Spanien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Spanien Spanien
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Capital
name: Madrid geographic coordinates: 40 24 N, 3 41 W time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October note: Spain has two time zones, including the Canary Islands (UTC 0)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Spain dual citizenship recognized: only with select Latin American countries residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years for persons with no ties to Spain
Regierungstyp
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Legal system
civil law system with regional variations
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
38.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$38,400
Country Comparison :: Labor force
22,750,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
17.20
Labor force
22,750,000
Population below poverty line
21.1%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
17.2%(2017 est.)19.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:38.6%male:39.5%female:37.4%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:15.29%(male 3,879,229 /female 3,664,016)15-24 years:9.65%(male 2,458,486 /female 2,299,523)25-54 years:44.54%(male 11,208,598 /female 10,762,651)55-64 years:12.38%(male 2,980,206 /female 3,125,949)65 years and over:18.15%(male 3,833,601 /female 5,118,817)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
9.20
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers) note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
Life expectancy at birth
81.80
Major urban areas - population
6.497 million MADRID (capital), 5.494 million Barcelona, 830,000 Valencia (2018)
Median age
total:43.1 yearsmale:41.9 yearsfemale:44.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
with the notable exception of Madrid, Sevilla, and Zaragoza, the largest urban agglomerations are found along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts; numerous smaller cities are spread throughout the interior reflecting Spain's agrarian heritage; dense settlement is found around the capital of Madrid, as well as the port city of Barcelona
Population growth rate
0.73%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.5 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.30
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$824,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$776,800,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$776.8 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$696.9 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$824,800,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.05
Central bank discount rate
0.05
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$313,700,000,000
Exports
$313,700,000,000
Exports - partners
France 15.1%, Germany 11.3%, Italy 7.8%, Portugal 7.1%, UK 6.9%, US 4.4% (2017)
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Area
total:505,370 sq kmland:498,980 sq kmwater:6,390 sq km note: there are two autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera
Land use
agricultural land:54.1%(2011 est.)arable land:24.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:9.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:20.1%(2011 est.)forest:36.8%(2011 est.)other:9.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$338,600,000,000
Imports
$338,600,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 14.2%, France 11.9%, China 6.9%, Italy 6.8%, Netherlands 5.1%, UK 4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
258,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
239,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
14,180,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
21,850,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,252
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,325,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
36,810,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2,888,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
34,630,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
19,680,973
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
52,484,655
Country Comparison :: Internet users
39,123,384
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
14,473,888
Country Comparison :: Airports
150
Country Comparison :: Railways
16,102
Country Comparison :: Roadways
683,175
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,000
Airports
150
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:14,473,888(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:30(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
1.325 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
2,252 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
239,500,000,000
Electricity - exports
14,180,000,000
Electricity - imports
21,850,000,000
Electricity - production
258,600,000,000
Internet users
total: 39,123,384 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
2,888,000,000
Natural gas - imports
34.63 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
36.81 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:15,302 km(9699 km electrified)(2017)standard gauge:2,571 km1.435-m gauge (2,571 km electrified)(2017)narrow gauge:1,207 km1.000-m gauge (400 km electrified)(2017)broad gauge:11,333 km1.668-m gauge (6,538 km electrified)(2017) mixed gauge: 190.1 km 1.668-m and 1.435m (190.1 km electrified); 28 km 0.914-m gauge (28 km electrified); 3.6 km 0.600-m gauge
Roadways
683,175
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:19,680,973(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:40(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
52,484,655
Waterways
1,000
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Disputes - international
in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the Government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; after voters in the UK chose to leave the EU in a June 2016 referendum, Spain again proposed shared sovereignty of Gibraltar; UK officials rejected Spain’s joint sovereignty proposal; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and the islands of Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas, and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; both countries claim Isla Perejil (Leila Island); Morocco serves as the primary launching site of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa; Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
98.40
Public debt
98.40
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-3.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,778,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
4.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Spanien
43 606 926 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Spanien
761 261 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Spanien
5 031 466 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Spanien
4 269 906 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Spanien
3 126 268 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Spanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Spanien
3 624 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Spanien
222 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Spanien
150 131 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Spanien
10 495 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Spanien
2 339 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Spanien
211 094 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Spanien
470 684 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Spanien
1 727 968 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Spanien
216 660 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Spanien
138 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Spanien
113 685 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Spanien
7 377 248 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Spanien
343 341 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Spanien
5 181 918 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Spanien
1 852 994 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Spanien
1 361 370 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Spanien
396 167 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Spanien
2 179 791 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Spanien
710 994 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Spanien
3 419 469 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Spanien
850 729 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Spanien
3 007 971 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Spanien
43 002 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Spanien
393 005 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Spanien
392 986 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %