Estland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Estland Estland
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Capital
name: Tallinn geographic coordinates: 59 26 N, 24 43 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the Estonian name is generally believed to be derived from "Taani-linn" (originally meaning "Danish castle", now "Danish town") after a stronghold built in the area by the Danes; it could also have come from "tali-linn" ("winter castle" or "winter town") or "talu-linn" ("home castle" or "home town")
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Estonia dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal; age 16 for local elections
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.1
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$31,700
Country Comparison :: Labor force
670,200
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
5.80
Labor force
670,200
Population below poverty line
21.1%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
5.8%(2017 est.)6.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:12.1%male:13.9%female:10%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:16.3%(male 104,024 /female 98,757)15-24 years:8.8%(male 56,755 /female 52,711)25-54 years:41.07%(male 258,727 /female 252,304)55-64 years:13.63%(male 76,895 /female 92,759)65 years and over:20.2%(male 85,900 /female 165,456)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
9.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
12.70
Languages
Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
77.00
Major urban areas - population
437,000 TALLINN (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:43 yearsmale:39.7 yearsfemale:46.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.6 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Population growth rate
-0.6%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.01% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
5.20
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$27,050,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$10,960,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$10.96 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$9.396 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$27,050,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
Central bank discount rate
0.00
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$13,440,000,000
Exports
$13,440,000,000
Exports - partners
Finland 16.2%, Sweden 13.5%, Latvia 9.2%, Russia 7.3%, Germany 6.9%, Lithuania 5.9% (2017)
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Area
total:45,228 sq kmland:42,388 sq kmwater:2,840 sq km note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Land use
agricultural land:22.2%(2011 est.)arable land:14.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:7.2%(2011 est.)forest:52.1%(2011 est.)other:25.7%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$14,420,000,000
Imports
$14,420,000,000
Imports - partners
Finland 14%, Germany 10.7%, Lithuania 8.9%, Sweden 8.5%, Latvia 8.2%, Poland 7.2%, Russia 6.7%, Netherlands 5.9%, China 4.7% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.70
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.70
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
11,550,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
8,795,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
5,613,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
3,577,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
481,400,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
362,117
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
1,904,425
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,097,921
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
404,682
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,146
Country Comparison :: Roadways
58,412
Country Comparison :: Waterways
335
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:404,682(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:32(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
8,795,000,000
Electricity - exports
5,613,000,000
Electricity - imports
3,577,000,000
Electricity - production
11,550,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,097,921 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
481.4 million cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:2,146 km(2016)broad gauge:2,146 km1.520-m and 1.524-m gauge (132 km electrified)(2016) note: includes 1,510 km public and 636 km non-public railway
Roadways
58,412
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:362,117(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:29(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
1,904,425
Waterways
335
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Disputes - international
Russia and Estonia in May 2005 signed a technical border agreement, but Russia in June 2005 recalled its signature after the Estonian parliament added to its domestic ratification act a historical preamble referencing the Soviet occupation and Estonia's pre-war borders under the 1920 Treaty of Tartu; Russia contends that the preamble allows Estonia to make territorial claims on Russia in the future, while Estonian officials deny that the preamble has any legal impact on the treaty text; Russia demands better treatment of the Russian-speaking population in Estonia; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Estonia implements strict Schengen border rules with Russia
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
9.00
Public debt
9.00
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
27.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-0.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$41,650,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
9.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Estland
2 219 917 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Estland
58 833 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Estland
184 366 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Estland
226 503 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Estland
177 320 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Estland
11 157 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Estland
447 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Estland
15 996 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Estland
18 459 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Estland
37 831 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Estland
93 719 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Estland
16 263 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Estland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Estland
7 668 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Estland
436 150 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Estland
27 557 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Estland
331 639 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Estland
91 590 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Estland
77 509 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Estland
13 414 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Estland
88 816 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Estland
22 321 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Estland
54 631 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Estland
22 505 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Estland
173 985 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Estland
2 409 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Estland
1 545 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Estland
27 284 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %