Demokratische Republik Kongo - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Demokratische Republik Kongo Demokratische Republik Kongo
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Capital
name: Kinshasa geographic coordinates: 4 19 S, 15 18 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: founded as a trading post in 1881 and named Leopoldville in honor of King Leopold II of the Belgians, who controlled the Congo Free State, the vast central African territory that became the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1960; in 1966, Leopoldville was renamed Kinshasa, after a village of that name that once stood near the site note: the DRC has two time zones
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system primarily based on Belgian law, but also customary and tribal law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.7
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$800
Country Comparison :: Labor force
31,360,000
Labor force
31,360,000
Population below poverty line
63%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate
NA
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:8.7%male:11.3%female:6.8%(2012 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:41.25%(male 17,735,697 /female 17,446,866)15-24 years:21.46%(male 9,184,871 /female 9,117,462)25-54 years:30.96%(male 13,176,714 /female 13,225,429)55-64 years:3.63%(male 1,472,758 /female 1,625,637)65 years and over:2.69%(male 974,293 /female 1,321,297)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
32.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
9.40
Languages
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Life expectancy at birth
58.10
Major urban areas - population
13.171 million KINSHASA (capital), 2.305 million Mbuji-Mayi, 2.281 million Lubumbashi, 1.335 million Kananga, 1.167 million Kisangani, 973,000 Bukavu (2018)
Median age
total:18.8 yearsmale:18.6 yearsfemale:19 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.9 years (2013/14 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the boarder with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasha, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated
Population growth rate
2.33%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.54 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
1.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 9 years (2013)
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
20.00
Central bank discount rate
20.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$10,980,000,000
Exports
$10,980,000,000
Exports - partners
China 41.4%, Zambia 22.7%, South Korea 7.2%, Finland 6.2% (2017)
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Area
total:2,344,858 sq kmland:2,267,048 sq kmwater:77,810 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:11.4%(2011 est.)arable land:3.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:8%(2011 est.)forest:67.9%(2011 est.)other:20.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Africa, northeast of Angola
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$10,820,000,000
Imports
$10,820,000,000
Imports - partners
China 19.9%, South Africa 18%, Zambia 10.4%, Belgium 9.1%, India 4.3%, Tanzania 4.2% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
41.50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
41.50
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
9,046,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,430,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
422,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
20,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
19,160
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
20,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
35,270,156
Country Comparison :: Internet users
3,016,000
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
198
Country Comparison :: Railways
4,007
Country Comparison :: Roadways
152,373
Country Comparison :: Waterways
15,000
Airports
198
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,000(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
20,000
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
19,160 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
7,430,000,000
Electricity - exports
422,000,000
Electricity - imports
20,000,000
Electricity - production
9,046,000,000
Internet users
total: 3.016 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:4,007 km(2014)narrow gauge:3,882 km1.067-m gauge (858 km electrified)(2014) 125 1.000-m gauge
Roadways
152,373
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:NA(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:NA(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
35,270,156
Waterways
15,000
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Disputes - international
heads of the Great Lakes states and UN pledged in 2004 to abate tribal, rebel, and militia fighting in the region, including northeast Congo, where the UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), organized in 1999, maintains over 16,500 uniformed peacekeepers; members of Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army forces continue to seek refuge in Congo's Garamba National Park as peace talks with the Uganda Government evolve; the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area; Uganda and DRC dispute Rukwanzi Island in Lake Albert and other areas on the Semliki River with hydrocarbon potential; boundary commission continues discussions over Congolese-administered triangle of land on the right bank of the Lunkinda River claimed by Zambia near the DRC village of Pweto; DRC accuses Angola of shifting monuments
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
18.10
Public debt
18.10
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.40
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
11.50
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-0.9% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$68,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
1.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Demokratische Republik Kongo
100 187 000 EUR
102 540 000 EUR
2.35 %
Bekleidung
Demokratische Republik Kongo
1 933 000 EUR
2 008 000 EUR
3.88 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
9 709 000 EUR
11 668 000 EUR
20.18 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Demokratische Republik Kongo
6 942 000 EUR
5 335 000 EUR
-23.15 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Demokratische Republik Kongo
2 023 000 EUR
1 705 000 EUR
-15.72 %
Energieversorgung
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Demokratische Republik Kongo
9 951 000 EUR
5 217 000 EUR
-47.57 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Demokratische Republik Kongo
700 000 EUR
979 000 EUR
39.86 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Demokratische Republik Kongo
214 000 EUR
431 000 EUR
101.40 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
1 276 000 EUR
1 129 000 EUR
-11.52 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
11 000 EUR
20 000 EUR
81.82 %
Kohle
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
612 000 EUR
1 432 000 EUR
133.99 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Demokratische Republik Kongo
4 571 000 EUR
5 356 000 EUR
17.17 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
32 000 EUR
83 000 EUR
159.38 %
Maschinen
Demokratische Republik Kongo
17 921 000 EUR
20 070 000 EUR
11.99 %
Metalle
Demokratische Republik Kongo
883 000 EUR
836 000 EUR
-5.32 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
1 668 000 EUR
892 000 EUR
-46.52 %
Möbel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
191 000 EUR
104 000 EUR
-45.55 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Demokratische Republik Kongo
13 389 000 EUR
19 357 000 EUR
44.57 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Demokratische Republik Kongo
1 988 000 EUR
3 594 000 EUR
80.78 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
3 714 000 EUR
3 731 000 EUR
0.46 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Demokratische Republik Kongo
30 000 EUR
34 000 EUR
13.33 %
Sonstige Waren
Demokratische Republik Kongo
22 082 000 EUR
18 419 000 EUR
-16.59 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
22 000 EUR
48 000 EUR
118.18 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Demokratische Republik Kongo
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Demokratische Republik Kongo
325 000 EUR
92 000 EUR
-71.69 %