Ägypten - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Ägypten Ägypten
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Capital
name: Cairo geographic coordinates: 30 03 N, 31 15 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: from the Arabic "al-Qahira," meaning "the victorious"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: if the father was born in Egypt dual citizenship recognized: only with prior permission from the government residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic religious law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws; judicial review of the constitutionality of laws by the Supreme Constitutional Court
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
29.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,700
Country Comparison :: Labor force
29,950,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
12.20
Labor force
29,950,000
Population below poverty line
27.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
12.2%(2017 est.)12.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:29.6%male:25.7%female:38.3%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:33.38%(male 17,177,977 /female 16,007,877)15-24 years:18.65%(male 9,551,309 /female 8,988,006)25-54 years:37.71%(male 19,053,300 /female 18,431,808)55-64 years:5.99%(male 2,956,535 /female 2,995,497)65 years and over:4.28%(male 2,058,217 /female 2,192,791)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
28.8 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
4.50
Languages
Arabic (official), Arabic, English, and French widely understood by educated classes
Life expectancy at birth
73.20
Major urban areas - population
20.076 million CAIRO (capital), 5.086 million Alexandria (2018)
Median age
total:23.9 yearsmale:23.6 yearsfemale:24.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
approximately 95% of the population lives within 20 km of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited
Population growth rate
2.38%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.41 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$106,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$7,426,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$7.426 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$7.257 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$106,600,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
19.25
Central bank discount rate
19.25
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$23,300,000,000
Exports
$23,300,000,000
Exports - partners
UAE 10.9%, Italy 10%, US 7.4%, UK 5.7%, Turkey 4.4%, Germany 4.3%, India 4.3% (2017)
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Area
total:1,001,450 sq kmland:995,450 sq kmwater:6,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:3.6%(2011 est.)arable land:2.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.8%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:0%(2011 est.)forest:0.1%(2011 est.)other:96.3%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$59,780,000,000
Imports
$59,780,000,000
Imports - partners
China 7.9%, UAE 5.2%, Germany 4.8%, Saudi Arabia 4.6%, US 4.4%, Russia 4.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
23.50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
23.50
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
183,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
159,700,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,158,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
54,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
589,400
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
246,500
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
64,760
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
50,860,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
212,400,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
7,079,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,604,849
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
102,958,194
Country Comparison :: Internet users
38
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
5,223,311
Country Comparison :: Airports
83
Country Comparison :: Railways
5,085
Country Comparison :: Roadways
65,050
Country Comparison :: Waterways
3,500
Airports
83
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:5,223,311(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:5(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
246,500
Crude oil - imports
64,760 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
589,400 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
159,700,000,000
Electricity - exports
1,158,000,000
Electricity - imports
54,000,000
Electricity - production
183,500,000,000
Internet users
total: 38
Natural gas - exports
212,400,000
Natural gas - imports
7.079 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
50.86 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:5,085 km(2014)standard gauge:5,085 km1.435-m gauge (62 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways
65,050
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6,604,849(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
102,958,194
Waterways
3,500
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Disputes - international
Sudan claims but Egypt de facto administers security and economic development of Halaib region north of the 22nd parallel boundary; Egypt no longer shows its administration of the Bir Tawil trapezoid in Sudan on its maps; Gazan breaches in the security wall with Egypt in January 2008 highlight difficulties in monitoring the Sinai border; Saudi Arabia claims Egyptian-administered islands of Tiran and Sanafir
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
103.00
Public debt
103.00
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.20
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
9.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-8.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,204,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Ägypten
4 021 394 000 EUR
4 151 370 000 EUR
3.23 %
Bekleidung
Ägypten
6 597 000 EUR
7 764 000 EUR
17.69 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Ägypten
432 985 000 EUR
528 406 000 EUR
22.04 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Ägypten
223 926 000 EUR
237 296 000 EUR
5.97 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Ägypten
202 210 000 EUR
209 373 000 EUR
3.54 %
Energieversorgung
Ägypten
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Ägypten
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Ägypten
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Ägypten
35 637 000 EUR
31 607 000 EUR
-11.31 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Ägypten
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Ägypten
214 000 EUR
150 000 EUR
-29.91 %
Getränke
Ägypten
1 156 000 EUR
1 243 000 EUR
7.53 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Ägypten
34 480 000 EUR
37 050 000 EUR
7.45 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Ägypten
80 740 000 EUR
98 862 000 EUR
22.44 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Ägypten
10 527 000 EUR
13 001 000 EUR
23.50 %
Kohle
Ägypten
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Ägypten
10 557 000 EUR
17 625 000 EUR
66.95 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Ägypten
686 517 000 EUR
678 618 000 EUR
-1.15 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Ägypten
1 272 000 EUR
1 183 000 EUR
-7.00 %
Maschinen
Ägypten
1 004 884 000 EUR
890 082 000 EUR
-11.42 %
Metalle
Ägypten
111 792 000 EUR
72 634 000 EUR
-35.03 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Ägypten
66 510 000 EUR
65 805 000 EUR
-1.06 %
Möbel
Ägypten
8 573 000 EUR
12 518 000 EUR
46.02 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Ägypten
124 538 000 EUR
135 541 000 EUR
8.84 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Ägypten
62 828 000 EUR
61 457 000 EUR
-2.18 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Ägypten
243 448 000 EUR
279 802 000 EUR
14.93 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Ägypten
22 548 000 EUR
67 504 000 EUR
199.38 %
Sonstige Waren
Ägypten
612 237 000 EUR
667 144 000 EUR
8.97 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Ägypten
2 530 000 EUR
2 222 000 EUR
-12.17 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Ägypten
11 660 000 EUR
10 453 000 EUR
-10.35 %
Textilien
Ägypten
23 028 000 EUR
24 030 000 EUR
4.35 %