Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (USA) - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
Hauptstadt
name: Washington, DC geographic coordinates: 38 53 N, 77 02 W time difference: UTC-5 (during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November note: the 50 United States cover six time zones
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: no, but the US government acknowledges such situtations exist; US citizens are not encouraged to seek dual citizenship since it limits protection by the US residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
constitutional federal republic
Legal system
common law system based on English common law at the federal level; state legal systems based on common law except Louisiana, which is based on Napoleonic civil code; judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$59,800
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
160,400,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.40
2017 est.
Labor force
160,400,000
Population below poverty line
15.1%(2010 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.4%(2017 est.)4.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:8.6%male:9.5%female:7.7%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:18.62%(male 31,329,121 /female 29,984,705)15-24 years:13.12%(male 22,119,340 /female 21,082,599)25-54 years:39.29%(male 64,858,646 /female 64,496,889)55-64 years:12.94%(male 20,578,432 /female 22,040,267)65 years and over:16.03%(male 23,489,515 /female 29,276,951)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
12.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
8.20
Languages
English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.) note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
80.10
Major urban areas - population
18.819 million New York-Newark, 12.458 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.864 million Chicago, 6.115 million Houston, 5.817 million Miami, 5.207 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:38.2 yearsmale:37 yearsfemale:39.5 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.4 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
3.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
large urban clusters are spread throughout the eastern half of the US (particularly the Great Lakes area, northeast, east, and southeast) and the western tier states; mountainous areas, principally the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian chain, deserts in the southwest, the dense boreal forests in the extreme north, and the central prarie states are less densely populated; Alaska's population is concentrated along its southern coast - with particular emphasis on the city of Anchorage - and Hawaii's is centered on the island of Oahu
Population growth rate   (%)
0.8%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.87 children born/woman(2017 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.95% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.00
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$4,080,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5,711,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5.711 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$5.352 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$4,080,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.50
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$1,553,000,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$1,553,000,000,000
Exports - partners
Canada 18.3%, Mexico 15.7%, China 8.4%, Japan 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:9,833,517 sq kmland:9,147,593 sq kmwater:685,924 sq km note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia, no overseas territories
Land use
agricultural land:44.5%(2011 est.)arable land:16.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:27.4%(2011 est.)forest:33.3%(2011 est.)other:22.2%(2011 est.)
Location
North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Country Comparison :: Imports
$2,361,000,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$2,361,000,000,000
Imports - partners
China 21.6%, Mexico 13.4%, Canada 12.8%, Japan 5.8%, Germany 5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
4,095,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
3,902,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
9,695,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
72,720,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
9,352,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,158,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
7,969,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
772,800,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
89,700,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
86,150,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
119,902,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
395,881,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
246,809,221
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
109,838,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
13,513
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
293,564
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
6,586,610
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
41,009
2012
Airports
13,513
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:109.838 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:34(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
1,158,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
7.969 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
9.352 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
3,902,000,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
9,695,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
72,720,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
4,095,000,000,000
Internet users
total: 246,809,221 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
89,700,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
86.15 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
772.8 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:293,564 km(2014)standard gauge:293,564.2 km1.435-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
6,586,610
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:119.902 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:37(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
395,881,000
Waterways   (km)
41,009
Disputes - international
the US has intensified domestic security measures and is collaborating closely with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, to monitor and control legal and illegal personnel, transport, and commodities across the international borders; abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing arrangements; 1990 Maritime Boundary Agreement in the Bering Sea still awaits Russian Duma ratification; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; The Bahamas and US have not been able to agree on a maritime boundary; US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased from Cuba and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease; Haiti claims US-administered Navassa Island; US has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other states; Marshall Islands claims Wake Island; Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island among the islands listed in its 2006 draft constitution
Country Comparison :: Public debt
78.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
78.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.20
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
18.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-3.4% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$19,490,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
113 340 572 000 EUR
118 659 272 000 EUR
4.69 %
Bekleidung
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
189 731 000 EUR
184 720 000 EUR
-2.64 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
7 351 156 000 EUR
7 638 637 000 EUR
3.91 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
10 525 000 000 EUR
11 399 529 000 EUR
8.31 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
6 918 479 000 EUR
7 520 179 000 EUR
8.70 %
Energieversorgung
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
20 000 EUR
12 000 EUR
-40.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
187 225 000 EUR
250 062 000 EUR
33.56 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
2 470 000 EUR
2 495 000 EUR
1.01 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
2 842 000 EUR
4 034 000 EUR
41.94 %
Getränke
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
352 303 000 EUR
388 337 000 EUR
10.23 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
1 111 884 000 EUR
1 126 158 000 EUR
1.28 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
2 695 894 000 EUR
2 731 714 000 EUR
1.33 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
504 700 000 EUR
520 482 000 EUR
3.13 %
Kohle
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
112 410 000 EUR
121 919 000 EUR
8.46 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
27 154 157 000 EUR
26 768 475 000 EUR
-1.42 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
316 547 000 EUR
333 839 000 EUR
5.46 %
Maschinen
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
20 276 815 000 EUR
21 339 002 000 EUR
5.24 %
Metalle
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
4 317 112 000 EUR
4 002 556 000 EUR
-7.29 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
3 240 667 000 EUR
3 224 158 000 EUR
-0.51 %
Möbel
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
412 869 000 EUR
465 548 000 EUR
12.76 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
1 351 741 000 EUR
1 368 555 000 EUR
1.24 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
793 277 000 EUR
802 658 000 EUR
1.18 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
13 911 675 000 EUR
14 514 388 000 EUR
4.33 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
6 237 709 000 EUR
8 064 898 000 EUR
29.29 %
Sonstige Waren
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
4 783 836 000 EUR
5 264 026 000 EUR
10.04 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
18 815 000 EUR
20 277 000 EUR
7.77 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
12 863 000 EUR
15 632 000 EUR
21.53 %
Textilien
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
558 375 000 EUR
586 982 000 EUR
5.12 %