Saudi-Arabien - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Saudi-Arabien
6 710 763 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Saudi-Arabien
24 444 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
959 632 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Saudi-Arabien
463 322 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Saudi-Arabien
385 268 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Saudi-Arabien
292 367 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
5 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
658 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Saudi-Arabien
6 775 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Saudi-Arabien
99 006 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Saudi-Arabien
163 691 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Saudi-Arabien
61 163 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Saudi-Arabien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
13 678 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Saudi-Arabien
1 180 007 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Saudi-Arabien
10 325 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Saudi-Arabien
1 137 969 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Saudi-Arabien
112 283 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
128 489 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Saudi-Arabien
60 784 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Saudi-Arabien
285 321 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Saudi-Arabien
62 246 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
747 113 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Saudi-Arabien
90 176 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Saudi-Arabien
359 388 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
3 583 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Saudi-Arabien
35 441 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Saudi-Arabien
27 629 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Saudi-Arabien Saudi-Arabien
Capital
name: Riyadh

geographic coordinates: 24 39 N, 46 42 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: the name derives from the Arabic word "riyadh," meaning "gardens," and refers to various oasis towns in the area that merged to form the city
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Saudi Arabia; a child born out of wedlock in Saudi Arabia to a Saudi mother and unknown father

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal system
Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note - several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal for municipal elections

https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/saudi-women-go-to-the-polls-finally
Area
total: 2,149,690 sq km

land: 2,149,690 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 80.7% (2018 est.)

arable land: 1.5% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0.1% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 79.1% (2018 est.)

forest: 0.5% (2018 est.)

other: 18.8% (2018 est.)
Location
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Age structure
0-14 years: 23.45% (male 4,298,399/female 4,130,547)

15-64 years: 72.36% (male 15,251,742/female 10,752,649)

65 years and over: 4.19% (2023 est.) (male 799,270/female 707,199)
Birth rate
13.9 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official)

major-language sample(s):
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.9 years (2023 est.)

male: 75.3 years

female: 78.6 years
Major urban areas - population
7.682 million RIYADH (capital), 4.863 million Jeddah, 2.150 million Mecca, 1.573 million Medina, 1.329 million Ad Dammam, 872,000 million Hufuf-Mubarraz (2023)
Median age
total: 32 years (2023 est.)

male: 34.2 years

female: 29 years
Net migration rate
6.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
historically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities - and with it the country's population - is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Sea
Population growth rate
1.65% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.89 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 85% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.69% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
7.8% of GDP (2020) NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years

male: 17 years

female: 16 years (2021)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-8.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
1.71% (2021 est.)
Labor force
16.06 million (2021 est.)

note: comprised of 3.1 million Saudis and 10.7 million non-Saudis
Population below poverty line
NA
Unemployment rate
7.36% (2021 est.)

7.45% (2020 est.)

5.67% (2019 est.)

note: data are for total population; unemployment among Saudi nationals is more than double
Public debt
17.2% of GDP (2017 est.)

13.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.06% (2021 est.)

3.45% (2020 est.)

-2.09% (2019 est.)
Exports
$286.502 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$182.848 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$285.86 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
China 19%, India 10%, Japan 9%, South Korea 8%, United Arab Emirates 5% (2021)
Imports
$213.016 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$182.184 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$218.941 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
China 19%, United Arab Emirates 15%, United States 8%, India 6%, Germany 4% (2021)
Airports
214 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 7,890,261 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 36 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 100% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 5,410 km (2016)

standard gauge: 5,410 km (2016) 1.435-m gauge (with branch lines and sidings)
Roadways
total: 221,372 km (2006)

paved: 47,529 km (2006) (includes 3,891 km of expressways)

unpaved: 173,843 km (2006)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 6,594,631 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 18 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 45,427,321 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 126 (2021 est.)
Disputes - international

Saudi Arabia-Bahrain: none identified

Saudi Arabia-Iraq:  Saudi Arabia has been building a fence along its border with Iraq to keep out militants and smugglers

Saudi Arabia-Jordan: Jordan and Saudi Arabia signed an agreement to demarcate their maritime borders in 2007

Saudi Arabia-Kuwait: Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue discussions on a maritime boundary with Iran; in December 2019, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait signed an agreement to demarcate land in a neutral zone and to restart oil production in shared fields, which had been suspended since 2014 because of disagreements

Saudi Arabia-Oman: none identified

Saudi Arabia-Qatar: none identified

Saudi Arabia-UAE: Saudi Arabia and UAE have disputed the Shaybah oilfield, which Saudi Arabia controls

Saudi Arabia-Yemen: the two countries signed the Treaty of Jeddah in 2000, which specified the coordinates of their land and maritime border and made provisions for grazing, the placement of armed forces, and future resource exploitation; in 2010, Saudi Arabia reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the now fully demarcated border with Yemen to stem illegal crossborder activities