Armenien - Daten & Fakten
geographic coordinates: 40 10 N, 44 30 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
etymology: name likely derives from the ancient Urartian fortress of Erebuni established on the current site of Yerevan in 782 B.C. and whose impressive ruins still survive
citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Armenia
dual citizenship recognized: yes
residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years
land: 28,203 sq km
water: 1,540 sq km
arable land: 15.8% (2018 est.)
permanent crops: 1.9% (2018 est.)
permanent pasture: 42% (2018 est.)
forest: 9.1% (2018 est.)
other: 31.2% (2018 est.)
15-64 years: 67.53% (male 999,784/female 1,018,891)
65 years and over: 14.49% (2023 est.) (male 178,824/female 254,224)
Աշխարհի Փաստագիրք, Անփոխարինելի Աղբյւր Հիմնական Տեղեկատվւթյան. (Armenian)
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male: 73.13 years
female: 79.91 years (2023 est.)
male: 35.1 years
female: 38.3 years (2020 est.)
rate of urbanization: 0.23% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2021)
21.21% (2020 est.)
18.3% (2019 est.)
50.03% of GDP (2019 est.)
1.21% (2020 est.)
1.44% (2019 est.)
$3.818 billion (2020 est.)
$5.794 billion (2019 est.)
note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.
$5.082 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$7.603 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 15 (2020 est.)
percent of population: 79% (2021 est.)
urban: 3,780 km
non-urban: 3,920 km
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 15 (2021 est.)
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 129 (2021 est.)
local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders
Armenia-Azerbaijan: The dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability. Residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Armenia-Georgia: Georgians restrict Armenian access into Samtse-Javakheti ethnic Armenian areas. Armenia has made no claims to the region.
Armenia-Iran: None identified
Armenia-Turkey: In 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered, in part due to resistance from Azerbaijan. The border has been closed since 1993, and no diplomatic relations established after Armenian independence. In 2022, Turkey and Armenia have agreed to move forward with efforts to normalize relations.
Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the ruins of Ani, an ancient city on the high ridge overlooking the Arpaçay valley on the opposite shore.