Argentinien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Argentinien Argentinien
Hauptstadt
name: Buenos Aires geographic coordinates: 34 36 S, 58 22 W time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name translates as "fair winds" in Spanish and derives from the original designation of the settlement that would become the present-day city, "Santa Maria del Buen Aire" (Saint Mary of the Fair Winds)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 2 years
Government type
presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system based on West European legal systems; note - in mid-2015, Argentina adopted a new civil code, replacing the old one in force since 1871
Suffrage
18-70 years of age; universal and compulsory; 16-17 years of age - optional for national elections
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
22.6
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$20,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
18,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
8.40
2017 est.
Labor force
18,000,000
Population below poverty line
25.7%(2017 est.) note: data are based on private estimates
Unemployment rate   (%)
8.4%(2017 est.)8.5%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:22.6%male:19.9%female:26.9%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:24.44%(male 5,629,345 /female 5,293,680)15-24 years:15.2%(male 3,476,344 /female 3,317,151)25-54 years:39.46%(male 8,808,591 /female 8,826,379)55-64 years:9.12%(male 1,977,421 /female 2,096,665)65 years and over:11.79%(male 2,216,487 /female 3,052,135)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
16.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.50
Languages
Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
77.50
Major urban areas - population
14.967 million BUENOS AIRES (capital), 1.548 million Cordoba, 1.488 million Rosario, 1.133 million Mendoza, 956,000 San Miguel de Tucuman, 864,000 La Plata (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:31.9 yearsmale:30.7 yearsfemale:33.1 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
one-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.89%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.25 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.60
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 19 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$76,580,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$40,940,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$40.94 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$39.74 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$76,580,000,000
Country Comparison :: Exports
$58,450,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$58,450,000,000
Exports - partners
Brazil 16.1%, US 7.9%, China 7.5%, Chile 4.4% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:2,780,400 sq kmland:2,736,690 sq kmwater:43,710 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:53.9%(2016 est.)arable land:13.9%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:0.4%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:39.6%(2016 est.)forest:10.7%(2016 est.)other:35.4%(2016 est.)
Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
Country Comparison :: Imports
$63,970,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$63,970,000,000
Imports - partners
Brazil 26.9%, China 18.5%, US 11.3%, Germany 4.9% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
25.70
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
25.70
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
131,900,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
121,000,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
55,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
9,851,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
479,400
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
36,630
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
16,740
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
40,920,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
76,450,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
9,826,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
9,530,349
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
61,897,379
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
30,786,889
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,870,222
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
1,138
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
36,917
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
11,000
2012
Airports
1,138
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7,870,222(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:18(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
36,630
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
16,740 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
479,400 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
121,000,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
55,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
9,851,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
131,900,000,000
Internet users
total: 30,786,889 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
76,450,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
9.826 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
40.92 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:36,917 km(2014)standard gauge:2,745.1 km1.435-m gauge (41.1 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:7,523.3 km1.000-m gauge(2014)broad gauge:26,391 km1.676-m gauge (149 km electrified)(2014) 258 0.750-m gauge
Roadways   (km)
280,290
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:9,530,349(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:22(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
61,897,379
Waterways   (km)
11,000
Disputes - international
Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands in its constitution, forcibly occupying the Falklands in 1982, but in 1995 agreed to no longer seek settlement by force; UK continues to reject Argentine requests for sovereignty talks; territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims; uncontested dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; in 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay's operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001 has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur); contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of the border with Bolivia
Country Comparison :: Public debt
57.60
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
57.60
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
17.60
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-6% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$922,100,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.70

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Argentinien
2 912 742 000 EUR
2 351 238 000 EUR
-19.28 %
Bekleidung
Argentinien
992 000 EUR
748 000 EUR
-24.60 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Argentinien
297 353 000 EUR
277 092 000 EUR
-6.81 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Argentinien
163 463 000 EUR
153 459 000 EUR
-6.12 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Argentinien
174 012 000 EUR
161 707 000 EUR
-7.07 %
Energieversorgung
Argentinien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Argentinien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Argentinien
2 000 EUR
1 000 EUR
-50.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Argentinien
4 007 000 EUR
3 028 000 EUR
-24.43 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Argentinien
67 000 EUR
81 000 EUR
20.90 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Argentinien
50 000 EUR
116 000 EUR
132.00 %
Getränke
Argentinien
13 656 000 EUR
13 190 000 EUR
-3.41 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Argentinien
28 220 000 EUR
23 989 000 EUR
-14.99 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Argentinien
95 357 000 EUR
75 606 000 EUR
-20.71 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Argentinien
9 272 000 EUR
5 389 000 EUR
-41.88 %
Kohle
Argentinien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Argentinien
8 199 000 EUR
7 954 000 EUR
-2.99 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Argentinien
706 299 000 EUR
477 331 000 EUR
-32.42 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Argentinien
1 820 000 EUR
1 265 000 EUR
-30.49 %
Maschinen
Argentinien
736 749 000 EUR
548 873 000 EUR
-25.50 %
Metalle
Argentinien
54 531 000 EUR
50 239 000 EUR
-7.87 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Argentinien
92 035 000 EUR
73 335 000 EUR
-20.32 %
Möbel
Argentinien
11 548 000 EUR
9 152 000 EUR
-20.75 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Argentinien
25 769 000 EUR
26 471 000 EUR
2.72 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Argentinien
42 513 000 EUR
39 283 000 EUR
-7.60 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Argentinien
285 169 000 EUR
237 917 000 EUR
-16.57 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Argentinien
63 312 000 EUR
58 572 000 EUR
-7.49 %
Sonstige Waren
Argentinien
84 490 000 EUR
95 681 000 EUR
13.25 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Argentinien
1 825 000 EUR
1 772 000 EUR
-2.90 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Argentinien
504 000 EUR
503 000 EUR
-0.20 %
Textilien
Argentinien
11 528 000 EUR
8 484 000 EUR
-26.41 %