Südafrika - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Südafrika Südafrika
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Capital
name: Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital) geographic coordinates: 25 42 S, 28 13 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of South Africa dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission of the government residency requirement for naturalization: 1 year
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and customary law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
53.4
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$13,600
Country Comparison :: Labor force
22,190,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
27.50
Labor force
22,190,000
Population below poverty line
16.6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment rate
27.5%(2017 est.)26.7%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:53.4%male:49.2%female:58.8%(2018 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:28.18%(male 7,815,651 /female 7,793,261)15-24 years:17.24%(male 4,711,480 /female 4,837,897)25-54 years:42.05%(male 11,782,848 /female 11,503,831)55-64 years:6.71%(male 1,725,034 /female 1,992,035)65 years and over:5.81%(male 1,351,991 /female 1,866,182)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
19.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
9.30
Languages
isiZulu (official) 24.7%, isiXhosa (official) 15.6%, Afrikaans (official) 12.1%, Sepedi (official) 9.8%, Setswana (official) 8.9%, English (official) 8.4%, Sesotho (official) 8%, Xitsonga (official) 4%, siSwati (official) 2.6%, Tshivenda (official) 2.5%, isiNdebele (official) 1.6%, other (includes Khoi, Nama, and San languages) 1.9% (2017 est.) note: data represent language spoken most often at home
Life expectancy at birth
64.10
Major urban areas - population
9.227 million Johannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni), 4.43 million Cape Town (legislative capital), 3.134 million Durban, 2.378 million PRETORIA (capital), 1.231 million Port Elizabeth, 765,000 Vereeniging (2018)
Median age
total:27.4 yearsmale:27.2 yearsfemale:27.6 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the population concentrated along the southern and southeastern coast, and inland around Pretoria; the eastern half of the country is more densly populated than the west
Population growth rate
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.26 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
6.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 14 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$156,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$270,300,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$270.3 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$172.8 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$156,800,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.75
Central bank discount rate
5.75
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$94,930,000,000
Exports
$94,930,000,000
Exports - partners
China 9.5%, US 7.7%, Germany 7.1%, Japan 4.7%, India 4.6%, Botswana 4.3%, Namibia 4.1% (2017)
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Area
total:1,219,090 sq kmland:1,214,470 sq kmwater:4,620 sq km note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
Land use
agricultural land:79.4%(2011 est.)arable land:9.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:69.2%(2011 est.)forest:7.6%(2011 est.)other:13%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$89,360,000,000
Imports
$89,360,000,000
Imports - partners
China 18.3%, Germany 11.9%, US 6.6%, Saudi Arabia 4.7%, India 4.7% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
5.30
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
234,500,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
207,100,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
16,550,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
10,560,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
404,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
906,100,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
4,162,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,629,141
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
91,878,275
Country Comparison :: Internet users
29,322,380
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
1,698,360
Country Comparison :: Airports
566
Country Comparison :: Railways
20,986
Airports
566
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:1,698,360(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:3(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
404,000 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
2,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
207,100,000,000
Electricity - exports
16,550,000,000
Electricity - imports
10,560,000,000
Electricity - production
234,500,000,000
Internet users
total: 29,322,380 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
4.162 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
906.1 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:20,986 km(2014)standard gauge:80 km1.435-m gauge (80 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:19,756 km1.065-m gauge (8,271 km electrified)(2014)other:1,150 km (passenger rail, gauge unspecified, 1,115.5 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,629,141(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
91,878,275
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Disputes - international
South Africa has placed military units to assist police operations along the border of Lesotho, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to control smuggling, poaching, and illegal migration; the governments of South Africa and Namibia have not signed or ratified the text of the 1994 Surveyor's General agreement placing the boundary in the middle of the Orange River
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
53.00
Public debt
53.00
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.30
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
16.10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-4.4% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$767,200,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
1.20

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Südafrika
6 540 556 000 EUR
7 985 733 000 EUR
22.10 %
Bekleidung
Südafrika
7 774 000 EUR
9 649 000 EUR
24.12 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
1 048 165 000 EUR
1 357 494 000 EUR
29.51 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Südafrika
527 439 000 EUR
615 845 000 EUR
16.76 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Südafrika
441 933 000 EUR
553 002 000 EUR
25.13 %
Energieversorgung
Südafrika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Südafrika
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Südafrika
1 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Südafrika
54 473 000 EUR
18 261 000 EUR
-66.48 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Südafrika
15 000 EUR
14 000 EUR
-6.67 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
421 000 EUR
352 000 EUR
-16.39 %
Getränke
Südafrika
14 051 000 EUR
33 231 000 EUR
136.50 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Südafrika
70 055 000 EUR
98 281 000 EUR
40.29 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Südafrika
238 491 000 EUR
325 739 000 EUR
36.58 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Südafrika
10 492 000 EUR
11 133 000 EUR
6.11 %
Kohle
Südafrika
8 000 EUR
17 000 EUR
112.50 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Südafrika
28 486 000 EUR
32 961 000 EUR
15.71 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Südafrika
1 678 328 000 EUR
2 109 859 000 EUR
25.71 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Südafrika
5 633 000 EUR
8 204 000 EUR
45.64 %
Maschinen
Südafrika
1 116 435 000 EUR
1 311 646 000 EUR
17.49 %
Metalle
Südafrika
215 520 000 EUR
282 030 000 EUR
30.86 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Südafrika
202 072 000 EUR
217 839 000 EUR
7.80 %
Möbel
Südafrika
12 687 000 EUR
15 607 000 EUR
23.02 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Südafrika
132 984 000 EUR
136 122 000 EUR
2.36 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Südafrika
136 001 000 EUR
159 549 000 EUR
17.31 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Südafrika
254 296 000 EUR
346 925 000 EUR
36.43 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Südafrika
36 315 000 EUR
30 918 000 EUR
-14.86 %
Sonstige Waren
Südafrika
259 264 000 EUR
249 623 000 EUR
-3.72 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Südafrika
2 064 000 EUR
2 347 000 EUR
13.71 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Südafrika
495 000 EUR
673 000 EUR
35.96 %
Textilien
Südafrika
46 658 000 EUR
58 412 000 EUR
25.19 %