Iran - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Iran Iran
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Capital
name: Tehran geographic coordinates: 35 42 N, 51 25 E time difference: UTC+3.5 (8.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins fourth Wednesday in March; ends fourth Friday in September
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Iran dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
theocratic republic
Legal system
religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
28.4
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$20,100
Country Comparison :: Labor force
30,500,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.80
Labor force
30,500,000
Population below poverty line
18.7%(2007 est.)
Unemployment rate
11.8%(2017 est.)12.4%(2016 est.) note: data are Iranian Government numbers
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:28.4%male:24.2%female:43.7%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:24.23%(male 10,291,493 /female 9,823,838)15-24 years:14.05%(male 5,973,320 /female 5,689,501)25-54 years:48.86%(male 20,698,748 /female 19,863,223)55-64 years:7.39%(male 3,022,134 /female 3,113,443)65 years and over:5.48%(male 2,111,390 /female 2,437,655)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
17.4 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
5.30
Languages
Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic
Life expectancy at birth
74.20
Major urban areas - population
8.896 million TEHRAN (capital), 3.097 million Mashhad, 2.041 million Esfahan, 1.605 million Shiraz, 1.585 million Karaj, 1.582 million Tabriz (2018)
Median age
total:30.8 yearsmale:30.5 yearsfemale:31 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much lower population density
Population growth rate
1.19%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.96 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
3.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2015)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$50,330,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5,226,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5.226 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$4.656 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$50,330,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$101,400,000,000
Exports
$101,400,000,000
Exports - partners
China 27.5%, India 15.1%, South Korea 11.4%, Turkey 11.1%, Italy 5.7%, Japan 5.3% (2017)
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Area
total:1,648,195 sq kmland:1,531,595 sq kmwater:116,600 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:30.1%(2011 est.)arable land:10.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:18.1%(2011 est.)forest:6.8%(2011 est.)other:63.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$76,390,000,000
Imports
$76,390,000,000
Imports - partners
UAE 29.8%, China 12.7%, Turkey 4.4%, South Korea 4%, Germany 4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.60
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
9.60
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
272,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
236,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
6,822,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,221,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
4,469,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
750,200
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
214,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
11,640,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
3,993,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
31,182,812
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
87,106,508
Country Comparison :: Internet users
36,070,000
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
10,057,769
Country Comparison :: Airports
319
Country Comparison :: Railways
8,484
Country Comparison :: Waterways
850
Airports
319
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:10,057,769(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:12(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
750,200
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
4.469 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
236,300,000,000
Electricity - exports
6,822,000,000
Electricity - imports
4,221,000,000
Electricity - production
272,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 36.07 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
11,640,000,000
Natural gas - imports
3.993 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
214.5 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:8,484 km(2014)standard gauge:8,389.5 km1.435-m gauge (189.5 km electrified)(2014)broad gauge:94 km1.676-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
223,485
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:31,182,812(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:38(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
87,106,508
Waterways
850
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Disputes - international
Iran protests Afghanistan's limiting flow of dammed Helmand River tributaries during drought; Iraq's lack of a maritime boundary with Iran prompts jurisdiction disputes beyond the mouth of the Shatt al Arab in the Persian Gulf; Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which are occupied by Iran; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; Afghan and Iranian commissioners have discussed boundary monument densification and resurvey
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
39.50
Public debt
39.50
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.70
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
37.90
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.3% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,640,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
3.00

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Iran
1 446 625 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Iran
474 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Iran
230 156 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Iran
82 840 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Iran
65 365 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Iran
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Iran
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Iran
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Iran
269 782 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Iran
194 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Iran
99 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Iran
144 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Iran
15 553 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Iran
22 016 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Iran
1 030 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Iran
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Iran
2 558 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Iran
10 051 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Iran
98 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Iran
279 417 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Iran
16 026 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Iran
15 680 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Iran
79 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Iran
24 049 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Iran
16 699 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Iran
228 995 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Iran
9 386 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Iran
86 790 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Iran
380 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Iran
66 107 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Iran
2 657 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %