Jordanien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Jordanien Jordanien
Capital
name: Amman geographic coordinates: 31 57 N, 35 56 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in March; ends last Friday in October etymology: in the 13th century B.C., the Ammonites named their main city "Rabbath Ammon"; "rabbath" designated "capital" so the name meant "The Capital of [the] Ammon[ites]"; over time, the "Rabbath" came to be dropped and the city became known simply as "Ammon" and then "Amman"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Jordan dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 15 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Legal system
mixed system developed from codes instituted by the Ottoman Empire (based on French law), British common law, and Islamic law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total:89,342 sq kmland:88,802 sq kmwater:540 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:11.4%(2011 est.)arable land:2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:8.4%(2011 est.)forest:1.1%(2011 est.)other:87.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Age structure
0-14 years:34.14%(male 1,835,094 /female 1,735,773)15-24 years:19.98%(male 1,114,783 /female 975,086)25-54 years:37.72%(male 2,137,424 /female 1,807,573)55-64 years:4.64%(male 253,029 /female 232,652)65 years and over:3.51%(male 180,652 /female 186,347)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
23.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
3.40
Languages
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Life expectancy at birth
75.00
Major urban areas - population
2.065 million AMMAN (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:22.8 yearsmale:23.2 yearsfemale:22.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.8 years (2017/18 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population heavily concentrated in the west, and particularly the northwest, in and around the capital of Amman; a sizeable, but smaller population is located in the southwest along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Population growth rate
2.02%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.14 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
3.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2012)
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.00
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
9.10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-5.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$89,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
1.40
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
35.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$9,200
Country Comparison :: Labor force
2,295,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
18.30
Labor force
2,295,000
Population below poverty line
14.2%(2002 est.)
Unemployment rate
18.3%(2017 est.)15.3%(2016 est.) note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:35.6%male:31.5%female:57%(2016 est.)
Country Comparison :: Public debt
95.90
Public debt
95.90
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.30
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.75
Central bank discount rate
3.75
Country Comparison :: Exports
$7,511,000,000
Exports
$7,511,000,000
Exports - partners
US 24.9%, Saudi Arabia 12.8%, India 8.2%, Iraq 8.2%, Kuwait 5.4%, UAE 4.6% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Imports
$18,210,000,000
Imports
$18,210,000,000
Imports - partners
China 13.6%, Saudi Arabia 13.6%, US 9.9%, UAE 4.9%, Germany 4.4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,830,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$646,500,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$646.5 million(31 December 2017 est.)$612.5 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$33,830,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
18,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
16,820,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
50,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
334,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
22
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
67,980
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
121,800,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
1,359,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
6,456,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
404,112
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
9,818,446
Country Comparison :: Internet users
5,099,674
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
456,610
Country Comparison :: Airports
18
Country Comparison :: Railways
509
Country Comparison :: Roadways
7,203
Airports
18
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:456,610(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
67,980 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
22 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
16,820,000,000
Electricity - exports
50,000,000
Electricity - imports
334,000,000
Electricity - production
18,600,000,000
Internet users
total: 5,099,674 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
1,359,000,000
Natural gas - imports
6.456 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
121.8 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:509 km(2014)narrow gauge:509 km1.050-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
7,203
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:404,112(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:4(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
9,818,446
Disputes - international
2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Jordanien
624 942 000 EUR
770 838 000 EUR
23.35 %
Bekleidung
Jordanien
4 481 000 EUR
5 493 000 EUR
22.58 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
61 163 000 EUR
73 731 000 EUR
20.55 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Jordanien
45 988 000 EUR
58 557 000 EUR
27.33 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Jordanien
22 692 000 EUR
24 677 000 EUR
8.75 %
Energieversorgung
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Jordanien
1 255 000 EUR
1 012 000 EUR
-19.36 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Jordanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
9 000 EUR
72 000 EUR
700.00 %
Getränke
Jordanien
1 316 000 EUR
1 597 000 EUR
21.35 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Jordanien
6 656 000 EUR
9 111 000 EUR
36.88 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Jordanien
20 337 000 EUR
22 933 000 EUR
12.76 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Jordanien
6 301 000 EUR
8 156 000 EUR
29.44 %
Kohle
Jordanien
54 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Jordanien
12 671 000 EUR
10 768 000 EUR
-15.02 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Jordanien
115 281 000 EUR
171 952 000 EUR
49.16 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Jordanien
543 000 EUR
864 000 EUR
59.12 %
Maschinen
Jordanien
91 165 000 EUR
121 000 000 EUR
32.73 %
Metalle
Jordanien
26 430 000 EUR
13 305 000 EUR
-49.66 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Jordanien
16 421 000 EUR
13 719 000 EUR
-16.45 %
Möbel
Jordanien
2 333 000 EUR
2 887 000 EUR
23.75 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Jordanien
25 403 000 EUR
35 247 000 EUR
38.75 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Jordanien
10 357 000 EUR
12 550 000 EUR
21.17 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Jordanien
69 673 000 EUR
82 486 000 EUR
18.39 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Jordanien
23 708 000 EUR
21 563 000 EUR
-9.05 %
Sonstige Waren
Jordanien
48 245 000 EUR
68 397 000 EUR
41.77 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Jordanien
328 000 EUR
412 000 EUR
25.61 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Jordanien
9 197 000 EUR
6 492 000 EUR
-29.41 %
Textilien
Jordanien
2 935 000 EUR
3 857 000 EUR
31.41 %