Kolumbien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Kolumbien Kolumbien
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Capital
name: Bogota geographic coordinates: 4 36 N, 74 05 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: originally referred to as "Bacata," meaning "enclosure outside of the farm fields," by the indigenous Muisca
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Colombia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by the Spanish and French civil codes
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.7
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$14,400
Country Comparison :: Labor force
25,760,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
9.30
Labor force
25,760,000
Population below poverty line
28%(2017 est.)
Unemployment rate
9.3%(2017 est.)9.2%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:18.7%male:14.7%female:24.1%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:23.89%(male 5,895,637 /female 5,611,298)15-24 years:16.96%(male 4,161,661 /female 4,006,875)25-54 years:41.98%(male 10,043,080 /female 10,177,042)55-64 years:9.44%(male 2,145,031 /female 2,404,090)65 years and over:7.73%(male 1,555,848 /female 2,168,434)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.50
Languages
Spanish (official)
Life expectancy at birth
76.20
Major urban areas - population
10.574 million BOGOTA (capital), 3.934 million Medellin, 2.726 million Cali, 2.218 million Barranquilla, 1.295 million Bucaramanga, 1.047 million Cartagena (2018)
Median age
total:30.4 yearsmale:29.4 yearsfemale:31.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.7 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the majority of people live in the north and west where agricultural opportunities and natural resources are found; the vast grasslands of the llanos to the south and east, which make up approximately 60% of the country, are sparsely populated
Population growth rate
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.98 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$179,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$55,510,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$55.51 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$51.82 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$179,600,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.75
Central bank discount rate
4.75
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$39,480,000,000
Exports
$39,480,000,000
Exports - partners
US 28.5%, Panama 8.6%, China 5.1% (2017)
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Area
total:1,138,910 sq kmland:1,038,700 sq kmwater:100,210 sq km note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
Land use
agricultural land:37.5%(2011 est.)arable land:1.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.6%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:34.5%(2011 est.)forest:54.4%(2011 est.)other:8.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$44,240,000,000
Imports
$44,240,000,000
Imports - partners
US 26.3%, China 19.3%, Mexico 7.5%, Brazil 5%, Germany 4.1% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
4.30
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
74,920,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
68,250,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
460,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
378,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
853,600
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
726,700
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
10,020,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
48,140,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,987,654
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
62,222,011
Country Comparison :: Internet users
27,452,550
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
6,318,936
Country Comparison :: Airports
836
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,141
Country Comparison :: Roadways
206,500
Country Comparison :: Waterways
24,725
Airports
836
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:6,318,936(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:13(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
726,700
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
853,600 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
68,250,000,000
Electricity - exports
460,000,000
Electricity - imports
378,000,000
Electricity - production
74,920,000,000
Internet users
total: 27,452,550 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
48.14 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
10.02 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:2,141 km(2015)standard gauge:150 km1.435-m gauge(2015)narrow gauge:1,991 km0.914-m gauge(2015)
Roadways
206,500
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6,987,654(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:15(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
62,222,011
Waterways
24,725
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Disputes - international
in December 2007, ICJ allocated San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina islands to Colombia under 1928 Treaty but did not rule on 82 degrees W meridian as maritime boundary with Nicaragua; managed dispute with Venezuela over maritime boundary and Venezuelan-administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian-organized illegal narcotics, guerrilla, and paramilitary activities penetrate all neighboring borders and have caused Colombian citizens to flee mostly into neighboring countries; Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the US assert various claims to Bajo Nuevo and Serranilla Bank
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
49.40
Public debt
49.40
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.80
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
18.90
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$711,600,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
-2.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Kolumbien
1 323 583 000 EUR
1 617 857 000 EUR
22.23 %
Bekleidung
Kolumbien
4 262 000 EUR
3 681 000 EUR
-13.63 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
239 010 000 EUR
307 197 000 EUR
28.53 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Kolumbien
79 617 000 EUR
82 472 000 EUR
3.59 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Kolumbien
58 479 000 EUR
76 939 000 EUR
31.57 %
Energieversorgung
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Kolumbien
1 000 EUR
16 000 EUR
1 500.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Kolumbien
2 814 000 EUR
3 565 000 EUR
26.69 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Kolumbien
4 000 EUR
8 000 EUR
100.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
153 000 EUR
199 000 EUR
30.07 %
Getränke
Kolumbien
13 916 000 EUR
15 787 000 EUR
13.44 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Kolumbien
10 686 000 EUR
17 820 000 EUR
66.76 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Kolumbien
55 156 000 EUR
59 957 000 EUR
8.70 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Kolumbien
4 526 000 EUR
7 989 000 EUR
76.51 %
Kohle
Kolumbien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
5 554 000 EUR
8 414 000 EUR
51.49 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Kolumbien
98 317 000 EUR
126 024 000 EUR
28.18 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Kolumbien
1 674 000 EUR
2 202 000 EUR
31.54 %
Maschinen
Kolumbien
240 620 000 EUR
281 672 000 EUR
17.06 %
Metalle
Kolumbien
20 596 000 EUR
33 170 000 EUR
61.05 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
23 929 000 EUR
34 967 000 EUR
46.13 %
Möbel
Kolumbien
2 537 000 EUR
3 200 000 EUR
26.13 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Kolumbien
31 179 000 EUR
32 996 000 EUR
5.83 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Kolumbien
47 488 000 EUR
55 098 000 EUR
16.03 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Kolumbien
274 745 000 EUR
336 813 000 EUR
22.59 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Kolumbien
12 273 000 EUR
18 331 000 EUR
49.36 %
Sonstige Waren
Kolumbien
83 300 000 EUR
93 546 000 EUR
12.30 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Kolumbien
7 477 000 EUR
9 447 000 EUR
26.35 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Kolumbien
26 000 EUR
16 000 EUR
-38.46 %
Textilien
Kolumbien
5 244 000 EUR
6 331 000 EUR
20.73 %