Indien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Indien Indien
Capital
name: New Delhi geographic coordinates: 28 36 N, 77 12 E time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the city's name is associated with various myths and legends; the original name for the city may have been Dhilli or Dhillika; alternatively, the name could be a corruption of the Hindustani words "dehleez" or "dehali" - both terms meaning "threshold" or "gateway" - and indicative of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain; after the British decided to move the capital of their Indian Empire from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911, they created a new governmental district south of the latter designated as New Delhi; the new capital was not formally inaugurated until 1931
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of India dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary republic
Legal system
common law system based on the English model; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus; judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total:3,287,263 sq kmland:2,973,193 sq kmwater:314,070 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:60.5%(2011 est.)arable land:52.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:4.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:3.5%(2011 est.)forest:23.1%(2011 est.)other:16.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Age structure
0-14 years:26.98%(male 185,736,879 /female 164,194,080)15-24 years:17.79%(male 122,573,662 /female 108,109,968)25-54 years:41.24%(male 276,283,581 /female 258,563,835)55-64 years:7.6%(male 49,334,703 /female 49,197,817)65 years and over:6.39%(male 39,184,523 /female 43,654,994)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.30
Languages
Hindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6% (2011 est.) note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; there are 22 other officially recognized languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Life expectancy at birth
69.10
Major urban areas - population
28.514 million NEW DELHI (capital), 19.98 million Mumbai, 14.681 million Kolkata, 11.44 million Bangalore, 10.456 million Chennai, 9.482 million Hyderabad (2018)
Median age
total:28.1 yearsmale:27.5 yearsfemale:28.9 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
with the notable exception of the deserts in the northwest, including the Thar Desert, and the mountain fringe in the north, a very high population density exists throughout most of the country; the core of the population is in the north along the banks of the Ganges, with other river valleys and southern coastal areas also having large population concentrations
Population growth rate
1.14%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.4 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
3.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.70
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
28.80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$9,474,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
5.50
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
10.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$7,200
Country Comparison :: Labor force
521,900,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.50
Labor force
521,900,000
Population below poverty line
21.9%(2011 est.)
Unemployment rate
8.5%(2017 est.)8.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:10.1%male:9.5%female:12%(2012 est.)
Country Comparison :: Public debt
71.20
Public debt
71.20
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.60
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.60
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
6.00
Central bank discount rate
6.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$304,100,000,000
Exports
$304,100,000,000
Exports - partners
US 15.6%, UAE 10.2%, Hong Kong 4.9%, China 4.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Imports
$452,200,000,000
Imports
$452,200,000,000
Imports - partners
China 16.3%, US 5.5%, UAE 5.2%, Saudi Arabia 4.8%, Switzerland 4.7% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$377,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$155,200,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$155.2 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$144.1 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$377,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
1,386,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
1,137,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,150,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
5,617,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
733,900
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
4,057,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
31,540,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
76,450,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
23,960,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
23,234,687
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
1,168,902,277
Country Comparison :: Internet users
374,328,160
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
17,856,024
Country Comparison :: Airports
346
Country Comparison :: Railways
68,525
Country Comparison :: Roadways
4,699,024
Country Comparison :: Waterways
14,500
Airports
346
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:17,856,024(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
4.057 million bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
733,900 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
1,137,000,000,000
Electricity - exports
5,150,000,000
Electricity - imports
5,617,000,000
Electricity - production
1,386,000,000,000
Internet users
total: 374,328,160 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
76,450,000
Natural gas - imports
23.96 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
31.54 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:68,525 km(2014)narrow gauge:9,499 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:58,404 km1.676-m gauge (23,654 electrified)(2014) 622 0.762-m gauge
Roadways
4,699,024
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:23,234,687(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:2(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
1,168,902,277
Waterways
14,500
Disputes - international
since China and India launched a security and foreign policy dialogue in 2005, consolidated discussions related to the dispute over most of their rugged, militarized boundary, regional nuclear proliferation, Indian claims that China transferred missiles to Pakistan, and other matters continue; Kashmir remains the site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); India and Pakistan resumed bilateral dialogue in February 2011 after a two-year hiatus, have maintained the 2003 cease-fire in Kashmir, and continue to have disputes over water sharing of the Indus River and its tributaries; UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949; India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; to defuse tensions and prepare for discussions on a maritime boundary, India and Pakistan seek technical resolution of the disputed boundary in Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch in the Arabian Sea; Pakistani maps continue to show its Junagadh claim in Indian Gujarat State; Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Joint Border Committee with Nepal continues to examine contested boundary sections, including the 400 sq km dispute over the source of the Kalapani River; India maintains a strict border regime to keep out Maoist insurgents and control illegal cross-border activities from Nepal

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Indien
12 429 496 000 EUR
14 879 647 000 EUR
19.71 %
Bekleidung
Indien
8 507 000 EUR
12 278 000 EUR
44.33 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Indien
1 962 500 000 EUR
2 073 843 000 EUR
5.67 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Indien
1 107 559 000 EUR
1 374 291 000 EUR
24.08 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Indien
972 145 000 EUR
1 240 382 000 EUR
27.59 %
Energieversorgung
Indien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Indien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Indien
2 676 000 EUR
3 692 000 EUR
37.97 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Indien
7 137 000 EUR
6 699 000 EUR
-6.14 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Indien
0 EUR
3 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Indien
4 778 000 EUR
3 909 000 EUR
-18.19 %
Getränke
Indien
4 935 000 EUR
8 234 000 EUR
66.85 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Indien
169 724 000 EUR
188 839 000 EUR
11.26 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Indien
361 435 000 EUR
430 259 000 EUR
19.04 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Indien
63 250 000 EUR
121 574 000 EUR
92.21 %
Kohle
Indien
39 000 EUR
118 000 EUR
202.56 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Indien
28 575 000 EUR
42 283 000 EUR
47.97 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Indien
483 744 000 EUR
633 224 000 EUR
30.90 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Indien
12 816 000 EUR
17 909 000 EUR
39.74 %
Maschinen
Indien
3 086 339 000 EUR
4 000 536 000 EUR
29.62 %
Metalle
Indien
530 455 000 EUR
627 163 000 EUR
18.23 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Indien
386 236 000 EUR
463 394 000 EUR
19.98 %
Möbel
Indien
30 905 000 EUR
39 486 000 EUR
27.77 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Indien
70 841 000 EUR
88 175 000 EUR
24.47 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Indien
138 761 000 EUR
144 181 000 EUR
3.91 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Indien
362 683 000 EUR
381 913 000 EUR
5.30 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Indien
1 894 982 000 EUR
2 044 099 000 EUR
7.87 %
Sonstige Waren
Indien
675 556 000 EUR
853 447 000 EUR
26.33 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Indien
8 231 000 EUR
9 638 000 EUR
17.09 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Indien
279 000 EUR
435 000 EUR
55.91 %
Textilien
Indien
54 408 000 EUR
69 643 000 EUR
28.00 %