Simbabwe - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Simbabwe Simbabwe
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Capital
name: Harare geographic coordinates: 17 49 S, 31 02 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Zimbabwe; in the case of a child born out of wedlock, the mother must be a citizen dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Legal system
mixed legal system of English common law, Roman-Dutch civil law, and customary law
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
16.5
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$2,300
Country Comparison :: Labor force
7,907,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
11.30
Labor force
7,907,000
Population below poverty line
72.3%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
11.3%(2014 est.)80%(2005 est.) note: data include both unemployment and underemployment; true unemployment is unknown and, under current economic conditions, unknowable
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:16.5%male:11.6%female:21.2%(2014 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:38.62%(male 2,681,192 /female 2,736,876)15-24 years:20.42%(male 1,403,715 /female 1,461,168)25-54 years:32.22%(male 2,286,915 /female 2,234,158)55-64 years:4.24%(male 233,021 /female 361,759)65 years and over:4.5%(male 255,704 /female 375,860)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
34 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
9.90
Languages
Shona (official; most widely spoken), Ndebele (official, second most widely spoken), English (official; traditionally used for official business), 13 minority languages (official; includes Chewa, Chibarwe, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa)
Life expectancy at birth
61.10
Major urban areas - population
1.515 million HARARE (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:20.2 yearsmale:19.9 yearsfemale:20.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
-7.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
Aside from major urban agglomerations in Harare and Bulawayo, population distribution is fairly even, with slightly greater overall numbers in the eastern half
Population growth rate
1.68%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.97 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 2.19% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
7.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 10 years (2013)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,860,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$309,600,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$309.6 million(31 December 2017 est.)$271.6 million(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$3,860,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
7.17
Central bank discount rate
7.17
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$4,353,000,000
Exports
$4,353,000,000
Exports - partners
South Africa 50.3%, Mozambique 22.5%, UAE 9.8%, Zambia 4.9% (2017)
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Area
total:390,757 sq kmland:386,847 sq kmwater:3,910 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:42.5%(2011 est.)arable land:10.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.3%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:31.3%(2011 est.)forest:39.5%(2011 est.)other:18%(2011 est.)
Location
Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$5,472,000,000
Imports
$5,472,000,000
Imports - partners
South Africa 47.8%, Zambia 20.5% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.90
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.90
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
6,800,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
7,118,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,239,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2,220,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
264,150
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
14,092,104
Country Comparison :: Internet users
3,363,256
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
187,310
Country Comparison :: Airports
196
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,427
Airports
196
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:187,310(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:1(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
0
Crude oil - imports
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
7,118,000,000
Electricity - exports
1,239,000,000
Electricity - imports
2,220,000,000
Electricity - production
6,800,000,000
Internet users
total: 3,363,256 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
0
Natural gas - imports
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:3,427 km(2014)narrow gauge:3,427 km1.067-m gauge (313 km electrified)(2014)
Roadways

Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:264,150(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:2(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
14,092,104
Waterways
(some navigation possible on Lake Kariba) (2011)
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Disputes - international
Namibia has supported, and in 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary in the river; South Africa has placed military units to assist police operations along the border of Lesotho, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to control smuggling, poaching, and illegal migration
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
82.30
Public debt
82.30
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.70
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
23.30
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-9.6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$34,270,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
0.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Simbabwe
42 584 000 EUR
38 892 000 EUR
-8.67 %
Bekleidung
Simbabwe
70 000 EUR
39 000 EUR
-44.29 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Simbabwe
5 394 000 EUR
6 268 000 EUR
16.20 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Simbabwe
1 914 000 EUR
1 603 000 EUR
-16.25 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Simbabwe
1 087 000 EUR
1 360 000 EUR
25.11 %
Energieversorgung
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Simbabwe
80 000 EUR
171 000 EUR
113.75 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Simbabwe
1 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
100.00 %
Getränke
Simbabwe
23 000 EUR
13 000 EUR
-43.48 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Simbabwe
49 000 EUR
52 000 EUR
6.12 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Simbabwe
515 000 EUR
624 000 EUR
21.17 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Simbabwe
1 959 000 EUR
1 811 000 EUR
-7.55 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Simbabwe
19 000 EUR
4 000 EUR
-78.95 %
Maschinen
Simbabwe
7 831 000 EUR
12 379 000 EUR
58.08 %
Metalle
Simbabwe
206 000 EUR
535 000 EUR
159.71 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Simbabwe
839 000 EUR
1 299 000 EUR
54.83 %
Möbel
Simbabwe
1 000 EUR
26 000 EUR
2 500.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Simbabwe
104 000 EUR
415 000 EUR
299.04 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Simbabwe
438 000 EUR
504 000 EUR
15.07 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Simbabwe
997 000 EUR
2 037 000 EUR
104.31 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Simbabwe
0 EUR
3 000 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Simbabwe
20 881 000 EUR
9 602 000 EUR
-54.02 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Simbabwe
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Simbabwe
176 000 EUR
145 000 EUR
-17.61 %