Usbekistan - Daten & Fakten

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Usbekistan
1 314 208 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Usbekistan
4 140 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
69 810 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Usbekistan
58 612 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Usbekistan
41 296 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Usbekistan
2 784 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
15 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Usbekistan
3 889 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Usbekistan
7 306 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Usbekistan
21 654 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Usbekistan
1 137 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Usbekistan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
21 154 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Usbekistan
107 896 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Usbekistan
1 404 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Usbekistan
276 836 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Usbekistan
16 702 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
15 783 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Usbekistan
877 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Usbekistan
21 910 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Usbekistan
15 052 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Usbekistan
74 757 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Usbekistan
492 480 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Usbekistan
45 217 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
374 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Usbekistan
3 091 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Usbekistan
10 032 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Usbekistan Usbekistan
Capital
name: Tashkent (Toshkent)

geographic coordinates: 41 19 N, 69 15 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

etymology: tash means "stone" and kent means "city" in Turkic languages, so the name simply denotes "stone city"
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Uzbekistan

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal system
civil law system; note - in early 2020, the president signed an amendment to the criminal code, criminal procedure code, and code of administrative responsibility; a constitutional referendum passed in April 2023 included criminal code reforms
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Area
total: 447,400 sq km

land: 425,400 sq km

water: 22,000 sq km
Land use
agricultural land: 62.6% (2018 est.)

arable land: 10.1% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0.8% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 51.7% (2018 est.)

forest: 7.7% (2018 est.)

other: 29.7% (2018 est.)
Location
Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan
Age structure
0-14 years: 22.48% (male 3,612,997/female 3,437,866)

15-64 years: 70.64% (male 11,055,763/female 11,097,841)

65 years and over: 6.88% (2023 est.) (male 933,134/female 1,223,235)
Birth rate
22.2 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Languages
Uzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

major-language sample(s):
Jahon faktlari kitobi, asosiy ma'lumotlar uchun zaruriy manba. (Uzbek)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

note: in the semi-autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan, both the Karakalpak language and Uzbek have official status
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.8 years (2023 est.)

male: 73.2 years

female: 78.6 years
Major urban areas - population
2.603 million TASHKENT (capital) (2023)
Median age
total: 28.7 years (2023 est.)

male: 27.9 years

female: 29.5 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.7 years (2019 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Population distribution
most of the population is concentrated in the fertile Fergana Valley in the easternmost arm of the country; the south has significant clusters of people, while the central and western deserts are sparsely populated
Population growth rate
1.61% (2023 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.92 children born/woman (2023 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 50.5% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.25% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2020 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years

male: 12 years

female: 12 years (2021)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
0.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
Industrial production growth rate
8.37% (2021 est.)
Labor force
14.094 million (2021 est.)
Population below poverty line
14.1% (2013 est.)
Unemployment rate
7.16% (2021 est.)

7.04% (2020 est.)

5.85% (2019 est.)

note: official data; another 20% are underemployed
Public debt
24.3% of GDP (2017 est.)

10.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
10.85% (2021 est.)

12.87% (2020 est.)

14.53% (2019 est.)

note: official data; based on independent analysis of consumer prices, inflation reached 22% in 2012
Exports
$16.399 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$14.532 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$16.993 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Exports - partners
Switzerland 19%, United Kingdom 17%, Russia 15%, China 14%, Kazakhstan 9%, Turkey 8%, Kyrgyzstan 5% (2019)
Imports
$27.774 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$22.56 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

$26.551 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
Imports - partners
China 23%, Russia 18%, South Korea 11%, Kazakhstan 9%, Turkey 6%, Germany 5% (2019)
Airports
53 (2021)
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total: 4,820,009 (2020 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 14 (2020 est.)
Internet users
total: 26.18 million (2021 est.)

percent of population: 77% (2021 est.)
Railways
total: 4,642 km (2018)

broad gauge: 4,642 km (2018) 1.520-m gauge (1,684 km electrified)
Roadways
total: 86,496 km (2000)

paved: 75,511 km (2000)

unpaved: 10,985 km (2000)
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions: 3,470,097 (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 17 (2021 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
total subscriptions: 35 million (2021 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 100 (2021 est.)
Waterways
1,100 km (2012)
Disputes - international

Uzbekistan-Afghanistan: none identified

Uzbekistan-Kazakhstan: field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2004; disputed territory is held by Uzbekistan, but the overwhelming majority of residents are ethnic Kazakhs; the two countries agreed on draft final demarcation documents in March 2022 and signed an agreement demarcating their border in December 2022 

Uzbekistan-Kyrgyzstan: border delimitation of 130 km of border with Kyrgyzstan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas; in 2021, border talks between Uzbek and Kyrgyz officials raised the possibility of a land swap arrangement, but a deal was not finalized

Uzbekistan-Tajikistan: none identified

Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan: prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan created water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states; in 2021, the two countries reached an agreement to create a joint intergovernmental commission to oversee water management