Kenia - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Kenia Kenia
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Capital
name: Nairobi geographic coordinates: 1 17 S, 36 49 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name derives from the Maasai expression meaning "cool waters" and refers to a cold water stream that flowed through the area in the late 19th century
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Kenya dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 out of the previous 7 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review in the new Supreme Court established by the new constitution
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$3,500
Country Comparison :: Labor force
19,600,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
40.00
Labor force
19,600,000
Population below poverty line
36.1%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
40%(2013 est.)40%(2001 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:39.03%(male 9,474,968 /female 9,416,609)15-24 years:19.61%(male 4,737,647 /female 4,752,896)25-54 years:34.27%(male 8,393,673 /female 8,193,800)55-64 years:4%(male 894,371 /female 1,040,883)65 years and over:3.08%(male 640,005 /female 852,675)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
22.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.70
Languages
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth
64.60
Major urban areas - population
4.386 million NAIROBI (capital), 1.214 million Mombassa (2018)
Median age
total:20 yearsmale:19.9 yearsfemale:20.2 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.3 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast
Population growth rate
1.57%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.81 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 4.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.20
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 11 years (2009)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$8,738,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1,545,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$1.545 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$335.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$8,738,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
10.00
Central bank discount rate
10.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$5,792,000,000
Exports
$5,792,000,000
Exports - partners
Uganda 10.8%, Pakistan 10.6%, US 8.1%, Netherlands 7.3%, UK 6.4%, Tanzania 4.8%, UAE 4.4% (2017)
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Area
total:580,367 sq kmland:569,140 sq kmwater:11,227 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:48.1%(2011 est.)arable land:9.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:37.4%(2011 est.)forest:6.1%(2011 est.)other:45.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,990,000,000
Imports
$15,990,000,000
Imports - partners
China 22.5%, India 9.9%, UAE 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 5.1%, Japan 4.5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
8.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
8.00
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
9,634,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,863,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
39,100,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
184,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
12,550
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
69,861
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
42,815,109
Country Comparison :: Internet users
12,165,597
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
288,303
Country Comparison :: Airports
197
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,806
Country Comparison :: Roadways
161,452
Airports
197
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:288,303(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
12,550 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
7,863,000,000
Electricity - exports
39,100,000
Electricity - imports
184,000,000
Electricity - production
9,634,000,000
Internet users
total: 12,165,597 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:3,819 km(2018)standard gauge:47,285 km1.435-m gauge(2018)narrow gauge:3,334 km1.000-m gauge(2018)
Roadways
177,800
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:69,861(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
42,815,109
Waterways
none specifically; the only significant inland waterway is the part of Lake Victoria within the boundaries of Kenya; Kisumu is the main port and has ferry connections to Uganda and Tanzania (2011)
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Disputes - international
Kenya served as an important mediator in brokering Sudan's north-south separation in February 2005; as of March 2019, Kenya provides shelter to nearly 475,000 refugees and asylum seekers, including Ugandans who flee across the border periodically to seek protection from Lord's Resistance Army rebels; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists; the boundary that separates Kenya's and Sudan's sovereignty is unclear in the "Ilemi Triangle," which Kenya has administered since colonial times
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
54.20
Public debt
54.20
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
10.40
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-6.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$163,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kenia
264 223 000 EUR
251 042 000 EUR
-4.99 %
Bekleidung
Kenia
2 294 000 EUR
2 878 000 EUR
25.46 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kenia
52 940 000 EUR
45 712 000 EUR
-13.65 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kenia
20 421 000 EUR
42 967 000 EUR
110.41 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kenia
12 529 000 EUR
11 185 000 EUR
-10.73 %
Energieversorgung
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kenia
39 391 000 EUR
1 420 000 EUR
-96.40 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kenia
17 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-94.12 %
Getränke
Kenia
731 000 EUR
793 000 EUR
8.48 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kenia
2 957 000 EUR
2 947 000 EUR
-0.34 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kenia
5 980 000 EUR
7 361 000 EUR
23.09 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kenia
526 000 EUR
558 000 EUR
6.08 %
Kohle
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kenia
1 285 000 EUR
1 850 000 EUR
43.97 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kenia
18 065 000 EUR
20 420 000 EUR
13.04 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kenia
303 000 EUR
237 000 EUR
-21.78 %
Maschinen
Kenia
57 084 000 EUR
52 065 000 EUR
-8.79 %
Metalle
Kenia
2 568 000 EUR
5 918 000 EUR
130.45 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kenia
4 826 000 EUR
5 278 000 EUR
9.37 %
Möbel
Kenia
1 400 000 EUR
973 000 EUR
-30.50 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kenia
9 700 000 EUR
11 701 000 EUR
20.63 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kenia
5 936 000 EUR
7 276 000 EUR
22.57 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kenia
11 913 000 EUR
12 868 000 EUR
8.02 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kenia
2 807 000 EUR
4 051 000 EUR
44.32 %
Sonstige Waren
Kenia
9 833 000 EUR
11 489 000 EUR
16.84 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Kenia
161 000 EUR
241 000 EUR
49.69 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kenia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Kenia
556 000 EUR
853 000 EUR
53.42 %