Finnland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Finnland Finnland
´
Capital
name: Helsinki geographic coordinates: 60 10 N, 24 56 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the name may derive from the Swedish "helsing," an archaic name for "neck" ("hals"), and which may refer to a narrowing of the Vantaa River that flows into the Gulf of Finland at Helsinki; "fors" refers to "rapids," so "helsing fors" meaning becomes "the narrows' rapids"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Finland dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 6 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system based on the Swedish model
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
´
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
20.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$44,500
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,473,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.50
Labor force
2,473,000
Unemployment rate
8.5%(2017 est.)8.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:20.1%male:20.9%female:19.3%(2017 est.)
´
Age structure
0-14 years:16.44%(male 465,298 /female 445,186)15-24 years:11.21%(male 317,500 /female 303,326)25-54 years:37.64%(male 1,064,751 /female 1,019,748)55-64 years:13.19%(male 359,434 /female 370,993)65 years and over:21.51%(male 519,775 /female 671,353)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
10.10
Languages
Finnish (official) 87.9%, Swedish (official) 5.2%, Russian 1.4%, other 5.5% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
81.10
Major urban areas - population
1.279 million HELSINKI (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:42.6 yearsmale:41 yearsfemale:44.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.8 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
2.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the vast majority of people are found in the south; the northern interior areas remain sparsely poplulated
Population growth rate
0.33%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.75 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
´
Education expenditures
7.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 20 years (2016)
´
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$135,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$185,600,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$185.6 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$116.7 billion(2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$135,200,000,000
´
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.25
Central bank discount rate
1.25
´
Country Comparison :: Exports
$67,730,000,000
Exports
$67,730,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 14.2%, Sweden 10.1%, US 7%, Netherlands 6.8%, China 5.7%, Russia 5.7%, UK 4.5% (2017)
´
Area
total:338,145 sq kmland:303,815 sq kmwater:34,330 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:7.5%(2011 est.)arable land:7.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.1%(2011 est.)forest:72.9%(2011 est.)other:19.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia
´
Country Comparison :: Imports
$65,260,000,000
Imports
$65,260,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 17.7%, Sweden 15.8%, Russia 13.1%, Netherlands 8.7% (2017)
´
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.80
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.80
´
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
66,540,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
82,790,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
3,159,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
22,110,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
236,700
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
4,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2,322,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
378,200
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
7,307,800
Country Comparison :: Internet users
4,822,132
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,709,400
Country Comparison :: Airports
148
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,926
Country Comparison :: Roadways
454,000
Country Comparison :: Waterways
8,000
Airports
148
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,709,400(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:31(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
236,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
82,790,000,000
Electricity - exports
3,159,000,000
Electricity - imports
22,110,000,000
Electricity - production
66,540,000,000
Internet users
total: 4,822,132 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
4,000,000
Natural gas - imports
2.322 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:5,926 km(2016)broad gauge:5,926 km1.524-m gauge (3,270 km electrified)(2016)
Roadways
454,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:378,200(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
7,307,800
Waterways
8,000
´
Disputes - international
various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia and other areas ceded to the former Soviet Union, but the Finnish Government asserts no territorial demands
´
Country Comparison :: Public debt
61.30
Public debt
61.30
´
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.80
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.30
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-0.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$244,900,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
6.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Finnland
10 146 295 000 EUR
11 973 435 000 EUR
18.01 %
Bekleidung
Finnland
154 964 000 EUR
159 857 000 EUR
3.16 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Finnland
866 368 000 EUR
1 077 097 000 EUR
24.32 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Finnland
1 011 106 000 EUR
1 149 389 000 EUR
13.68 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Finnland
728 732 000 EUR
961 558 000 EUR
31.95 %
Energieversorgung
Finnland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Finnland
0 EUR
79 000 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Finnland
159 000 EUR
1 233 000 EUR
675.47 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Finnland
131 514 000 EUR
131 287 000 EUR
-0.17 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Finnland
50 000 EUR
57 000 EUR
14.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Finnland
2 780 000 EUR
54 000 EUR
-98.06 %
Getränke
Finnland
52 991 000 EUR
53 592 000 EUR
1.13 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Finnland
137 035 000 EUR
159 692 000 EUR
16.53 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Finnland
371 570 000 EUR
417 878 000 EUR
12.46 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Finnland
44 925 000 EUR
51 794 000 EUR
15.29 %
Kohle
Finnland
24 000 EUR
22 000 EUR
-8.33 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Finnland
49 283 000 EUR
54 338 000 EUR
10.26 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Finnland
2 036 500 000 EUR
2 463 801 000 EUR
20.98 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Finnland
57 031 000 EUR
64 231 000 EUR
12.62 %
Maschinen
Finnland
1 519 391 000 EUR
1 716 448 000 EUR
12.97 %
Metalle
Finnland
449 446 000 EUR
583 349 000 EUR
29.79 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Finnland
395 802 000 EUR
456 778 000 EUR
15.41 %
Möbel
Finnland
107 724 000 EUR
106 463 000 EUR
-1.17 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Finnland
552 722 000 EUR
550 911 000 EUR
-0.33 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Finnland
111 124 000 EUR
106 781 000 EUR
-3.91 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Finnland
445 091 000 EUR
558 983 000 EUR
25.59 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Finnland
112 884 000 EUR
121 357 000 EUR
7.51 %
Sonstige Waren
Finnland
663 355 000 EUR
899 607 000 EUR
35.61 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Finnland
10 144 000 EUR
12 513 000 EUR
23.35 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Finnland
8 154 000 EUR
9 383 000 EUR
15.07 %
Textilien
Finnland
125 426 000 EUR
104 903 000 EUR
-16.36 %