Tadschikistan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Tadschikistan Tadschikistan
Capital
name: Dushanbe

geographic coordinates: 38 33 N, 68 46 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: today's city was originally at the crossroads where a large bazaar occurred on Mondays, hence the name Dushanbe, which in Persian means Monday, i.e., the second day (du) after Saturday (shambe)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Tajikistan

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years or 3 years of continuous residence prior to application
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 144,100 sq km

land: 141,510 sq km

water: 2,590 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 34.7% (2018 est.)

arable land: 6.1% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0.9% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 27.7% (2018 est.)

forest: 2.9% (2018 est.)

other: 62.4% (2018 est.)
Location
Central Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Age structure
0-14 years: 29.98% (male 1,411,335/female 1,360,882)

15-64 years: 65.84% (male 3,025,782/female 3,061,836)

65 years and over: 4.18% (2023 est.) (male 159,728/female 226,374)
Birth rate
20.28 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
5.67 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Tajik (official) 84.4%, Uzbek 11.9%, Kyrgyz 0.8%, Russian 0.5%, other 2.4% (2010 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Китоби Фактҳои Ҷаҳонӣ, манбаи бебадали маълумоти асосӣ (Tajik)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

note: Russian widely used in government and business
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 69.66 years

male: 66.49 years

female: 72.99 years (2023 est.)
Major urban areas - population
987,000 DUSHANBE (capital) (2023)
Median age
total: 25.3 years

male: 24.6 years

female: 26 years (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.2 years (2017 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
the country's population is concentrated at lower elevations, with perhaps as much as 90% of the people living in valleys; overall density increases from east to west
Population growth rate
1.36% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.42 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 28.2% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 2.73% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
5.9% of GDP (2020 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years

male: 12 years

female: 11 years (2013)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
22.04% (2021 est.)
Labor force
2.5 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
26.3% (2019 est.)
Unemployment rate
7.75% (2021 est.)

7.58% (2020 est.)

7.06% (2019 est.)

note: official rate; actual unemployment is much higher
Public debt
50.4% of GDP (2017 est.)

42% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
7.7% (2019 est.)

3.9% (2018 est.)

7.3% (2017 est.)
Exports
$2.161 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$1.409 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$1.243 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
Turkey 24%, Switzerland 22%, Uzbekistan 16%, Kazakhstan 12%, China 10% (2019)
Imports
$4.258 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$3.125 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$3.409 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
China 40%, Russia 38%, Kazakhstan 19%, Uzbekistan 5% (2019)
Airports
24 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 6,000 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.1 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 3,009,054 (2022 est.)

percent of population: 30.4% (2022 est.)
Railways
total: 680 km (2014)

broad gauge: 680 km (2014) 1.520-m gauge
Roadways
total: 30,000 km (2018)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 500,000 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 12 million (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 120 (2021 est.)
Waterways
200 km (2011) (along Vakhsh River)
Disputes - international

Tajikistan-Afghanistan: none identified

Tajikistan-China: in 2006, China and Tajikistan pledged to commence demarcation of the revised boundary agreed to in the delimitation of 2002; in 2011, Tajikistan and China ratified the 2002 border demarcation agreement whereby Tajikistan ceded approximately 1,100 square kilometers in the Pamirs to China

Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan: disputes in Isfara Valley delay delimitation with Kyrgyzstan; in May 2021, both countries agreed to a ceasefire following recent clashes at their border

Tajikistan-Uzbekistan: talks continue with Uzbekistan to delimit border and clear minefields; as of January 2020, Uzbekistan reported that it had cleared all mines along its side of the border


Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Tadschikistan
32 705 000 EUR
56 875 000 EUR
73.90 %
Bekleidung
Tadschikistan
156 000 EUR
125 000 EUR
-19.87 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
1 609 000 EUR
2 811 000 EUR
74.70 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Tadschikistan
2 826 000 EUR
1 705 000 EUR
-39.67 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Tadschikistan
1 260 000 EUR
1 949 000 EUR
54.68 %
Energieversorgung
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Tadschikistan
726 000 EUR
281 000 EUR
-61.29 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Tadschikistan
3 000 EUR
719 000 EUR
23 866.67 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Tadschikistan
115 000 EUR
238 000 EUR
106.96 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Tadschikistan
426 000 EUR
903 000 EUR
111.97 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Tadschikistan
21 000 EUR
24 000 EUR
14.29 %
Kohle
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
1 961 000 EUR
2 856 000 EUR
45.64 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Tadschikistan
2 393 000 EUR
16 847 000 EUR
604.01 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Tadschikistan
10 000 EUR
5 000 EUR
-50.00 %
Maschinen
Tadschikistan
15 023 000 EUR
10 830 000 EUR
-27.91 %
Metalle
Tadschikistan
75 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
275 000 EUR
206 000 EUR
-25.09 %
Möbel
Tadschikistan
66 000 EUR
58 000 EUR
-12.12 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Tadschikistan
745 000 EUR
1 118 000 EUR
50.07 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Tadschikistan
37 000 EUR
26 000 EUR
-29.73 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
1 146 000 EUR
3 442 000 EUR
200.35 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Tadschikistan
7 000 EUR
102 000 EUR
1 357.14 %
Sonstige Waren
Tadschikistan
3 796 000 EUR
12 527 000 EUR
230.01 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Tadschikistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Tadschikistan
29 000 EUR
103 000 EUR
255.17 %