Panama - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Panama
449 509 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Panama
1 749 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Panama
33 877 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Panama
19 644 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Panama
27 582 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Panama
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Panama
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Panama
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Panama
30 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Panama
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Panama
10 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Panama
2 206 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Panama
2 627 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Panama
9 791 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Panama
148 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Panama
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Panama
1 843 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Panama
29 240 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Panama
5 309 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Panama
57 008 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Panama
3 796 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Panama
8 273 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Panama
1 003 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Panama
8 461 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Panama
1 679 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Panama
211 804 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Panama
2 476 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Panama
20 063 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Panama
90 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Panama
16 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Panama
784 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Panama Panama
Capital
name: Panama City

geographic coordinates: 8 58 N, 79 32 W

time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: according to tradition, the name derives from a former fishing area near the present capital - an indigenous village and its adjacent beach - that were called "panama" meaning "an abundance of fish"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: yes

citizenship by descent only: yes

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Justice
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 75,420 sq km

land: 74,340 sq km

water: 1,080 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 30.5% (2018 est.)

arable land: 7.3% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 2.5% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 20.7% (2018 est.)

forest: 43.6% (2018 est.)

other: 25.9% (2018 est.)
Location
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.19% (male 569,439/female 540,143)

15-64 years: 64.87% (male 1,444,638/female 1,412,319)

65 years and over: 9.94% (2023 est.) (male 204,156/female 233,413)
Birth rate
17.7 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Spanish (official), indigenous languages (including Ngabere (or Guaymi), Buglere, Kuna, Embera, Wounaan, Naso (or Teribe), and Bri Bri), Panamanian English Creole (similar to Jamaican English Creole; a mixture of English and Spanish with elements of Ngabere; also known as Guari Guari and Colon Creole), English, Chinese (Yue and Hakka), Arabic, French Creole, other (Yiddish, Hebrew, Korean, Japanese); note - many Panamanians are bilingual

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 78.4 years (2023 est.)

male: 75.6 years

female: 81.5 years
Major urban areas - population
1.977 million PANAMA CITY (capital) (2023)
Median age
total: 31.2 years (2023 est.)

male: 30.8 years

female: 31.6 years
Net migration rate
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
population is concentrated towards the center of the country, particularly around the Canal, but a sizeable segment of the populace also lives in the far west around David; the eastern third of the country is sparsely inhabited
Population growth rate
1.51% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.37 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 69.5% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.92% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
3.9% of GDP (2020 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years

male: 12 years

female: 13 years (2016)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
37.5% (2021 est.)
Labor force
1.966 million (2021 est.)

note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor
Population below poverty line
22.1% (2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
12.09% (2021 est.)

12.85% (2020 est.)

4.73% (2019 est.)
Public debt
37.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

37.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.63% (2021 est.)

-1.55% (2020 est.)

-0.36% (2019 est.)
Exports
$27.237 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$20.179 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$28.622 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

note: includes the Colon Free Zone
Exports - partners
Ecuador 20%, Guatemala 14%, China 8%, United States 6%, Netherlands 6% (2019)
Imports
$24.627 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$17.502 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$27.599 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

note: includes the Colon Free Zone
Imports - partners
China 21%, United States 19%, Japan 16%, Colombia 6%, Ecuador 5% (2019)
Airports
117 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 562,413 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 13 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 2.992 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 68% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 77 km (2014)

standard gauge: 77 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 790,486 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 18 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 6,003,255 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 138 (2021 est.)
Waterways
800 km (2011) (includes the 82-km Panama Canal that is being widened)
Disputes - international

Panama-Colombia: organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia operate within the remote border region with Panama

Panama-Costa Rica: none identified