Albanien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Albanien Albanien
Hauptstadt
name: Tirana (Tirane) geographic coordinates: 41 19 N, 19 49 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the name Tirana first appears in a 1418 Venetian document; the origin of the name is unclear, but may derive from Tirkan fortress, whose ruins survive on the slopes of Dajti mountain and which overlooks the city
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Albania dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system except in the northern rural areas where customary law known as the "Code of Leke" is still present
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
31.9
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
1,198,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
13.80
2017 est.
Labor force
1,198,000
Population below poverty line
14.3%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
13.8%(2017 est.)15.2%(2016 est.) note: these official rates may not include those working at near-subsistence farming
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:31.9%male:34.2%female:27.7%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:17.84%(male 287,750 /female 257,675)15-24 years:16.84%(male 267,695 /female 247,230)25-54 years:41.31%(male 604,250 /female 658,773)55-64 years:11.77%(male 176,420 /female 183,391)65 years and over:12.23%(male 174,752 /female 199,284)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
13.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.90
Languages
Albanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Romani, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
78.60
Major urban areas - population
476,000 TIRANA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:33.4 yearsmale:32 yearsfemale:34.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.8 years (2017/18 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country
Population growth rate   (%)
0.3%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.52 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.69% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.00
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,120,000,000
31 December 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,120,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.25
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$900,700,000
2017 est.
Exports
$900,700,000
Exports - partners
Italy 53.4%, Kosovo 7.7%, Spain 5.6%, Greece 4.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:28,748 sq kmland:27,398 sq kmwater:1,350 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:43.1%(2016 est.)arable land:22.6%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:3%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:17.5%(2016 est.)forest:28.12%(2016 est.)other:28.75%(2016 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north
Country Comparison :: Imports
$4,103,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$4,103,000,000
Imports - partners
Italy 28.5%, Turkey 8.1%, Germany 8%, Greece 8%, China 7.9%, Serbia 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
7,138,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
5,110,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,869,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
1,827,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
16,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
17,290
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
50,970,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
247,010
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
3,497,950
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
2,016,516
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
293,623
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
4
2016
Country Comparison :: Railways
677
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
3,945
2018
Country Comparison :: Waterways
41
2011
Airports
4
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:293,623(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:10(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
17,290
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
16,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
5,110,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,869,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
1,827,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
7,138,000,000
Internet users
total: 2,016,516 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
50.97 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:677 km(447 km of major railway lines and 230 km of secondary lines)(2015)standard gauge:677 km1.435-m gauge(2015)
Roadways   (km)
3,945
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:247,010(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:8(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
3,497,950
Waterways   (km)
41
Disputes - international
none
Country Comparison :: Public debt
71.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
71.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
15.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$36,010,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
6.80

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Albanien
259 467 000 EUR
195 404 000 EUR
-24.69 %
Bekleidung
Albanien
5 377 000 EUR
4 217 000 EUR
-21.57 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Albanien
21 918 000 EUR
25 124 000 EUR
14.63 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Albanien
18 268 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Albanien
13 812 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Albanien
2 515 000 EUR
2 686 000 EUR
6.80 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Albanien
2 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Albanien
4 253 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Albanien
3 330 000 EUR
3 944 000 EUR
18.44 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Albanien
11 060 000 EUR
9 089 000 EUR
-17.82 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Albanien
1 714 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Albanien
2 319 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Albanien
59 128 000 EUR
52 359 000 EUR
-11.45 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Albanien
10 972 000 EUR
7 553 000 EUR
-31.16 %
Maschinen
Albanien
23 493 000 EUR
25 415 000 EUR
8.18 %
Metalle
Albanien
2 843 000 EUR
1 637 000 EUR
-42.42 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Albanien
4 360 000 EUR
4 104 000 EUR
-5.87 %
Möbel
Albanien
796 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Albanien
17 237 000 EUR
18 088 000 EUR
4.94 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Albanien
4 819 000 EUR
4 261 000 EUR
-11.58 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Albanien
15 502 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Albanien
211 000 EUR
342 000 EUR
62.09 %
Sonstige Waren
Albanien
12 639 000 EUR
14 577 000 EUR
15.33 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Albanien
547 000 EUR
634 000 EUR
15.90 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Albanien
3 493 000 EUR
2 462 000 EUR
-29.52 %
Textilien
Albanien
18 859 000 EUR
18 910 000 EUR
0.27 %