 EUR
83 000 EUR
-98.48 %
Sonstige Waren
Venezuela
37 748 000 EUR
2 886 000 EUR
-92.35 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Venezuela
24 000 EUR
9 000 EUR
-62.50 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Venezuela
0 EUR
3 000 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Venezuela
639 000 EUR
638 000 EUR
-0.16 %