Großbritannien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Großbritannien Großbritannien
Hauptstadt
name: London geographic coordinates: 51 30 N, 0 05 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October note: applies to the United Kingdom proper, not to its crown dependencies or overseas territories
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the United Kingdom dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
parliamentary constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Legal system
common law system; has nonbinding judicial review of Acts of Parliament under the Human Rights Act of 1998
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
12.1
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$44,300
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
33,500,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.40
2017 est.
Labor force
33,500,000
Population below poverty line
15%(2013 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.4%(2017 est.)4.9%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:12.1%male:13.5%female:10.6%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:17.59%(male 5,871,268 /female 5,582,107)15-24 years:11.71%(male 3,895,850 /female 3,726,311)25-54 years:40.29%(male 13,387,119 /female 12,843,549)55-64 years:12.22%(male 3,936,466 /female 4,022,245)65 years and over:18.19%(male 5,321,392 /female 6,518,939)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
12 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.40
Languages
English, Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 speakers in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 people in Cornwall) (2012 est.) note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
80.90
Major urban areas - population
9.046 million LONDON (capital), 2.69 million Manchester, 2.57 million Birmingham, 1.864 million West Yorkshire, 1.661 million Glasgow, 912,000 Southampton/Portsmouth (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:40.5 yearsmale:39.3 yearsfemale:41.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.5 years (2014 est.)
Net migration rate   (migrant(s)/1,000 population)
2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Population distribution
the core of the population lies in and around London, with significant clusters found in central Britain around Manchester and Liverpool, in the Scotish lowlands between Endinburgh and Glasgow, southern Wales in and around Cardiff, and far eastern Northern Ireland centered on Belfast
Population growth rate   (%)
0.51%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.88 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.89% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.50
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 20 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$2,078,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$2,110,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$2.11 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$1.611 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$2,078,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.25
31 December 2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$441,200,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$441,200,000,000
Exports - partners
US 13.2%, Germany 10.5%, France 7.4%, Netherlands 6.2%, Ireland 5.6%, China 4.8%, Switzerland 4.5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:243,610 sq kmland:241,930 sq kmwater:1,680 sq km note 1: the percentage area breakdown of the four UK countries is: England 53%, Scotland 32%, Wales 9%, and Northern Ireland 6%note 2: includes Rockall and the Shetland Islands, which are part of Scotland
Land use
agricultural land:71%(2011 est.)arable land:25.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.2%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:45.7%(2011 est.)forest:11.9%(2011 est.)other:17.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Western Europe, islands - including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland - between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea; northwest of France
Country Comparison :: Imports
$615,900,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$615,900,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 13.7%, US 9.5%, China 9.3%, Netherlands 8%, France 5.4%, Belgium 5% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.70
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.70
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
318,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
309,200,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2,153,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
19,700,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
910,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
710,600
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
907,100
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
42,110,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
11,270,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
47,000,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
33,140,662
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
79,173,658
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
61,064,454
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
26,015,818
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
460
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
16,837
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
394,428
2009
Country Comparison :: Waterways
3,200
2009
Airports
460
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:26,015,818(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:40(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
710,600
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
907,100 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
910,500 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
309,200,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
2,153,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
19,700,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
318,200,000,000
Internet users
total: 61,064,454 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
11,270,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
47 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
42.11 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:16,837 km(2015)standard gauge:16,534 km1.435-m gauge (5,357 km electrified)(2015)broad gauge:303 km1.600-m gauge (in Northern Ireland)(2015)
Roadways   (km)
394,428
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:33,140,662(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:50(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
79,173,658
Waterways   (km)
3,200
Disputes - international
in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement between the UK and Spain; the Government of Gibraltar insisted on equal participation in talks between the two countries; Spain disapproved of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory); in 2001, the former inhabitants of the archipelago, evicted 1967 - 1973, were granted UK citizenship and the right of return, followed by Orders in Council in 2004 that banned rehabitation, a High Court ruling reversed the ban, a Court of Appeal refusal to hear the case, and a Law Lords' decision in 2008 denied the right of return; in addition, the UK created the world's largest marine protection area around the Chagos islands prohibiting the extraction of any natural resources therein; UK rejects sovereignty talks requested by Argentina, which still claims the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim; Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
Country Comparison :: Public debt
87.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
87.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
1.70
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
13.60
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-1.9% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2,925,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Großbritannien
82 163 737 000 EUR
78 876 368 000 EUR
-4.00 %
Bekleidung
Großbritannien
1 028 322 000 EUR
1 038 428 000 EUR
0.98 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Großbritannien
6 027 239 000 EUR
5 904 943 000 EUR
-2.03 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Großbritannien
6 342 508 000 EUR
5 689 709 000 EUR
-10.29 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Großbritannien
3 717 743 000 EUR
3 620 628 000 EUR
-2.61 %
Energieversorgung
Großbritannien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Großbritannien
171 704 000 EUR
127 505 000 EUR
-25.74 %
Erze
Großbritannien
1 118 000 EUR
771 000 EUR
-31.04 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Großbritannien
374 873 000 EUR
259 811 000 EUR
-30.69 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Großbritannien
19 142 000 EUR
7 166 000 EUR
-62.56 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Großbritannien
2 804 000 EUR
3 514 000 EUR
25.32 %
Getränke
Großbritannien
414 412 000 EUR
416 138 000 EUR
0.42 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Großbritannien
874 406 000 EUR
838 312 000 EUR
-4.13 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Großbritannien
2 974 036 000 EUR
2 774 939 000 EUR
-6.69 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Großbritannien
436 749 000 EUR
434 652 000 EUR
-0.48 %
Kohle
Großbritannien
3 318 000 EUR
5 671 000 EUR
70.92 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Großbritannien
341 557 000 EUR
315 639 000 EUR
-7.59 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Großbritannien
22 523 822 000 EUR
21 390 543 000 EUR
-5.03 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Großbritannien
768 150 000 EUR
708 096 000 EUR
-7.82 %
Maschinen
Großbritannien
9 637 420 000 EUR
9 163 501 000 EUR
-4.92 %
Metalle
Großbritannien
4 039 152 000 EUR
4 850 709 000 EUR
20.09 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Großbritannien
2 265 264 000 EUR
2 230 760 000 EUR
-1.52 %
Möbel
Großbritannien
671 783 000 EUR
648 142 000 EUR
-3.52 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Großbritannien
3 772 730 000 EUR
3 879 766 000 EUR
2.84 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Großbritannien
1 318 356 000 EUR
1 245 487 000 EUR
-5.53 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Großbritannien
4 143 809 000 EUR
3 806 040 000 EUR
-8.15 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Großbritannien
5 435 328 000 EUR
4 230 824 000 EUR
-22.16 %
Sonstige Waren
Großbritannien
4 232 444 000 EUR
4 676 818 000 EUR
10.50 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Großbritannien
38 295 000 EUR
31 611 000 EUR
-17.45 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Großbritannien
107 449 000 EUR
111 374 000 EUR
3.65 %
Textilien
Großbritannien
479 804 000 EUR
464 871 000 EUR
-3.11 %