Türkei - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Türkei Türkei
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Capital
name: Ankara geographic coordinates: 39 56 N, 32 52 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Turkey dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission from the government residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on various European legal systems, notably the Swiss civil code
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
20.5
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,000
Country Comparison :: Labor force
31,300,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
10.90
Labor force
31,300,000
Population below poverty line
21.9%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate
10.9%(2017 est.)10.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:20.5%male:17.7%female:25.6%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:24.26%(male 10,085,558 /female 9,627,967)15-24 years:15.88%(male 6,589,039 /female 6,311,113)25-54 years:43.26%(male 17,798,864 /female 17,349,228)55-64 years:8.82%(male 3,557,329 /female 3,606,120)65 years and over:7.79%(male 2,825,738 /female 3,506,283)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
6.00
Languages
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Life expectancy at birth
75.30
Major urban areas - population
14.751 million Istanbul, 4.919 million ANKARA (capital), 2.937 million Izmir, 1.916 million Bursa, 1.73 million Adana, 1.632 million Gaziantep (2018)
Median age
total:31.4 yearsmale:30.9 yearsfemale:31.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.3 years (2010 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the Aegean Sea coast in the west, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast
Population growth rate
0.49%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$180,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$47,440,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$47.44 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$38.31 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$180,300,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.25
Central bank discount rate
5.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$166,200,000,000
Exports
$166,200,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 9.6%, UK 6.1%, UAE 5.9%, Iraq 5.8%, US 5.5%, Italy 5.4%, France 4.2%, Spain 4% (2017)
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Area
total:783,562 sq kmland:769,632 sq kmwater:13,930 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:49.7%(2011 est.)arable land:26.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:4%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:19%(2011 est.)forest:14.9%(2011 est.)other:35.4%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$225,100,000,000
Imports
$225,100,000,000
Imports - partners
China 10%, Germany 9.1%, Russia 8.4%, US 5.1%, Italy 4.8% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
11.10
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
11.10
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
261,900,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
231,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,442,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
6,330,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
245,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
521,500
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
368,100,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
622,900,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
55,130,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
11,308,444
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
77,800,170
Country Comparison :: Internet users
46,838,412
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
11,924,905
Country Comparison :: Airports
98
Country Comparison :: Railways
12,008
Country Comparison :: Roadways
385,754
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,200
Airports
98
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:11,924,905(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
521,500 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
245,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
231,100,000,000
Electricity - exports
1,442,000,000
Electricity - imports
6,330,000,000
Electricity - production
261,900,000,000
Internet users
total: 46,838,412 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
622,900,000
Natural gas - imports
55.13 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
368.1 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:12,710 km(2018)standard gauge:11,497 km1.435-m gauge (1.435 km high speed train)(2018)
Roadways
67,933
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:11,308,444(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:14(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
77,800,170
Waterways
1,200
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Disputes - international
complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Greece in the Aegean Sea; status of north Cyprus question remains; Turkey has expressed concern over the status of Kurds in Iraq; in 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered; Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the medieval ruins of Ani, on the other side of the Arpacay valley
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
28.30
Public debt
28.30
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
7.40
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
25.50
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,186,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
9.10

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Türkei
21 613 518 000 EUR
21 312 591 000 EUR
-1.39 %
Bekleidung
Türkei
29 867 000 EUR
36 876 000 EUR
23.47 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Türkei
2 458 315 000 EUR
2 939 894 000 EUR
19.59 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Türkei
1 249 408 000 EUR
1 281 031 000 EUR
2.53 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Türkei
1 386 191 000 EUR
1 496 819 000 EUR
7.98 %
Energieversorgung
Türkei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Türkei
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Türkei
65 000 EUR
336 000 EUR
416.92 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Türkei
110 927 000 EUR
43 258 000 EUR
-61.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Türkei
6 000 EUR
13 000 EUR
116.67 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Türkei
789 000 EUR
1 004 000 EUR
27.25 %
Getränke
Türkei
43 544 000 EUR
57 966 000 EUR
33.12 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Türkei
203 358 000 EUR
221 135 000 EUR
8.74 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Türkei
722 804 000 EUR
766 175 000 EUR
6.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Türkei
16 350 000 EUR
21 439 000 EUR
31.13 %
Kohle
Türkei
45 000 EUR
457 000 EUR
915.56 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Türkei
58 604 000 EUR
67 009 000 EUR
14.34 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Türkei
4 142 619 000 EUR
3 765 593 000 EUR
-9.10 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Türkei
26 371 000 EUR
28 223 000 EUR
7.02 %
Maschinen
Türkei
4 171 272 000 EUR
4 579 846 000 EUR
9.79 %
Metalle
Türkei
1 598 693 000 EUR
862 381 000 EUR
-46.06 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Türkei
651 415 000 EUR
728 891 000 EUR
11.89 %
Möbel
Türkei
38 220 000 EUR
45 874 000 EUR
20.03 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Türkei
198 236 000 EUR
217 599 000 EUR
9.77 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Türkei
348 819 000 EUR
389 116 000 EUR
11.55 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Türkei
826 981 000 EUR
1 878 703 000 EUR
127.18 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Türkei
2 221 411 000 EUR
698 536 000 EUR
-68.55 %
Sonstige Waren
Türkei
795 834 000 EUR
842 584 000 EUR
5.87 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Türkei
12 694 000 EUR
17 324 000 EUR
36.47 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Türkei
56 940 000 EUR
75 443 000 EUR
32.50 %
Textilien
Türkei
243 740 000 EUR
249 066 000 EUR
2.19 %