Kasachstan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Kasachstan Kasachstan
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Capital
name: Nur-Sultan geographic coordinates: 51 10 N, 71 25 E time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) note 1: Kazakhstan has two time zones note 2: on 20 March 2019, Kazakhstan changed the name of its capital city from Astana to Nur-Sultan in honor of its long-serving, recently retired president, Nursultan NAZARBAYEV; this was not the first time the city had its name changed; founded in 1830 as Akmoly, it became Akmolinsk in 1832, Tselinograd in 1961, Akmola (Aqmola) in 1992, and Astana in 1998
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Kazakhstan dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by Roman-Germanic law and by the theory and practice of the Russian Federation
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
3.9
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$26,300
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,970,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.00
Labor force
8,970,000
Population below poverty line
2.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
5%(2017 est.)5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:3.9%male:3.6%female:4.3%(2013 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:26.09%(male 2,406,397 /female 2,483,562)15-24 years:13.55%(male 1,295,882 /female 1,244,540)25-54 years:42.32%(male 3,884,454 /female 4,049,072)55-64 years:10.14%(male 831,872 /female 1,068,651)65 years and over:7.9%(male 517,471 /female 962,647)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
17.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.20
Languages
Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 83.1% (understand spoken language) and trilingual (Kazakh, Russian, English) 22.3% (2017 est.); Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 94.4% (understand spoken language) (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
71.40
Major urban areas - population
1.829 million Almaty, 1.068 million ASTANA (capital), 982,000 Shimkent (2018)
Median age
total:30.9 yearsmale:29.7 yearsfemale:32.2 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the country displays a low population density, particularly the interior; population clusters appear in urban agglomerations in the far northern and southern portions of the country
Population growth rate
0.98%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.22 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
2.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$161,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$35,040,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$35.04 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$32.74 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$161,600,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
11.00
Central bank discount rate
11.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$49,290,000,000
Exports
$49,290,000,000
Exports - partners
Italy 17.9%, China 11.9%, Netherlands 9.8%, Russia 9.3%, Switzerland 6.4%, France 5.9% (2017)
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Area
total:2,724,900 sq kmland:2,699,700 sq kmwater:25,200 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:77.4%(2011 est.)arable land:8.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:68.5%(2011 est.)forest:1.2%(2011 est.)other:21.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in easternmost Europe
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$31,850,000,000
Imports
$31,850,000,000
Imports - partners
Russia 38.9%, China 16.1%, Germany 5.1%, US 4.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
7.40
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
7.40
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
100,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
94,230,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
1,318,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
1,777,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,409,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,480
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
22,410,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
12,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
5,748,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,697,300
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
26,473,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
14,100,751
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,573,500
Country Comparison :: Airports
96
Country Comparison :: Railways
16,104
Country Comparison :: Roadways
97,418
Country Comparison :: Waterways
4,000
Airports
96
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,573,500(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:14(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
1,409,000
Crude oil - imports
1,480 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
1.777 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
94,230,000,000
Electricity - exports
5,100,000,000
Electricity - imports
1,318,000,000
Electricity - production
100,800,000,000
Internet users
total: 14,100,751 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
12,800,000,000
Natural gas - imports
5.748 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
22.41 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:16,614 km(2017)broad gauge:16,614 km1.520-m gauge (4,200 km electrified)(2017)
Roadways
95,409
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,697,300(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:20(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
26,473,000
Waterways
4,000
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Disputes - international
in January 2019, the Kyrgyz Republic ratified the demarcation agreement of the Kazakh-Kyrgyz border; the demarcation of the Kazakh-Uzbek borders is ongoing; the ongoing demarcation with Russia began in 2007; demarcation with China completed in 2002
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
20.80
Public debt
20.80
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.70
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$478,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
5.80

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kasachstan
1 451 675 000 EUR
1 434 630 000 EUR
-1.17 %
Bekleidung
Kasachstan
20 490 000 EUR
21 746 000 EUR
6.13 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kasachstan
80 522 000 EUR
100 699 000 EUR
25.06 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kasachstan
94 151 000 EUR
106 520 000 EUR
13.14 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kasachstan
66 628 000 EUR
73 185 000 EUR
9.84 %
Energieversorgung
Kasachstan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kasachstan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kasachstan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kasachstan
3 613 000 EUR
3 818 000 EUR
5.67 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kasachstan
0 EUR
9 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kasachstan
73 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Getränke
Kasachstan
2 211 000 EUR
3 558 000 EUR
60.92 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kasachstan
18 511 000 EUR
19 987 000 EUR
7.97 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kasachstan
26 438 000 EUR
30 842 000 EUR
16.66 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kasachstan
3 857 000 EUR
3 491 000 EUR
-9.49 %
Kohle
Kasachstan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kasachstan
16 008 000 EUR
14 273 000 EUR
-10.84 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kasachstan
63 084 000 EUR
86 077 000 EUR
36.45 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kasachstan
5 873 000 EUR
5 851 000 EUR
-0.37 %
Maschinen
Kasachstan
396 614 000 EUR
375 869 000 EUR
-5.23 %
Metalle
Kasachstan
13 326 000 EUR
15 765 000 EUR
18.30 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kasachstan
34 710 000 EUR
27 601 000 EUR
-20.48 %
Möbel
Kasachstan
5 346 000 EUR
3 506 000 EUR
-34.42 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kasachstan
25 822 000 EUR
31 586 000 EUR
22.32 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kasachstan
15 047 000 EUR
14 548 000 EUR
-3.32 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kasachstan
170 942 000 EUR
186 728 000 EUR
9.23 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kasachstan
267 410 000 EUR
212 901 000 EUR
-20.38 %
Sonstige Waren
Kasachstan
116 187 000 EUR
91 741 000 EUR
-21.04 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Kasachstan
191 000 EUR
161 000 EUR
-15.71 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kasachstan
699 000 EUR
752 000 EUR
7.58 %
Textilien
Kasachstan
3 922 000 EUR
3 416 000 EUR
-12.90 %