Zypern - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Zypern Zypern
Hauptstadt
name: Nicosia (Lefkosia/Lefkosa) geographic coordinates: 35 10 N, 33 22 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: a mispronunciation of the city's Greek name Lefkosia and its Turkish name Lefkosa, both of which mean "White City"; the Greek name may derive from the Greek phrase "leuke ousia" ("white estate")
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Cyprus dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
Regierungstyp
Republic of Cyprus - presidential republic; "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (self-declared) - parliamentary republic with enhanced presidency note: a separation of the two main ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified when a Greek military-junta-supported coup attempt prompted the Turkish military intervention in July 1974 that gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government on the island; on 15 November 1983, then Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTAS declared independence and the formation of the "TRNC,” which is recognized only by Turkey
Rechtsordnung
mixed legal system of English common law and civil law with European law supremacy
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
24.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$37,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
426,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.10
2017 est.
Labor force
426,600
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate   (%)
11.1%(2017 est.)13%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:24.7%male:27%female:22.9%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:15.64%(male 99,390 /female 94,053)15-24 years:13.25%(male 89,265 /female 74,607)25-54 years:47.11%(male 308,190 /female 274,632)55-64 years:11.62%(male 68,952 /female 74,842)65 years and over:12.38%(male 66,209 /female 86,948)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
11.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.80
Languages
Greek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filipino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.) note: data represent only the government-controlled area of Cyprus
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
79.00
Major urban areas - population
269,000 NICOSIA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:37.2 yearsmale:35.9 yearsfemale:38.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.8 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
8.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated in central Nicosia and in the major cities of the south: Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca
Population growth rate   (%)
1.27%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.47 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
6.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2015)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$232,500,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$222,900,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$222.9 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$175.3 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$232,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$2,805,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$2,805,000,000
Exports - partners
Libya 9.4%, Greece 7.7%, Norway 6.7%, UK 5.3%, Germany 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:9,251 sq km(of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)land:9,241 sq kmwater:10 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:13.4%(2011 est.)arable land:9.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:3.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.4%(2011 est.)forest:18.8%(2011 est.)other:67.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey; note - Cyprus views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both
Country Comparison :: Imports
$7,935,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$7,935,000,000
Imports - partners
Greece 19%, Italy 7.5%, China 7.4%, South Korea 7.3%, Germany 7%, Netherlands 5.1%, UK 5%, Israel 4.1% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.70
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.70
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
4,618,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
4,355,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
317,241
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
1,176,801
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
915,036
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
295,686
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
15
2013
Country Comparison :: Roadways
20,006
2011
Airports
15
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:295,686(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:24(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
4,355,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
4,618,000,000
Internet users
total: 915,036 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways   (km)
19,901
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:317,241(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:26(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
1,176,801
Disputes - international
hostilities in 1974 divided the island into two de facto autonomous entities, the internationally recognized Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cyprus); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has served in Cyprus since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; on 1 May 2004, Cyprus entered the EU still divided, with the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended in the north; Turkey protests Cypriot Government creating hydrocarbon blocks and maritime boundary with Lebanon in March 2007
Country Comparison :: Public debt
97.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
97.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
13.70
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
1.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$31,780,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
13.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Zypern
626 285 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Zypern
16 492 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Zypern
39 130 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Zypern
64 893 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Zypern
28 241 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Zypern
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Zypern
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Zypern
8 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Zypern
9 200 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Zypern
8 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Zypern
6 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Zypern
7 055 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Zypern
5 191 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Zypern
19 713 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Zypern
4 168 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Zypern
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Zypern
1 794 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Zypern
104 434 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Zypern
9 382 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Zypern
69 190 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Zypern
5 009 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Zypern
13 818 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Zypern
2 897 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Zypern
68 524 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Zypern
6 589 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Zypern
33 400 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Zypern
52 784 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Zypern
56 706 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Zypern
970 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Zypern
3 955 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Zypern
2 728 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %