Malaysia - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Malaysia Malaysia
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Capital
name: Kuala Lumpur; note - nearby Putrajaya is referred to as a federal government administrative center but not the capital; Parliament meets in Kuala Lumpur geographic coordinates: 3 10 N, 101 42 E time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Malaysia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 10 out 12 years preceding application
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy note: all Peninsular Malaysian states have hereditary rulers (commonly referred to as sultans) except Melaka (Malacca) and Pulau Pinang (Penang); those two states along with Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia have governors appointed by government; powers of state governments are limited by the federal constitution; under terms of federation, Sabah and Sarawak retain certain constitutional prerogatives (e.g., right to maintain their own immigration controls)
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Federal Court at request of supreme head of the federation
Suffrage
21 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
10.5
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$29,100
Country Comparison :: Labor force
14,940,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
3.40
Labor force
14,940,000
Population below poverty line
3.8%(2009 est.)
Unemployment rate
3.4%(2017 est.)3.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:10.5%male:9.8%female:11.4%(2016 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:27.48%(male 4,498,796 /female 4,243,418)15-24 years:16.74%(male 2,704,318 /female 2,621,444)25-54 years:40.97%(male 6,587,529 /female 6,444,430)55-64 years:8.46%(male 1,364,858 /female 1,325,595)65 years and over:6.35%(male 957,841 /female 1,061,431)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.20
Languages
Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai note: Malaysia has 134 living languages - 112 indigenous languages and 22 non-indigenous languages; in East Malaysia, there are several indigenous languages; the most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Life expectancy at birth
75.40
Major urban areas - population
7.564 million KUALA LUMPUR (capital), 983,000 Johor Bahru, 786,000 Ipoh (2018)
Median age
total:28.7 yearsmale:28.4 yearsfemale:29 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula
Population growth rate
1.34%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.48 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.70
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 14 years (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$139,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$128,500,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$128.5 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$126.9 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$139,500,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.00
Central bank discount rate
3.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$187,900,000,000
Exports
$187,900,000,000
Exports - partners
Singapore 15.1%, China 12.6%, US 9.4%, Japan 8.2%, Thailand 5.7%, Hong Kong 4.5% (2017)
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Area
total:329,847 sq kmland:328,657 sq kmwater:1,190 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:23.2%(2011 est.)arable land:2.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:19.4%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0.9%(2011 est.)forest:62%(2011 est.)other:14.8%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$160,700,000,000
Imports
$160,700,000,000
Imports - partners
China 19.9%, Singapore 10.8%, US 8.4%, Japan 7.6%, Thailand 5.8%, South Korea 4.5%, Indonesia 4.4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.80
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.80
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
148,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
136,900,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
3,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
33,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
647,900
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
326,200
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
166,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
69,490,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
38,230,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2,803,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,578,200
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
42,338,500
Country Comparison :: Internet users
24,384,952
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,687,800
Country Comparison :: Airports
114
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,851
Country Comparison :: Roadways
144,403
Country Comparison :: Waterways
7,200
Airports
114
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,687,800(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:9(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
326,200
Crude oil - imports
166,000 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
647,900 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
136,900,000,000
Electricity - exports
3,000,000
Electricity - imports
33,000,000
Electricity - production
148,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 24,384,952 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
38,230,000,000
Natural gas - imports
2.803 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
69.49 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:1,851 km(2014)standard gauge:59 km1.435-m gauge (59 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:1,792 km1.000-m gauge (339 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways
144,403
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6,578,200(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:21(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
42,338,500
Waterways
7,200
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Disputes - international
while the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" has eased tensions over the Spratly Islands, it is not the legally binding "code of conduct" sought by some parties, which is currently being negotiated between China and ASEAN; Malaysia was not party to the March 2005 joint accord among the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam on conducting marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; disputes continue over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's land reclamation, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in 2008, ICJ awarded sovereignty of Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh/Horsburgh Island) to Singapore, and Middle Rocks to Malaysia, but did not rule on maritime regimes, boundaries, or disposition of South Ledge; land and maritime negotiations with Indonesia are ongoing, and disputed areas include the controversial Tanjung Datu and Camar Wulan border area in Borneo and the maritime boundary in the Ambalat oil block in the Celebes Sea; separatist violence in Thailand's predominantly Muslim southern provinces prompts measures to close and monitor border with Malaysia to stem terrorist activities; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo; per Letters of Exchange signed in 2009, Malaysia in 2010 ceded two hydrocarbon concession blocks to Brunei in exchange for Brunei's sultan dropping claims to the Limbang corridor, which divides Brunei; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
54.10
Public debt
54.10
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
5.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
28.50
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$933,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
5.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Malaysia
5 162 972 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Malaysia
2 624 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Malaysia
501 597 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Malaysia
1 927 204 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Malaysia
383 727 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Malaysia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Malaysia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Malaysia
43 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Malaysia
2 556 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Malaysia
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Malaysia
185 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Malaysia
6 622 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Malaysia
63 610 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Malaysia
106 890 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Malaysia
8 197 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Malaysia
49 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Malaysia
16 464 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Malaysia
476 212 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Malaysia
12 987 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Malaysia
729 584 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Malaysia
97 764 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Malaysia
84 616 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Malaysia
11 965 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Malaysia
132 981 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Malaysia
69 950 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Malaysia
265 962 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Malaysia
25 974 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Malaysia
206 614 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Malaysia
10 186 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Malaysia
936 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Malaysia
17 473 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %