Nicaragua - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Nicaragua Nicaragua
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Capital
name: Managua geographic coordinates: 12 08 N, 86 15 W time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: no, except in cases where bilateral agreements exist residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts
Suffrage
16 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.5
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$5,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
3,046,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.40
Labor force
3,046,000
Population below poverty line
29.6%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate
6.4%(2017 est.)6.2%(2016 est.) note: underemployment was 46.5% in 2008
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:8.5%male:6.4%female:12.9%(2014 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:26.65%(male 827,585 /female 794,086)15-24 years:20.67%(male 632,847 /female 624,811)25-54 years:41.04%(male 1,186,467 /female 1,310,957)55-64 years:6.19%(male 173,674 /female 202,765)65 years and over:5.46%(male 147,324 /female 184,697)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
17.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.20
Languages
Spanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5% (2005 est.) note: English and indigenous languages found on the Caribbean coast
Life expectancy at birth
73.70
Major urban areas - population
1.048 million MANAGUA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:26.2 yearsmale:25.3 yearsfemale:27.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.2 years (2011/12 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the overwhelming majority of the population resides in the western half of the country, with much of the urban growth centered in the capital city of Managua; coastal areas also show large population clusters
Population growth rate
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.87 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.45% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.30
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.00
Central bank discount rate
3.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$3,819,000,000
Exports
$3,819,000,000
Exports - partners
US 44.2%, El Salvador 6.4%, Venezuela 5.5%, Costa Rica 5.5% (2017)
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Area
total:130,370 sq kmland:119,990 sq kmwater:10,380 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:42.2%(2011 est.)arable land:12.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:2.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:27.2%(2011 est.)forest:25.3%(2011 est.)other:32.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$6,613,000,000
Imports
$6,613,000,000
Imports - partners
US 20.8%, China 14.3%, Mexico 11.1%, Costa Rica 7.9%, Guatemala 7%, El Salvador 5.6% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.90
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.90
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
4,454,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
3,590,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
17,870,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
205,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
16,180
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
375,856
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,179,876
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,466,152
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
210,124
Country Comparison :: Airports
147
Country Comparison :: Roadways
23,897
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,220
Airports
147
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:210,124(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:3(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
16,180 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
3,590,000,000
Electricity - exports
17,870,000
Electricity - imports
205,000,000
Electricity - production
4,454,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,466,152 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways
23,897
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:375,856(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:6(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,179,876
Waterways
2,220
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Disputes - international
the 1992 ICJ ruling for El Salvador and Honduras advised a tripartite resolution to establish a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca, which considers Honduran access to the Pacific; Nicaragua and Costa Rica regularly file border dispute cases over the delimitations of the San Juan River and the northern tip of Calero Island to the ICJ; there is an ongoing case in the ICJ to determine Pacific and Atlantic ocean maritime borders as well as land borders; in 2009, the ICJ ruled that Costa Rican vessels carrying out police activities could not use the river, but official Costa Rican vessels providing essential services to riverside inhabitants and Costa Rican tourists could travel freely on the river; in 2011, the ICJ provisionally ruled that both countries must remove personnel from the disputed area; in 2013, the ICJ rejected Nicaragua's 2012 suit to halt Costa Rica's construction of a highway paralleling the river on the grounds of irreparable environmental damage; in 2013, the ICJ, regarding the disputed territory, ordered that Nicaragua should refrain from dredging or canal construction and refill and repair damage caused by trenches connecting the river to the Caribbean and upheld its 2010 ruling that Nicaragua must remove all personnel; in early 2014, Costa Rica brought Nicaragua to the ICJ over offshore oil concessions in the disputed region; Nicaragua filed a case against Colombia in 2013 over the delimitation of the Continental shelf beyond the 200 nautical miles from the Nicaraguan coast, as well as over the alleged violation by Colombia of Nicaraguan maritime space in the Caribbean Sea
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.30
Public debt
33.30
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
24.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$36,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Nicaragua
48 186 000 EUR
56 431 000 EUR
17.11 %
Bekleidung
Nicaragua
252 000 EUR
222 000 EUR
-11.90 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
3 034 000 EUR
2 578 000 EUR
-15.03 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Nicaragua
3 050 000 EUR
4 481 000 EUR
46.92 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Nicaragua
9 800 000 EUR
13 001 000 EUR
32.66 %
Energieversorgung
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Nicaragua
235 000 EUR
143 000 EUR
-39.15 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
3 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
-33.33 %
Getränke
Nicaragua
1 108 000 EUR
3 503 000 EUR
216.16 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Nicaragua
583 000 EUR
1 060 000 EUR
81.82 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Nicaragua
3 738 000 EUR
3 542 000 EUR
-5.24 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Nicaragua
7 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Kohle
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
410 000 EUR
364 000 EUR
-11.22 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Nicaragua
534 000 EUR
332 000 EUR
-37.83 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Nicaragua
19 000 EUR
13 000 EUR
-31.58 %
Maschinen
Nicaragua
13 968 000 EUR
9 838 000 EUR
-29.57 %
Metalle
Nicaragua
135 000 EUR
140 000 EUR
3.70 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
2 021 000 EUR
1 990 000 EUR
-1.53 %
Möbel
Nicaragua
69 000 EUR
60 000 EUR
-13.04 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Nicaragua
1 848 000 EUR
2 067 000 EUR
11.85 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Nicaragua
982 000 EUR
978 000 EUR
-0.41 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
3 011 000 EUR
7 658 000 EUR
154.33 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Nicaragua
1 843 000 EUR
2 976 000 EUR
61.48 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Nicaragua
1 000 EUR
3 000 EUR
200.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
1 060 000 EUR
1 042 000 EUR
-1.70 %
Textilien
Nicaragua
475 000 EUR
438 000 EUR
-7.79 %