Italien - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Italien
87 494 507 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Italien
1 314 202 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Italien
10 562 029 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Italien
6 173 613 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Italien
6 073 637 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Italien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Italien
9 003 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Italien
5 848 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Italien
441 789 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Italien
10 574 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
4 874 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Italien
419 714 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Italien
1 011 932 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Italien
3 283 810 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Italien
541 430 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Italien
148 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Italien
227 732 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Italien
11 416 688 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Italien
847 197 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Italien
10 399 749 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Italien
6 023 693 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Italien
2 284 280 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Italien
427 074 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Italien
5 714 339 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Italien
1 843 294 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Italien
10 622 883 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Italien
921 037 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Italien
5 754 745 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Italien
127 291 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Italien
275 626 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Italien
756 276 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Italien Italien
Capital
name: Rome

geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 29 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

etymology: by tradition, named after Romulus, one of the legendary founders of the city and its first king
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Italy

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years for EU nationals, 5 years for refugees and specified exceptions, 10 years for all others
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislation under certain conditions in Constitutional Court
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25
Area
total: 301,340 sq km

land: 294,140 sq km

water: 7,200 sq km

note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
Land use
agricultural land: 47.1% (2018 est.)

arable land: 22.8% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 8.6% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 15.7% (2018 est.)

forest: 31.4% (2018 est.)

other: 21.5% (2018 est.)
Location
Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Age structure
0-14 years: 12.08% (male 3,772,041/female 3,600,946)

15-64 years: 64.61% (male 19,430,217/female 19,997,042)

65 years and over: 23.31% (2023 est.) (male 6,248,663/female 7,972,946)
Birth rate
7 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
11.3 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German-speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

major-language sample(s):
L'Almanacco dei fatti del mondo, l'indispensabile fonte per le informazioni di base. (Italian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82.8 years (2023 est.)

male: 80.5 years

female: 85.3 years
Major urban areas - population
4.316 million ROME (capital), 3.155 million Milan, 2.179 million Naples, 1.802 million Turin, 913,000 Bergamo, 850,000 Palermo (2023)
Median age
total: 48.1 years (2023 est.)

male: 47 years

female: 49.1 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
31.4 years (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
despite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate
-0.11% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.24 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 72% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.27% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2020 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2020)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
13.46% (2021 est.)
Labor force
25.012 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
20.1% (2018 est.)
Unemployment rate
9.83% (2021 est.)

9.16% (2020 est.)

9.95% (2019 est.)
Public debt
131.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

132% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises central, state, and local government and social security funds
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.87% (2021 est.)

-0.14% (2020 est.)

0.61% (2019 est.)
Exports
$687.948 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$559.952 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$636.153 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
Germany 12%, France 11%, United States 10%, United Kingdom 5%, Spain 5%, Switzerland 5% (2019)
Imports
$637.934 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$490.684 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$568.796 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
Germany 16%, France 9%, China 7%, Spain 5%, Netherlands 5%, Belgium 5% (2019)
Airports
129 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 18,128,787 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 30 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 44.25 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 75% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 18,475 km (2020) 12,936 km electrified

1289.3 0.950-mm gauge (151.3 km electrified)
Roadways
total: 487,700 km (2007)

paved: 487,700 km (2007) (includes 6,700 km of expressways)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 19,994,902 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 34 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 78,114,933 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 132 (2021 est.)
Waterways
2,400 km (2012) (used for commercial traffic; of limited overall value compared to road and rail)
Disputes - international

Italy-Austria-Switzerland: borders are shifting because glacier peaks that had served as a natural boundary are melting