Kanada - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Kanada Kanada
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Capital
name: Ottawa geographic coordinates: 45 25 N, 75 42 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November etymology: the city lies on the south bank of the Ottawa River, from which it derives its name; the river name comes from the Algonquin word "adawe" meaning "to trade" and refers to the indigenous peoples who used the river as a trade highwaynote: Canada has six time zones
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: minimum of 3 of last 5 years resident in Canada
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm; federal and state authorities and responsibilities regulated in constitution
Legal system
common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
11.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$48,400
Country Comparison :: Labor force
19,520,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.30
Labor force
19,520,000
Population below poverty line
9.4%(2008 est.) note: this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off, a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line
Unemployment rate
6.3%(2017 est.)7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:11.1%male:12.5%female:9.6%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:15.43%(male 2,839,236 /female 2,698,592)15-24 years:11.62%(male 2,145,626 /female 2,023,369)25-54 years:39.62%(male 7,215,261 /female 7,002,546)55-64 years:14.24%(male 2,538,820 /female 2,570,709)65 years and over:19.08%(male 3,055,560 /female 3,791,940)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.80
Languages
English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
82.00
Major urban areas - population
6.082 million Toronto, 4.172 million Montreal, 2.531 million Vancouver, 1.477 million Calgary, 1.397 million Edmonton, 1.363 million OTTAWA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:42.4 yearsmale:41.1 yearsfemale:43.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.1 years (2012 est.)
Net migration rate
5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia
Population growth rate
0.72%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,039,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1,371,000,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1.371 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$1.277 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$1,039,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.00
Central bank discount rate
1.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$423,500,000,000
Exports
$423,500,000,000
Exports - partners
US 76.4%, China 4.3% (2017)
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Area
total:9,984,670 sq kmland:9,093,507 sq kmwater:891,163 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:6.8%(2011 est.)arable land:4.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:1.6%(2011 est.)forest:34.1%(2011 est.)other:59.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$442,100,000,000
Imports
$442,100,000,000
Imports - partners
US 51.5%, China 12.6%, Mexico 6.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.60
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.60
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
649,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
522,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
73,350,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,682,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
3,977,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2,818,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
806,700
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
159,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
83,960,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
26,360,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
14,700,854
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
31,458,600
Country Comparison :: Internet users
31,770,034
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
13,922,504
Country Comparison :: Airports
1,467
Country Comparison :: Railways
77,932
Country Comparison :: Roadways
1,042,300
Country Comparison :: Waterways
636
Airports
1,467
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:13,922,504(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:39(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
2,818,000
Crude oil - imports
806,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
3.977 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
522,200,000,000
Electricity - exports
73,350,000,000
Electricity - imports
2,682,000,000
Electricity - production
649,600,000,000
Internet users
total: 31,770,034 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
83,960,000,000
Natural gas - imports
26.36 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
159.1 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:77,932 km(2014)standard gauge:77,932 km1.435-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
1,042,300
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:14,700,854(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:41(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
31,458,600
Waterways
636
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Disputes - international
managed maritime boundary disputes with the US at Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Maine, including the disputed Machias Seal Island and North Rock; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; US works closely with Canada to intensify security measures for monitoring and controlling legal and illegal movement of people, transport, and commodities across the international border; sovereignty dispute with Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; commencing the collection of technical evidence for submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in support of claims for continental shelf beyond 200 nm from its declared baselines in the Arctic, as stipulated in Article 76, paragraph 8, of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
89.70
Public debt
89.70
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,774,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
4.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kanada
9 333 411 000 EUR
10 021 992 000 EUR
7.38 %
Bekleidung
Kanada
42 695 000 EUR
40 546 000 EUR
-5.03 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kanada
475 610 000 EUR
560 362 000 EUR
17.82 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kanada
585 568 000 EUR
595 421 000 EUR
1.68 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kanada
532 501 000 EUR
532 786 000 EUR
0.05 %
Energieversorgung
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kanada
709 000 EUR
744 000 EUR
4.94 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kanada
14 758 000 EUR
20 126 000 EUR
36.37 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kanada
187 000 EUR
155 000 EUR
-17.11 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kanada
72 000 EUR
160 000 EUR
122.22 %
Getränke
Kanada
57 408 000 EUR
62 840 000 EUR
9.46 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kanada
86 832 000 EUR
120 918 000 EUR
39.26 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kanada
194 176 000 EUR
236 975 000 EUR
22.04 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kanada
61 898 000 EUR
86 015 000 EUR
38.96 %
Kohle
Kanada
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kanada
25 933 000 EUR
37 807 000 EUR
45.79 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kanada
1 772 730 000 EUR
2 239 425 000 EUR
26.33 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kanada
41 240 000 EUR
49 743 000 EUR
20.62 %
Maschinen
Kanada
1 567 460 000 EUR
1 740 056 000 EUR
11.01 %
Metalle
Kanada
564 566 000 EUR
612 749 000 EUR
8.53 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kanada
241 062 000 EUR
293 231 000 EUR
21.64 %
Möbel
Kanada
45 457 000 EUR
54 492 000 EUR
19.88 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kanada
235 975 000 EUR
282 473 000 EUR
19.70 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kanada
70 446 000 EUR
80 529 000 EUR
14.31 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kanada
1 224 480 000 EUR
1 265 859 000 EUR
3.38 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kanada
1 098 563 000 EUR
675 625 000 EUR
-38.50 %
Sonstige Waren
Kanada
343 575 000 EUR
375 491 000 EUR
9.29 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Kanada
1 707 000 EUR
1 747 000 EUR
2.34 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kanada
2 745 000 EUR
1 305 000 EUR
-52.46 %
Textilien
Kanada
45 058 000 EUR
54 412 000 EUR
20.76 %