Nigeria - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Nigeria Nigeria
Capital
name: Abuja

geographic coordinates: 9 05 N, 7 32 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: Abuja is a planned capital city, it replaced Lagos in 1991; situated in the center of the country, Abuja takes its name from a nearby town, now renamed Suleja
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Nigeria

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 15 years
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 923,768 sq km

land: 910,768 sq km

water: 13,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 78% (2018 est.)

arable land: 37.3% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 7.4% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 33.3% (2018 est.)

forest: 9.5% (2018 est.)

other: 12.5% (2018 est.)
Location
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Age structure
0-14 years: 40.69% (male 47,978,838/female 45,940,446)

15-64 years: 55.95% (male 64,923,147/female 64,241,948)

65 years and over: 3.36% (2023 est.) (male 3,635,334/female 4,123,030)
Birth rate
34 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
8.52 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.79 years

male: 59.93 years

female: 63.75 years (2023 est.)
Major urban areas - population
15.946 million Lagos, 4.348 million Kano, 3.875 million Ibadan, 3.840 million ABUJA (capital), 3.480 million Port Harcourt, 1.905 million Benin City (2023)
Median age
total: 18.6 years

male: 18.4 years

female: 18.9 years (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.4 years (2018 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 25-49
Net migration rate
-0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest as shown in this population distribution map
Population growth rate
2.53% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.57 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 54.3% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 3.92% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
0.5% of GDP (2013)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
-0.47% (2021 est.)
Labor force
65.116 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
40.1% (2018 est.)
Unemployment rate
9.79% (2021 est.)

9.71% (2020 est.)

8.53% (2019 est.)
Public debt
21.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
16.95% (2021 est.)

13.25% (2020 est.)

11.4% (2019 est.)
Exports
$50.856 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$39.937 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$69.927 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
India 16%, Spain 12%, United States 6%, France 6%, China 5% (2021)
Imports
$66.107 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$72.178 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$100.82 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
China 36%, India 8%, Netherlands 7%, United States 7%, Belgium 4% (2021)
Airports
54 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 65,313 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.03 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 115.5 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 55% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 3,798 km (2014)

standard gauge: 293 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 3,505 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

note: as of the end of 2018, there were only six operational locomotives in Nigeria primarily used for passenger service; the majority of the rail lines are in a severe state of disrepair and need to be replaced
Roadways
total: 195,000 km (2017)

paved: 60,000 km (2017)

unpaved: 135,000 km (2017)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 106,385 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: (2021 est.) less than 1
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 195,128,265 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (2021 est.)
Waterways
8,600 km (2011) (Niger and Benue Rivers and smaller rivers and creeks)
Disputes - international

Nigeria-Benin: none identified

Nigeria-Cameroon: Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately ceded sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phaseout of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; demarcation of the Bakassi Peninsula and adjoining border areas should be finalized in 2022; as Lake Chad’s evaporation exposed dry land, only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries

Nigeria-Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea: the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation

Nigeria-Niger: none identified


Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Nigeria
975 524 000 EUR
1 069 070 000 EUR
9.59 %
Bekleidung
Nigeria
1 448 000 EUR
1 412 000 EUR
-2.49 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Nigeria
123 459 000 EUR
108 774 000 EUR
-11.89 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Nigeria
50 895 000 EUR
65 748 000 EUR
29.18 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Nigeria
40 787 000 EUR
72 168 000 EUR
76.94 %
Energieversorgung
Nigeria
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Nigeria
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Nigeria
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Nigeria
65 703 000 EUR
79 581 000 EUR
21.12 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Nigeria
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Nigeria
17 000 EUR
13 000 EUR
-23.53 %
Getränke
Nigeria
4 374 000 EUR
13 835 000 EUR
216.30 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Nigeria
7 318 000 EUR
15 110 000 EUR
106.48 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Nigeria
54 275 000 EUR
56 453 000 EUR
4.01 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Nigeria
1 563 000 EUR
2 162 000 EUR
38.32 %
Kohle
Nigeria
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Nigeria
19 072 000 EUR
13 026 000 EUR
-31.70 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Nigeria
85 087 000 EUR
63 220 000 EUR
-25.70 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Nigeria
671 000 EUR
602 000 EUR
-10.28 %
Maschinen
Nigeria
208 470 000 EUR
278 111 000 EUR
33.41 %
Metalle
Nigeria
19 259 000 EUR
19 499 000 EUR
1.25 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Nigeria
16 654 000 EUR
20 012 000 EUR
20.16 %
Möbel
Nigeria
2 604 000 EUR
3 357 000 EUR
28.92 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Nigeria
144 769 000 EUR
130 274 000 EUR
-10.01 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Nigeria
22 664 000 EUR
20 669 000 EUR
-8.80 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Nigeria
16 150 000 EUR
17 563 000 EUR
8.75 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Nigeria
10 273 000 EUR
8 525 000 EUR
-17.02 %
Sonstige Waren
Nigeria
53 946 000 EUR
47 009 000 EUR
-12.86 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Nigeria
460 000 EUR
396 000 EUR
-13.91 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Nigeria
21 577 000 EUR
21 045 000 EUR
-2.47 %
Textilien
Nigeria
4 029 000 EUR
10 506 000 EUR
160.76 %