Albanien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Albanien Albanien
Hauptstadt
name: Tirana (Tirane) geographic coordinates: 41 19 N, 19 49 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October etymology: the name Tirana first appears in a 1418 Venetian document; the origin of the name is unclear, but may derive from Tirkan fortress, whose ruins survive on the slopes of Dajti mountain and which overlooks the city
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Albania dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system except in the northern rural areas where customary law known as the "Code of Leke" is still present
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
31.9
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$12,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
1,198,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
13.80
2017 est.
Labor force
1,198,000
Population below poverty line
14.3%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
13.8%(2017 est.)15.2%(2016 est.) note: these official rates may not include those working at near-subsistence farming
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:31.9%male:34.2%female:27.7%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:17.84%(male 287,750 /female 257,675)15-24 years:16.84%(male 267,695 /female 247,230)25-54 years:41.31%(male 604,250 /female 658,773)55-64 years:11.77%(male 176,420 /female 183,391)65 years and over:12.23%(male 174,752 /female 199,284)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
13.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.90
Languages
Albanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Romani, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
78.60
Major urban areas - population
476,000 TIRANA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:33.4 yearsmale:32 yearsfemale:34.7 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.8 years (2017/18 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country
Population growth rate   (%)
0.3%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.52 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.69% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.00
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 16 years (2017)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,120,000,000
31 December 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,120,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.25
31 December 2017
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$900,700,000
2017 est.
Exports
$900,700,000
Exports - partners
Italy 53.4%, Kosovo 7.7%, Spain 5.6%, Greece 4.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:28,748 sq kmland:27,398 sq kmwater:1,350 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:43.1%(2016 est.)arable land:22.6%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:3%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:17.5%(2016 est.)forest:28.12%(2016 est.)other:28.75%(2016 est.)
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north
Country Comparison :: Imports
$4,103,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$4,103,000,000
Imports - partners
Italy 28.5%, Turkey 8.1%, Germany 8%, Greece 8%, China 7.9%, Serbia 4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.00
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.00
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
7,138,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
5,110,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,869,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
1,827,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
16,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
17,290
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
50,970,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
247,010
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
3,497,950
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
2,016,516
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
293,623
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
4
2016
Country Comparison :: Railways
677
2015
Country Comparison :: Roadways
3,945
2018
Country Comparison :: Waterways
41
2011
Airports
4
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:293,623(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:10(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
17,290
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
16,000 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
5,110,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,869,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
1,827,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
7,138,000,000
Internet users
total: 2,016,516 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
50.97 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:677 km(447 km of major railway lines and 230 km of secondary lines)(2015)standard gauge:677 km1.435-m gauge(2015)
Roadways   (km)
3,945
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:247,010(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:8(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
3,497,950
Waterways   (km)
41
Disputes - international
none
Country Comparison :: Public debt
71.80
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
71.80
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
3.80
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
15.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$36,010,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
6.80

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Albanien
251 084 000 EUR
259 472 000 EUR
3.34 %
Bekleidung
Albanien
3 947 000 EUR
5 377 000 EUR
36.23 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Albanien
18 638 000 EUR
21 918 000 EUR
17.60 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Albanien
13 374 000 EUR
18 268 000 EUR
36.59 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Albanien
22 558 000 EUR
13 812 000 EUR
-38.77 %
Energieversorgung
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Albanien
1 383 000 EUR
2 515 000 EUR
81.85 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Albanien
2 000 EUR
2 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Albanien
3 824 000 EUR
4 253 000 EUR
11.22 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Albanien
2 515 000 EUR
3 330 000 EUR
32.41 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Albanien
8 597 000 EUR
11 060 000 EUR
28.65 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Albanien
1 658 000 EUR
1 714 000 EUR
3.38 %
Kohle
Albanien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Albanien
2 692 000 EUR
2 319 000 EUR
-13.86 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Albanien
67 484 000 EUR
59 128 000 EUR
-12.38 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Albanien
9 688 000 EUR
10 972 000 EUR
13.25 %
Maschinen
Albanien
25 184 000 EUR
23 500 000 EUR
-6.69 %
Metalle
Albanien
2 965 000 EUR
2 843 000 EUR
-4.11 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Albanien
3 761 000 EUR
4 360 000 EUR
15.93 %
Möbel
Albanien
961 000 EUR
796 000 EUR
-17.17 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Albanien
15 429 000 EUR
17 236 000 EUR
11.71 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Albanien
4 141 000 EUR
4 819 000 EUR
16.37 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Albanien
13 081 000 EUR
15 502 000 EUR
18.51 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Albanien
333 000 EUR
211 000 EUR
-36.64 %
Sonstige Waren
Albanien
8 416 000 EUR
12 639 000 EUR
50.18 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Albanien
387 000 EUR
547 000 EUR
41.34 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Albanien
3 556 000 EUR
3 493 000 EUR
-1.77 %
Textilien
Albanien
16 510 000 EUR
18 858 000 EUR
14.22 %