Thailand - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Thailand Thailand
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Capital
name: Bangkok geographic coordinates: 13 45 N, 100 31 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Thailand dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
constitutional monarchy
Legal system
civil law system with common law influences
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
3.7
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$17,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
38,370,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
0.70
Labor force
38,370,000
Population below poverty line
7.2%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate
0.7%(2017 est.)0.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:3.7%male:3%female:4.7%(2016 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:16.73%(male 5,880,026 /female 5,598,611)15-24 years:13.83%(male 4,840,303 /female 4,649,589)25-54 years:46.12%(male 15,670,881 /female 15,972,254)55-64 years:12.35%(male 3,970,979 /female 4,503,647)65 years and over:10.97%(male 3,289,576 /female 4,239,992)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
11 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
8.10
Languages
Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages (includes Malay, Burmese) (2010 est.) note: data represent population by language(s) spoken at home; English is a secondary language of the elite
Life expectancy at birth
75.10
Major urban areas - population
10.156 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.272 million Samut Prakan, 1.135 million Chiang Mai, 940,000 Songkla, 937,000 Nothaburi, 889,000 Pathum Thani (2018)
Median age
total:38.1 yearsmale:37 yearsfemale:39.2 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.3 years (2009 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
highest population density is found in and around Bangkok; significant population clusters found througout large parts of the country, particularly north and northeast of Bangkok and in the extreme southern region of the country
Population growth rate
0.29%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.52 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$227,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$117,400,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$117.4 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$96.27 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$227,800,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.50
Central bank discount rate
1.50
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$235,100,000,000
Exports
$235,100,000,000
Exports - partners
China 12.4%, US 11.2%, Japan 9.5%, Hong Kong 5.2%, Vietnam 4.9%, Australia 4.5%, Malaysia 4.4% (2017)
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Area
total:513,120 sq kmland:510,890 sq kmwater:2,230 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:41.2%(2011 est.)arable land:30.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:8.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:1.6%(2011 est.)forest:37.2%(2011 est.)other:21.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$203,200,000,000
Imports
$203,200,000,000
Imports - partners
China 20%, Japan 14.5%, US 6.8%, Malaysia 5.4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.70
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.70
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
181,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
187,700,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2,267,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
19,830,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
239,700
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
790
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
875,400
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
38,590,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
14,410,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
2,910,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
121,530,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
32,398,778
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
8,208,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
101
Country Comparison :: Railways
4,127
Country Comparison :: Roadways
180,053
Country Comparison :: Waterways
4,000
Airports
101
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:8.208 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
790
Crude oil - imports
875,400 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
239,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
187,700,000,000
Electricity - exports
2,267,000,000
Electricity - imports
19,830,000,000
Electricity - production
181,500,000,000
Internet users
total: 32,398,778 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
14.41 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
38.59 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:4,127 km(2017)standard gauge:84 km1.435-m gauge (84 km electrified)(2017)narrow gauge:4,043 km1.000-m gauge(2017)
Roadways
180,053
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:2.91 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
121,530,000
Waterways
4,000
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Disputes - international
separatist violence in Thailand's predominantly Malay-Muslim southern provinces prompt border closures and controls with Malaysia to stem insurgent activities; Southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu; talks continue on completion of demarcation with Laos but disputes remain over several islands in the Mekong River; despite continuing border committee talks, Thailand must deal with Karen and other ethnic rebels, refugees, and illegal cross-border activities; Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary; in 2011, Thailand and Cambodia resorted to arms in the dispute over the location of the boundary on the precipice surmounted by Preah Vihear temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962 and part of a planned UN World Heritage site; Thailand is studying the feasibility of jointly constructing the Hatgyi Dam on the Salween river near the border with Burma; in 2004, international environmentalist pressure prompted China to halt construction of 13 dams on the Salween River that flows through China, Burma, and Thailand; approximately 100,000 mostly Karen refugees fleeing civil strife, political upheaval and economic stagnation in Burma live in remote camps in Thailand near the border
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
41.90
Public debt
41.90
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
34.10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,236,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
1.60

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Thailand
4 191 157 000 EUR
4 879 516 000 EUR
16.42 %
Bekleidung
Thailand
2 914 000 EUR
3 961 000 EUR
35.93 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Thailand
594 593 000 EUR
743 755 000 EUR
25.09 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Thailand
534 669 000 EUR
583 443 000 EUR
9.12 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Thailand
355 985 000 EUR
422 006 000 EUR
18.55 %
Energieversorgung
Thailand
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Thailand
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Thailand
16 000 EUR
13 000 EUR
-18.75 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Thailand
12 361 000 EUR
13 126 000 EUR
6.19 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Thailand
60 000 EUR
59 000 EUR
-1.67 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Thailand
256 000 EUR
548 000 EUR
114.06 %
Getränke
Thailand
12 736 000 EUR
11 851 000 EUR
-6.95 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Thailand
45 222 000 EUR
45 172 000 EUR
-0.11 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Thailand
126 122 000 EUR
153 987 000 EUR
22.09 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Thailand
5 503 000 EUR
5 439 000 EUR
-1.16 %
Kohle
Thailand
0 EUR
5 000 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Thailand
10 990 000 EUR
13 038 000 EUR
18.64 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Thailand
443 837 000 EUR
576 338 000 EUR
29.85 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Thailand
5 600 000 EUR
6 929 000 EUR
23.73 %
Maschinen
Thailand
986 172 000 EUR
961 561 000 EUR
-2.50 %
Metalle
Thailand
182 013 000 EUR
265 099 000 EUR
45.65 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Thailand
117 468 000 EUR
137 495 000 EUR
17.05 %
Möbel
Thailand
8 082 000 EUR
11 819 000 EUR
46.24 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Thailand
123 097 000 EUR
164 574 000 EUR
33.69 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Thailand
50 813 000 EUR
47 167 000 EUR
-7.18 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Thailand
290 694 000 EUR
400 769 000 EUR
37.87 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Thailand
39 071 000 EUR
76 500 000 EUR
95.80 %
Sonstige Waren
Thailand
221 457 000 EUR
207 599 000 EUR
-6.26 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Thailand
1 705 000 EUR
2 735 000 EUR
60.41 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Thailand
233 000 EUR
314 000 EUR
34.76 %
Textilien
Thailand
19 488 000 EUR
24 214 000 EUR
24.25 %