Griechenland - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Griechenland Griechenland
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Capital
name: Athens geographic coordinates: 37 59 N, 23 44 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: according to tradition, the city is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom; in actuality, the appellation probably derives from a lost name in a pre-Hellenic language
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Greece dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil legal system based on Roman law
Suffrage
17 years of age; universal and compulsory
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
43.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$27,800
Country Comparison :: Labor force
4,769,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
21.50
Labor force
4,769,000
Population below poverty line
36%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate
21.5%(2017 est.)23.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:43.6%male:39.3%female:48.2%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:13.72%(male 760,615 /female 716,054)15-24 years:9.68%(male 531,957 /female 509,671)25-54 years:42.18%(male 2,259,672 /female 2,279,464)55-64 years:13.28%(male 699,205 /female 729,655)65 years and over:21.14%(male 997,359 /female 1,277,871)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
11.40
Languages
Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
Life expectancy at birth
80.80
Major urban areas - population
3.156 million ATHENS (capital), 811,000 Thessaloniki (2018)
Median age
total:44.9 yearsmale:43.8 yearsfemale:45.9 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.8 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
one-third of the population lives in and around metropolitan Athens; the remainder of the country has moderate population density mixed with sizeable urban clusters
Population growth rate
-0.07%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.44 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$35,480,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$29,640,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$29.64 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$32.91 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$35,480,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.05
Central bank discount rate
0.05
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$31,540,000,000
Exports
$31,540,000,000
Exports - partners
Italy 10.6%, Germany 7.1%, Turkey 6.8%, Cyprus 6.5%, Bulgaria 4.9%, Lebanon 4.3% (2017)
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Area
total:131,957 sq kmland:130,647 sq kmwater:1,310 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:63.4%(2011 est.)arable land:19.7%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:8.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:34.8%(2011 est.)forest:30.5%(2011 est.)other:6.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$52,270,000,000
Imports
$52,270,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 10.4%, Italy 8.2%, Russia 6.8%, Iraq 6.3%, South Korea 6.1%, China 5.4%, Netherlands 5.3%, France 4.3% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
52,050,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
56,890,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,037,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
9,833,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,753
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
3,229
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
484,300
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
8,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,984,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
5,176,475
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
12,937,106
Country Comparison :: Internet users
7,443,016
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
3,778,263
Country Comparison :: Airports
77
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,548
Country Comparison :: Waterways
6
Airports
77
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:3,778,263(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:35(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
3,229
Crude oil - imports
484,300 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
2,753 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
56,890,000,000
Electricity - exports
1,037,000,000
Electricity - imports
9,833,000,000
Electricity - production
52,050,000,000
Internet users
total: 7,443,016 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
4.984 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
8 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:2,548 km(2014)standard gauge:1,565 km1.435-m gauge (764 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:961 km1.000-m gauge(2014) 22 0.750-m gauge
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:5,176,475(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:48(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
12,937,106
Waterways
6
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Disputes - international
Greece and Turkey continue discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; the mass migration of unemployed Albanians still remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
181.80
Public debt
181.80
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.40
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
10.90
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
0.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$299,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Griechenland
6 054 907 000 EUR
7 098 075 000 EUR
17.23 %
Bekleidung
Griechenland
81 995 000 EUR
90 397 000 EUR
10.25 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
1 145 623 000 EUR
1 277 882 000 EUR
11.54 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Griechenland
503 223 000 EUR
657 979 000 EUR
30.75 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Griechenland
235 609 000 EUR
295 670 000 EUR
25.49 %
Energieversorgung
Griechenland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Griechenland
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Griechenland
104 000 EUR
99 000 EUR
-4.81 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Griechenland
33 836 000 EUR
34 391 000 EUR
1.64 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Griechenland
32 000 EUR
39 000 EUR
21.88 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
316 000 EUR
471 000 EUR
49.05 %
Getränke
Griechenland
19 904 000 EUR
22 526 000 EUR
13.17 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Griechenland
31 288 000 EUR
41 374 000 EUR
32.24 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Griechenland
211 939 000 EUR
245 923 000 EUR
16.03 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Griechenland
9 778 000 EUR
14 354 000 EUR
46.80 %
Kohle
Griechenland
10 000 EUR
18 000 EUR
80.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Griechenland
19 288 000 EUR
26 046 000 EUR
35.04 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Griechenland
384 405 000 EUR
488 233 000 EUR
27.01 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Griechenland
58 254 000 EUR
67 763 000 EUR
16.32 %
Maschinen
Griechenland
583 059 000 EUR
611 358 000 EUR
4.85 %
Metalle
Griechenland
151 568 000 EUR
204 026 000 EUR
34.61 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Griechenland
117 584 000 EUR
135 511 000 EUR
15.25 %
Möbel
Griechenland
15 385 000 EUR
22 875 000 EUR
48.68 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Griechenland
690 292 000 EUR
788 612 000 EUR
14.24 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Griechenland
128 594 000 EUR
129 559 000 EUR
0.75 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Griechenland
944 395 000 EUR
1 230 959 000 EUR
30.34 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Griechenland
281 016 000 EUR
174 754 000 EUR
-37.81 %
Sonstige Waren
Griechenland
320 497 000 EUR
437 985 000 EUR
36.66 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Griechenland
3 932 000 EUR
4 572 000 EUR
16.28 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Griechenland
44 745 000 EUR
53 213 000 EUR
18.93 %
Textilien
Griechenland
38 236 000 EUR
41 486 000 EUR
8.50 %