Ghana - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Ghana
292 755 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Ghana
5 215 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Ghana
28 886 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Ghana
17 805 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Ghana
12 445 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Ghana
6 445 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Ghana
6 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Ghana
9 464 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Ghana
3 337 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Ghana
11 647 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Ghana
373 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Ghana
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Ghana
3 596 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Ghana
39 803 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Ghana
567 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Ghana
65 576 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Ghana
3 649 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Ghana
6 633 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Ghana
2 814 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Ghana
51 646 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Ghana
2 656 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Ghana
10 619 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Ghana
136 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Ghana
7 264 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Ghana
160 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Ghana
2 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Ghana
2 011 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Ghana Ghana
Capital
name: Accra

geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: the name derives from the Akan word "nkran" meaning "ants," and refers to the numerous anthills in the area around the capital
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent or grandparent must be a citizen of Ghana

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal system
mixed system of English common law and customary law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 238,533 sq km

land: 227,533 sq km

water: 11,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 69.1% (2018 est.)

arable land: 20.7% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 11.9% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 36.5% (2018 est.)

forest: 21.2% (2018 est.)

other: 9.7% (2018 est.)
Location
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Age structure
0-14 years: 37.72% (male 6,445,288/female 6,321,989)

15-64 years: 57.92% (male 9,420,940/female 10,181,376)

65 years and over: 4.36% (2023 est.) (male 660,991/female 815,530)
Birth rate
28 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
6 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2% (2010 est.)

note: English is the official language
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 69.7 years (2023 est.)

male: 68.1 years

female: 71.4 years
Major urban areas - population
3.768 million Kumasi, 2.660 million ACCRA (capital), 1.078 million Sekondi Takoradi (2023)
Median age
total: 21.3 years (2023 est.)

male: 20.4 years

female: 22.2 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.7 years (2014 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 25-49
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
population is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations being on or near the Atlantic coast as shown in this population distribution map
Population growth rate
2.19% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.61 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 59.2% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
3.9% of GDP (2018 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years

male: 12 years

female: 12 years (2020)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
-0.8% (2021 est.)
Labor force
14.095 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
23.4% (2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.7% (2021 est.)

4.65% (2020 est.)

4.32% (2019 est.)
Public debt
71.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

73.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.97% (2021 est.)

9.89% (2020 est.)

7.14% (2019 est.)
Exports
$23.901 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$22.077 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$25.592 billion (2019 est.)
Exports - partners
Switzerland 23%, United Arab Emirates 12%, China 12%, India 9%, Netherlands 5% (2020)
Imports
$25.967 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$24.545 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$26.908 billion (2019 est.)
Imports - partners
China 42%, Netherlands 5%, United States 5%, India 5%, United Arab Emirates 3% (2020)
Airports
10 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 78,371 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.3 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 22.44 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 68% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 947 km (2022)

narrow gauge: 947 km (2022) 1.067-m gauge
Roadways
total: 65,725 km (2021)

paved: 14,948 km (2021)

unpaved: 50,777 km (2021)

urban: 28,480 km 27% total paved 73% total unpaved
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 315,271 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 40,454,073 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 123 (2021 est.)
Waterways
1,293 km (2011) (168 km for launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta)
Disputes - international
disputed maritime border with Cote d'Ivoire was resolved in 2017 through a decision of a Special Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)