Vietnam - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Vietnam Vietnam
Hauptstadt
name: Hanoi (Ha Noi) geographic coordinates: 21 02 N, 105 51 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Vietnam dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
communist state
Rechtsordnung
civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$6,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
54,800,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
2.20
2017 est.
Labor force
54,800,000
Population below poverty line
8%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
2.2%(2017 est.)2.3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:7.3%male:7.3%female:7.3%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:23.27%(male 11,876,141 /female 10,704,895)15-24 years:15.81%(male 7,967,981 /female 7,371,016)25-54 years:45.67%(male 22,378,768 /female 21,939,925)55-64 years:8.9%(male 4,014,622 /female 4,620,177)65 years and over:6.35%(male 2,404,304 /female 3,762,505)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
15.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.90
Languages
Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
73.90
Major urban areas - population
8.145 million Ho Chi Minh City, 1.444 million Da Nang, 1.219 million Hai Phong, 1.175 million Can Tho, 1.075 million Haiphong, 1.064 million HANOI (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:30.9 yearsmale:29.9 yearsfemale:32.1 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
though it has one of the highest population densities in the world, the population is not evenly dispersed; clustering is heaviest along the South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin, with the Mekong Delta (in the south) and the Red River Valley (in the north) having the largest concentrations of people
Population growth rate   (%)
0.9%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.79 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.98% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.70
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,500,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19,750,000,000
31 December 2015 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19.75 billion(31 December 2015 est.)$18.97 billion(31 December 2014 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.25
7 October 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
4.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$214,100,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$214,100,000,000
Exports - partners
US 20.1%, China 14.5%, Japan 8%, South Korea 6.8% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:331,210 sq kmland:310,070 sq kmwater:21,140 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:34.8%(2011 est.)arable land:20.6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:12.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:2.1%(2011 est.)forest:45%(2011 est.)other:20.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
Country Comparison :: Imports
$202,600,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$202,600,000,000
Imports - partners
China 25.8%, South Korea 20.5%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 4.9% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.50
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.50
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
158,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
143,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
713,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,733,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
271,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
324,600
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
8,098,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
4,526,077
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
120,016,181
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
49,741,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
11,269,936
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
45
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,600
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
195,468
2013
Country Comparison :: Waterways
47,130
2011
Airports
45
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:11,269,936(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
324,600
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
271,400 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
143,200,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
713,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
2,733,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
158,200,000,000
Internet users
49,741,000
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
8.098 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,600 km(2014)standard gauge:178 km1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge(2014)narrow gauge:2,169 km1.000-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
195,468
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:4,526,077(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
120,016,181
Waterways   (km)
47,130
Disputes - international
southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of Asian swine fever; Cambodia and Laos protest Vietnamese squatters and armed encroachments along border; Cambodia accuses Vietnam of a wide variety of illicit cross-border activities; progress on a joint development area with Cambodia is hampered by an unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands; an estimated 300,000 Vietnamese refugees reside in China; establishment of a maritime boundary with Cambodia is hampered by unresolved dispute over the sovereignty of offshore islands; the decade-long demarcation of the China-Vietnam land boundary was completed in 2009; China occupies the Paracel Islands also claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan; Brunei claims a maritime boundary extending beyond as far as a median with Vietnam, thus asserting an implicit claim to Lousia Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" eased tensions but differences between the parties negotiating the Code of Conduct continue; Vietnam continues to expand construction of facilities in the Spratly Islands; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Economic Exclusion Zone negotiations with Indonesia are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary; in May 2018, Russia’s RosneftVietnam unit started drilling at a block southeast of Vietnam which is within the area outlined by China’s nine-dash line and Beijing issued a warning
Country Comparison :: Public debt
58.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
58.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
29.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-6.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$648,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
8.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Vietnam
4 304 826 000 EUR
1 992 966 000 EUR
-53.70 %
Bekleidung
Vietnam
6 852 000 EUR
6 986 000 EUR
1.96 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
317 922 000 EUR
334 353 000 EUR
5.17 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Vietnam
269 701 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Vietnam
266 727 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Vietnam
2 547 000 EUR
1 596 000 EUR
-37.34 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Vietnam
8 733 000 EUR
6 533 000 EUR
-25.19 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Vietnam
21 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
-19.05 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
33 345 000 EUR
23 223 000 EUR
-30.36 %
Getränke
Vietnam
16 544 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Vietnam
25 794 000 EUR
23 113 000 EUR
-10.39 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Vietnam
72 373 000 EUR
54 688 000 EUR
-24.44 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Vietnam
17 253 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Vietnam
4 552 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Vietnam
232 083 000 EUR
212 196 000 EUR
-8.57 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Vietnam
10 343 000 EUR
8 908 000 EUR
-13.87 %
Maschinen
Vietnam
757 697 000 EUR
688 032 000 EUR
-9.19 %
Metalle
Vietnam
60 210 000 EUR
44 668 000 EUR
-25.81 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Vietnam
74 044 000 EUR
67 385 000 EUR
-8.99 %
Möbel
Vietnam
15 071 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Vietnam
127 367 000 EUR
130 374 000 EUR
2.36 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Vietnam
16 678 000 EUR
14 579 000 EUR
-12.59 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
220 849 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Vietnam
1 524 246 000 EUR
128 175 000 EUR
-91.59 %
Sonstige Waren
Vietnam
155 469 000 EUR
184 873 000 EUR
18.91 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Vietnam
1 097 000 EUR
1 242 000 EUR
13.22 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Vietnam
3 308 000 EUR
3 521 000 EUR
6.44 %
Textilien
Vietnam
64 000 000 EUR
58 504 000 EUR
-8.59 %