Rumänien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge:    Rumänien Rumänien
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Capital
name: Bucharest geographic coordinates: 44 26 N, 26 06 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Citizenship
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Romania dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
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Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
18.3
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$24,600
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,951,000
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
Labor force
8,951,000
Population below poverty line
22.4%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate
4.9%(2017 est.)5.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:18.3%male:18.1%female:18.6%(2017 est.)
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Age structure
0-14 years:14.31%(male 1,576,621 /female 1,493,082)15-24 years:10.45%(male 1,151,312 /female 1,091,956)25-54 years:46.11%(male 5,010,272 /female 4,883,090)55-64 years:12.37%(male 1,244,669 /female 1,409,854)65 years and over:16.76%(male 1,454,320 /female 2,141,940)(2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.7 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate
12.00
Languages
Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
75.60
Major urban areas - population
1.821 million BUCHAREST (capital) (2018)
Median age
total:41.6 yearsmale:40.2 yearsfemale:43 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
urbanization is not particularly high, and a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; Hungarians, the country's largest minority, have a particularly strong presence in eastern Transylvania
Population growth rate
-0.35%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.36 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: -0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
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Education expenditures
3.10
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2016)
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Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$94,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6,822,000,000
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6.822 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$5.963 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$94,000,000,000
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Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.75
Central bank discount rate
1.75
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Country Comparison :: Exports
$64,580,000,000
Exports
$64,580,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 23%, Italy 11.2%, France 6.8%, Hungary 4.7%, UK 4.1% (2017)
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Area
total:238,391 sq kmland:229,891 sq kmwater:8,500 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:60.7%(2011 est.)arable land:39.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.9%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:19.7%(2011 est.)forest:28.7%(2011 est.)other:10.6%(2011 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
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Country Comparison :: Imports
$78,120,000,000
Imports
$78,120,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 20%, Italy 10%, Hungary 7.5%, Poland 5.5%, France 5.3%, China 5%, Netherlands 4% (2017)
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Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
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Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
61,780,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
49,640,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
11,220,000,000
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
4,177,000,000
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
73,740
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2,076
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
145,300
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
10,870,000,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
22,650,000
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
1,218,000,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,890,000
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
22,550,000
Country Comparison :: Internet users
12,852,696
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
4,780,000
Country Comparison :: Airports
45
Country Comparison :: Railways
11,268
Country Comparison :: Roadways
84,185
Country Comparison :: Waterways
1,731
Airports
45
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:4.78 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:22(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports
2,076
Crude oil - imports
145,300 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production
73,740 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption
49,640,000,000
Electricity - exports
11,220,000,000
Electricity - imports
4,177,000,000
Electricity - production
61,780,000,000
Internet users
total: 12,852,696 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports
22,650,000
Natural gas - imports
1.218 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production
10.87 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways
total:11,268 km(2014)standard gauge:10,781 km1.435-m gauge (3,292 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:427 km0.760-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:60 km1.524-m gauge(2014)
Roadways
84,185
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3.89 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
22,550,000
Waterways
1,731
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Disputes - international
the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
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Country Comparison :: Public debt
36.80
Public debt
36.80
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Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
6.90
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
21.10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)
-2.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$483,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate
5.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Rumänien
18 274 922 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Rumänien
285 427 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
1 531 529 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Rumänien
2 066 654 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Rumänien
2 256 204 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Rumänien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Rumänien
68 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Rumänien
410 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Rumänien
99 911 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Rumänien
58 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
13 897 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Rumänien
58 378 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Rumänien
146 016 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Rumänien
897 990 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Rumänien
86 384 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Rumänien
159 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Rumänien
71 931 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Rumänien
2 560 812 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Rumänien
124 604 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Rumänien
2 269 073 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Rumänien
876 414 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Rumänien
855 560 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Rumänien
90 370 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Rumänien
1 092 502 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Rumänien
207 302 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Rumänien
1 126 440 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Rumänien
118 107 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Rumänien
991 314 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbaürzeugnisse
Rumänien
9 485 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Rumänien
68 109 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Rumänien
369 814 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %