Bolivien - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Bolivien
159 455 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Bolivien
176 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
15 877 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Bolivien
11 127 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Bolivien
8 895 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Bolivien
149 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
20 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Bolivien
549 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Bolivien
1 564 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Bolivien
3 386 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Bolivien
338 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Bolivien
1 222 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Bolivien
10 747 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Bolivien
159 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Bolivien
69 638 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Bolivien
646 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Bolivien
4 354 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Bolivien
602 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Bolivien
2 154 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Bolivien
3 830 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Bolivien
8 534 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Bolivien
1 251 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Bolivien
13 962 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Bolivien
7 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Bolivien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Bolivien
268 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Bolivien Bolivien
Capital
name: La Paz (administrative capital); Sucre (constitutional [legislative and judicial] capital)

geographic coordinates: 16 30 S, 68 09 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: La Paz is a shortening of the original name of the city, Nuestra Senora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace); Sucre is named after Antonio Jose de SUCRE (1795-1830), military hero in the independence struggle from Spain and the second president of Bolivia

note: at approximately 3,630 m above sea level, La Paz's elevation makes it the highest capital city in the world
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes

citizenship by descent only: yes

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years
Legal system
civil law system with influences from Roman, Spanish, canon (religious), French, and indigenous law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Area
total: 1,098,581 sq km

land: 1,083,301 sq km

water: 15,280 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 34.3% (2018 est.)

arable land: 3.6% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0.2% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 30.5% (2018 est.)

forest: 52.5% (2018 est.)

other: 13.2% (2018 est.)
Location
Central South America, southwest of Brazil
Age structure
0-14 years: 29.14% (male 1,813,044/female 1,737,699)

15-64 years: 64.03% (male 3,929,462/female 3,872,943)

65 years and over: 6.84% (2023 est.) (male 384,356/female 448,575)
Birth rate
18.1 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Spanish (official) 68.1%, Quechua (official) 17.2%, Aymara (official) 10.5%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.1%; note - Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official; 36 indigenous languages are specified, including a few that are extinct (2012 est.)

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72.5 years (2023 est.)

male: 71 years

female: 74 years
Major urban areas - population
1.936 million LA PAZ (capital), 1.820 million Santa Cruz, 1.400 million Cochabamba (2022); 278,000 Sucre (constitutional capital) (2018)
Median age
total: 26.2 years (2023 est.)

male: 25.9 years

female: 26.6 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.1 years (2008 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 25-49
Net migration rate
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
a high altitude plain in the west between two cordillera of the Andes, known as the Altiplano, is the focal area for most of the population; a dense settlement pattern is also found in and around the city of Santa Cruz, located on the eastern side of the Andes
Population growth rate
1.06% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.26 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 71.2% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.87% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
9.8% of GDP (2020 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-7.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
9.56% (2021 est.)
Labor force
6.322 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
37.2% (2019 est.)
Unemployment rate
8.51% (2021 est.)

7.9% (2020 est.)

3.82% (2019 est.)

note: data are for urban areas; widespread underemployment
Public debt
49% of GDP (2017 est.)

44.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.74% (2021 est.)

0.94% (2020 est.)

1.84% (2019 est.)
Exports
$11.439 billion (2021 est.)

$7.383 billion (2020 est.)

$10.271 billion (2019 est.)

note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.
Exports - partners
Argentina 16%, Brazil 15%, United Arab Emirates 12%, India 10%, United States 6%, South Korea 5%, Peru 5%, Colombia 5% (2019)
Imports
$10.799 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$8.261 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$11.957 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
Brazil 22%, Chile 15%, China 13%, Peru 11%, Argentina 8%, United States 7% (2017)
Airports
855 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 931,918 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 7.92 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 66% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 3,960 km (2019)

narrow gauge: 3,960 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge
Roadways
total: 90,568 km (2017)

paved: 9,792 km (2017)

unpaved: 80,776 km (2017)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 539,481 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 4 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 12,033,941 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 100 (2021 est.)
Waterways
10,000 km (2012) (commercially navigable almost exclusively in the northern and eastern parts of the country)
Disputes - international

contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of its border regions with all of its neighbors (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru)

Bolivia-Chile: despite tariff-free access to ports in southern Peru and northern Chile, Bolivia persists with its long-standing claims to regain sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean

Bolivia-Peru: despite tariff-free access to ports in southern Peru and northern Chile, Bolivia persists with its long-standing claims to regain sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean; smuggling of archaeological artifacts from Peru to Bolivia, illegal timber and narcotics smuggling, human trafficking, and falsified documents are current issues 

Bolivia-Brazil: the Roboré Accord of March 29, 1958 placed the long-disputed Isla Suárez/Ilha de Guajará-Mirim, a fluvial island on the Río Mamoré, between the two towns of Guajará-Mirim (Brazil) and Guayaramerin (Bolivia), under Bolivian administration but did not resolve the sovereignty dispute

Bolivia-Argentina: contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of the border 

Bolivia-Paraguay: on April 27, 2009, the president of Argentina hosted the presidents of Bolivia and Paraguay together with representatives of the five other guarantor states -- Brazil, Chile, Peru, the US, and Uruguay -- to the signing for the Final Record of the Boundary Commission in execution of the 1938 Peace Treaty between Bolivia and Paraguay