Myanmar - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Myanmar Myanmar
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Capital
name: Rangoon (Yangon); note - Nay Pyi Taw is the administrative capital geographic coordinates: 16 48 N, 96 09 E time difference: UTC+6.5 (11.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: Rangoon (Yangon) is a compound of "yan" signifying "enemies" and "koun" meaning "to run out of" and so denoting "End of Strife"; Nay Pyi Taw translates as: "Great City of the Sun" or "Abode of Kings"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Burma dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: none note: an applicant for naturalization must be the child or spouse of a citizen
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law (as introduced in codifications designed for colonial India) and customary law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
4.0
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$6,300
Country Comparison :: Labor force
22,300,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.00
Labor force
22,300,000
Population below poverty line
25.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
4%(2017 est.)4%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:4%male:3.3%female:4.8%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:26.56%(male 7,556,848 /female 7,216,374)15-24 years:17.51%(male 4,900,092 /female 4,837,726)25-54 years:42.51%(male 11,577,883 /female 12,068,190)55-64 years:7.75%(male 2,011,057 /female 2,301,983)65 years and over:5.67%(male 1,373,892 /female 1,778,461)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
17.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.30
Languages
Burmese (official) note: minority ethnic groups use their own languages
Life expectancy at birth
68.60
Major urban areas - population
5.157 million RANGOON (Yangon) (capital), 1.374 million Mandalay (2018)
Median age
total:28.5 yearsmale:27.7 yearsfemale:29.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25 years (2015/16 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated
Population growth rate
0.89%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.13 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
0.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 10 years (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
9.95
Central bank discount rate
9.95
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$9,832,000,000
Exports
$9,832,000,000
Exports - partners
China 36.5%, Thailand 21.8%, Japan 6.6%, Singapore 6.4%, India 5.9% (2017)
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Area
total:676,578 sq kmland:653,508 sq kmwater:23,070 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:19.2%(2011 est.)arable land:16.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:2.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.5%(2011 est.)forest:48.2%(2011 est.)other:32.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$15,780,000,000
Imports
$15,780,000,000
Imports - partners
China 31.4%, Singapore 15%, Thailand 11.1%, Saudi Arabia 7.5%, Malaysia 6.2%, Japan 6%, India 5.5%, Indonesia 4.5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.00
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
17,320,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
14,930,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
12,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
1,824
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
18,410,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
14,070,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
556,112
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
47,951,228
Country Comparison :: Internet users
14,264,308
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
404,932
Country Comparison :: Airports
64
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,031
Country Comparison :: Waterways
12,800
Airports
64
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:404,932(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:less than 1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
1,824
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
12,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
14,930,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
17,320,000,000
Internet users
total: 14,264,308 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
14,070,000,000
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
18.41 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:5,031 km(2008)narrow gauge:5,031 km1.000-m gauge(2008)
Roadways
157,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:556,112(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
47,951,228
Waterways
12,800
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Disputes - international
over half of Burma's population consists of diverse ethnic groups who have substantial numbers of kin in neighboring countries; the Naf River on the border with Bangladesh serves as a smuggling and illegal transit route; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 741,792 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border with Bangladesh in 2010; Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Burmese forces attempting to dig in to the largely autonomous Shan State to rout local militias tied to the drug trade, prompts local residents to periodically flee into neighboring Yunnan Province in China; fencing along the India-Burma international border at Manipur's Moreh town is in progress to check illegal drug trafficking and movement of militants; over 100,000 mostly Karen refugees and asylum seekers fleeing civil strife, political upheaval, and economic stagnation in Burma were living in remote camps in Thailand near the border as of May 2017
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.60
Public debt
33.60
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.80
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
17.70
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$329,800,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
8.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Myanmar
139 613 000 EUR
84 095 000 EUR
-39.77 %
Bekleidung
Myanmar
223 000 EUR
84 000 EUR
-62.33 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
22 187 000 EUR
10 189 000 EUR
-54.08 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Myanmar
14 388 000 EUR
5 692 000 EUR
-60.44 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Myanmar
13 570 000 EUR
7 285 000 EUR
-46.32 %
Energieversorgung
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Myanmar
1 255 000 EUR
795 000 EUR
-36.65 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Myanmar
0 EUR
16 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
46 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Getränke
Myanmar
1 246 000 EUR
193 000 EUR
-84.51 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Myanmar
342 000 EUR
224 000 EUR
-34.50 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Myanmar
3 687 000 EUR
2 548 000 EUR
-30.89 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Myanmar
99 000 EUR
62 000 EUR
-37.37 %
Kohle
Myanmar
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Myanmar
1 785 000 EUR
1 088 000 EUR
-39.05 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Myanmar
6 451 000 EUR
1 566 000 EUR
-75.72 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Myanmar
223 000 EUR
55 000 EUR
-75.34 %
Maschinen
Myanmar
25 066 000 EUR
11 072 000 EUR
-55.83 %
Metalle
Myanmar
838 000 EUR
115 000 EUR
-86.28 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Myanmar
2 301 000 EUR
2 139 000 EUR
-7.04 %
Möbel
Myanmar
90 000 EUR
12 000 EUR
-86.67 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Myanmar
12 774 000 EUR
9 380 000 EUR
-26.57 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Myanmar
2 147 000 EUR
154 000 EUR
-92.83 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Myanmar
16 997 000 EUR
22 778 000 EUR
34.01 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Myanmar
977 000 EUR
3 000 EUR
-99.69 %
Sonstige Waren
Myanmar
10 925 000 EUR
5 967 000 EUR
-45.38 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Myanmar
90 000 EUR
44 000 EUR
-51.11 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Myanmar
535 000 EUR
1 162 000 EUR
117.20 %
Textilien
Myanmar
1 371 000 EUR
1 472 000 EUR
7.37 %