Vietnam - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Vietnam Vietnam
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Capital
name: Hanoi (Ha Noi) geographic coordinates: 21 02 N, 105 51 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Vietnam dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
communist state
Legal system
civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.3
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$6,900
Country Comparison :: Labor force
54,800,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
2.20
Labor force
54,800,000
Population below poverty line
8%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate
2.2%(2017 est.)2.3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:7.3%male:7.3%female:7.3%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:23.27%(male 11,876,141 /female 10,704,895)15-24 years:15.81%(male 7,967,981 /female 7,371,016)25-54 years:45.67%(male 22,378,768 /female 21,939,925)55-64 years:8.9%(male 4,014,622 /female 4,620,177)65 years and over:6.35%(male 2,404,304 /female 3,762,505)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.90
Languages
Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Life expectancy at birth
73.90
Major urban areas - population
8.145 million Ho Chi Minh City, 1.444 million Da Nang, 1.219 million Hai Phong, 1.175 million Can Tho, 1.075 million Haiphong, 1.064 million HANOI (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:30.9 yearsmale:29.9 yearsfemale:32.1 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
though it has one of the highest population densities in the world, the population is not evenly dispersed; clustering is heaviest along the South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin, with the Mekong Delta (in the south) and the Red River Valley (in the north) having the largest concentrations of people
Population growth rate
0.9%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.79 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.98% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.70
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19,750,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$19.75 billion(31 December 2015 est.)$18.97 billion(31 December 2014 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$129,500,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.25
Central bank discount rate
4.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$214,100,000,000
Exports
$214,100,000,000
Exports - partners
US 20.1%, China 14.5%, Japan 8%, South Korea 6.8% (2017)
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Area
total:331,210 sq kmland:310,070 sq kmwater:21,140 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:34.8%(2011 est.)arable land:20.6%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:12.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:2.1%(2011 est.)forest:45%(2011 est.)other:20.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$202,600,000,000
Imports
$202,600,000,000
Imports - partners
China 25.8%, South Korea 20.5%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 4.9% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.50
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
158,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
143,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
713,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,733,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
271,400
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
324,600
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
8,098,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
4,526,077
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
120,016,181
Country Comparison :: Internet users
49,741,000
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
11,269,936
Country Comparison :: Airports
45
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,600
Country Comparison :: Roadways
195,468
Country Comparison :: Waterways
47,130
Airports
45
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:11,269,936(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
324,600
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
271,400 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
143,200,000,000
Electricity - exports
713,000,000
Electricity - imports
2,733,000,000
Electricity - production
158,200,000,000
Internet users
49,741,000
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
8.098 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:2,600 km(2014)standard gauge:178 km1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge(2014)narrow gauge:2,169 km1.000-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
195,468
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:4,526,077(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
120,016,181
Waterways
47,130
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Disputes - international
southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of Asian swine fever; Cambodia and Laos protest Vietnamese squatters and armed encroachments along border; Cambodia accuses Vietnam of a wide variety of illicit cross-border activities; progress on a joint development area with Cambodia is hampered by an unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands; an estimated 300,000 Vietnamese refugees reside in China; establishment of a maritime boundary with Cambodia is hampered by unresolved dispute over the sovereignty of offshore islands; the decade-long demarcation of the China-Vietnam land boundary was completed in 2009; China occupies the Paracel Islands also claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan; Brunei claims a maritime boundary extending beyond as far as a median with Vietnam, thus asserting an implicit claim to Lousia Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" eased tensions but differences between the parties negotiating the Code of Conduct continue; Vietnam continues to expand construction of facilities in the Spratly Islands; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Economic Exclusion Zone negotiations with Indonesia are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary; in May 2018, Russia’s RosneftVietnam unit started drilling at a block southeast of Vietnam which is within the area outlined by China’s nine-dash line and Beijing issued a warning
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
58.50
Public debt
58.50
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.80
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
29.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-6.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$648,700,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
8.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Vietnam
3 728 076 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Vietnam
7 303 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
373 501 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Vietnam
274 602 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Vietnam
335 268 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Vietnam
2 369 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Vietnam
7 219 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Vietnam
13 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
16 915 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Vietnam
11 559 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Vietnam
29 936 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Vietnam
66 034 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Vietnam
18 135 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Vietnam
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Vietnam
5 402 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Vietnam
318 629 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Vietnam
8 164 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Vietnam
821 683 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Vietnam
47 092 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Vietnam
76 024 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Vietnam
10 352 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Vietnam
201 891 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Vietnam
15 893 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Vietnam
470 248 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Vietnam
390 434 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Vietnam
146 051 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Vietnam
1 584 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Vietnam
4 474 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Vietnam
67 301 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %