Australien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Australien Australien
´
Capital
name: Canberra geographic coordinates: 35 16 S, 149 08 E time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in October; ends first Sunday in April etymolgy: the name is claimed to derive from either Kambera or Camberry, which are names corrupted from the original native designation for the area "Nganbra" or "Nganbira"note: Australia has four time zones, including Lord Howe Island (UTC+10:30)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Australia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary democracy (Federal Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Legal system
common law system based on the English model
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
´
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,400
Country Comparison :: Labor force
12,910,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.60
Labor force
12,910,000
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate
5.6%(2017 est.)5.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:12.6%male:13.6%female:11.5%(2017 est.)
´
Age structure
0-14 years:17.75%(male 2,138,080 /female 2,027,583)15-24 years:12.62%(male 1,520,528 /female 1,442,461)25-54 years:41.35%(male 4,944,587 /female 4,760,752)55-64 years:11.84%(male 1,379,681 /female 1,398,177)65 years and over:16.44%(male 1,786,595 /female 2,071,701)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
12 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
7.30
Languages
English 72.7%, Mandarin 2.5%, Arabic 1.4%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.2%, Italian 1.2%, Greek 1%, other 14.8%, unspecified 6.5% (2016 est.) note: data represent language spoken at home
Life expectancy at birth
82.40
Major urban areas - population
4.792 million Sydney, 4.771 million Melbourne, 2.338 million Brisbane, 1.991 million Perth, 1.32 million Adelaide, 423,000 CANBERRA (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:38.8 yearsmale:38.1 yearsfemale:39.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is primarily located on the periphery, with the highest concentration of people residing in the east and southeast; a secondary population center is located in and around Perth in the west; of the States and Territories, New South Wales has, by far, the largest population; the interior, or "outback", has a very sparse population
Population growth rate
1.01%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
´
Education expenditures
5.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 23 years (2016)
´
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$700,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$509,700,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$509.7 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$441.4 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$700,600,000,000
´
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.00
Central bank discount rate
3.00
´
Country Comparison :: Exports
$231,600,000,000
Exports
$231,600,000,000
Exports - partners
China 33.5%, Japan 14.6%, South Korea 6.6%, India 5%, Hong Kong 4% (2017)
´
Area
total:7,741,220 sq kmland:7,682,300 sq kmwater:58,920 sq km note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
Land use
agricultural land:52.9%(2016 est.)arable land:11.6%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:0.09%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:88.4%(2016 est.)forest:16.2%(2016 est.)other:30.9%(2016 est.)
Location
Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean
´
Country Comparison :: Imports
$221,000,000,000
Imports
$221,000,000,000
Imports - partners
China 22.9%, US 10.8%, Japan 7.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, South Korea 4.5% (2017)
´
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
´
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
243,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
229,400,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
263,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
192,500
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
341,700
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
105,200,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
67,960,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
5,776,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
8,460,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
27,553,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
20,288,409
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,923,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
480
Country Comparison :: Railways
33,343
Country Comparison :: Roadways
873,573
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,000
Airports
480
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7.923 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:34(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
192,500
Crude oil - imports
341,700 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
263,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
229,400,000,000
Electricity - exports
0
Electricity - imports
0
Electricity - production
243,000,000,000
Internet users
total: 20,288,409 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
67,960,000,000
Natural gas - imports
5.776 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
105.2 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:33,343 km(2015)standard gauge:17,446 km1.435-m gauge (650 km electrified)(2015)narrow gauge:12,318 km1.067-m gauge (2,075.5 km electrified)(2015)broad gauge:3,247 km1.600-m gauge (372 km electrified)(2015)
Roadways
873,573
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:8.46 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:36(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
27,553,000
Waterways
2,000
´
Disputes - international
In 2007, Australia and Timor-Leste agreed to a 50-year development zone and revenue sharing arrangement and deferred a maritime boundary; Australia asserts land and maritime claims to Antarctica; Australia's 2004 submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf extends its continental margins over 3.37 million square kilometers, expanding its seabed roughly 30 percent beyond its claimed EEZ; all borders between Indonesia and Australia have been agreed upon bilaterally, but a 1997 treaty that would settle the last of their maritime and EEZ boundary has yet to be ratified by Indonesia's legislature; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing
´
Country Comparison :: Public debt
40.80
Public debt
40.80
´
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.20
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
21.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-0.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,248,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
1.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Australien
9 887 836 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Australien
46 327 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Australien
600 638 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Australien
627 643 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Australien
740 575 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Australien
58 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Australien
22 399 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Australien
20 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Australien
524 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Australien
33 045 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Australien
100 498 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Australien
325 036 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Australien
162 981 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Australien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Australien
23 147 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Australien
2 134 483 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Australien
43 574 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Australien
2 041 372 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Australien
130 522 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Australien
289 257 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Australien
38 559 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Australien
314 178 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Australien
117 529 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Australien
1 389 550 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Australien
135 849 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Australien
500 821 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Australien
3 604 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Australien
4 638 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Australien
61 009 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %