Polen - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Polen Polen
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Capital
name: Warsaw geographic coordinates: 52 15 N, 21 00 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Poland dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system; judicial review of legislative, administrative, and other governmental acts; constitutional law rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
14.8
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$29,600
Country Comparison :: Labor force
17,600,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
Labor force
17,600,000
Population below poverty line
17.6%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.9%(2017 est.)6.2%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:14.8%male:14.6%female:15.1%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:14.8%(male 2,924,077 /female 2,762,634)15-24 years:10.34%(male 2,040,043 /female 1,932,009)25-54 years:43.44%(male 8,431,045 /female 8,260,124)55-64 years:13.95%(male 2,538,566 /female 2,819,544)65 years and over:17.47%(male 2,663,364 /female 4,049,281)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
9.3 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
10.50
Languages
Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.) note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages
Life expectancy at birth
77.90
Major urban areas - population
1.768 million WARSAW (capital), 767,000 Krakow (2018)
Median age
total:41.1 yearsmale:39.4 yearsfemale:42.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.4 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Population distribution
population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk
Population growth rate
-0.16%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.36 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.25% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
4.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 17 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$282,600,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$72,870,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$72.87 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$64.52 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$282,600,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.50
Central bank discount rate
1.50
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$224,600,000,000
Exports
$224,600,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 27.4%, Czech Republic 6.4%, UK 6.4%, France 5.6%, Italy 4.9%, Netherlands 4.4% (2017)
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Area
total:312,685 sq kmland:304,255 sq kmwater:8,430 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:48.2%(2011 est.)arable land:36.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:10.7%(2011 est.)forest:30.6%(2011 est.)other:21.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Central Europe, east of Germany
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$223,800,000,000
Imports
$223,800,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 27.9%, China 8%, Russia 6.4%, Netherlands 6%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
156,900,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
149,400,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
12,020,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
14,020,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
20,070
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
4,451
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
493,100
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
5,748,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
1,246,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
15,720,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
8,143,145
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
49,828,596
Country Comparison :: Internet users
28,237,820
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,053,333
Country Comparison :: Airports
126
Country Comparison :: Railways
19,231
Country Comparison :: Roadways
420,000
Country Comparison :: Waterways
3,997
Airports
126
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7,053,333(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
4,451
Crude oil - imports
493,100 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production
20,070 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
149,400,000,000
Electricity - exports
12,020,000,000
Electricity - imports
14,020,000,000
Electricity - production
156,900,000,000
Internet users
total: 28,237,820 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
1,246,000,000
Natural gas - imports
15.72 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
5.748 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:19,231 km(2016)standard gauge:18,836 km1.435-m gauge (11,874 km electrified)(2016)broad gauge:395 km1.524-m gauge(2016)
Roadways
420,000
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:8,143,145(July 2016 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:24(July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
49,828,596
Waterways
3,997
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Disputes - international
as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Poland has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its eastern borders with Belarus and Ukraine
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
50.60
Public debt
50.60
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.70
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
20.00
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-1.7% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,126,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
7.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Polen
78 111 202 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Polen
2 913 415 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Polen
9 530 057 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Polen
6 285 112 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Polen
4 701 596 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Polen
791 573 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Polen
13 511 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Polen
7 764 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Polen
668 797 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Polen
4 823 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Polen
25 988 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Polen
240 409 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Polen
1 104 279 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Polen
3 850 258 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Polen
445 897 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Polen
22 991 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Polen
1 240 133 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Polen
8 145 201 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Polen
1 319 892 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Polen
8 833 202 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Polen
5 093 439 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Polen
3 372 859 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Polen
570 326 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Polen
4 344 901 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Polen
2 488 501 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Polen
2 412 775 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Polen
858 112 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Polen
7 332 422 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Polen
108 282 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Polen
192 820 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Polen
1 191 867 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %