Armenien - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Armenien Armenien
Hauptstadt
name: Yerevan geographic coordinates: 40 10 N, 44 30 E time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: name likely derives from the ancient Urartian fortress of Erebuni established on the current site of Yerevan in 782 B.C. and whose impresive ruins still survive
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Armenia dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary democracy; note - constitutional changes adopted in December 2015 transformed the government to a parliamentary system
Rechtsordnung
civil law system
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
36.3
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$9,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
1,507,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
18.90
2017 est.
Labor force
1,507,000
Population below poverty line
32%(2013 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
18.9%(2017 est.)18.8%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:36.3%male:29.5%female:45.7%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:18.86%(male 303,712 /female 269,279)15-24 years:12.37%(male 195,722 /female 179,970)25-54 years:43.31%(male 640,089 /female 675,643)55-64 years:13.77%(male 192,515 /female 225,882)65 years and over:11.7%(male 142,835 /female 212,570)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
12.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.50
Languages
Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.) note: Russian is widely spoken
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
75.10
Major urban areas - population
1.08 million YEREVAN (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:35.6 yearsmale:33.9 yearsfemale:37.4 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.4 years (2015/16 est.)
Net migration rate
-5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
most of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the capital of Yerevan is home to more than five times as many people as Gyumri, the second largest city in the country
Population growth rate   (%)
-0.25%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.64 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
2.80
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 13 years (2015)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$4,169,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$228,000,000
2015 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$228 million(2015 est.)$215 million(2014 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$4,169,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
6.50
14 December 2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
6.50
Country Comparison :: Exports
$2,361,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$2,361,000,000
Exports - partners
Russia 24.2%, Bulgaria 12.8%, Switzerland 12%, Georgia 6.9%, Germany 5.9%, China 5.5%, Iraq 5.4%, UAE 4.6%, Netherlands 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:29,743 sq kmland:28,203 sq kmwater:1,540 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:59.7%(2016 est.)arable land:15.8%(2016 est.) / permanent crops:1.9%(2016 est.) / permanent pasture:42%(2016 est.)forest:9.1%(2016 est.)other:31.2%(2016 est.)
Location
Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both
Country Comparison :: Imports
$3,771,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$3,771,000,000
Imports - partners
Russia 28%, China 11.5%, Turkey 5.5%, Germany 4.9%, Iran 4.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.90
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.90
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
6,951,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
5,291,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
1,424,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
275,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2,350,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
505,190
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
3,488,524
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,891,775
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
315,319
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
11
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
780
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
7,700
2014
Airports
11
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:315,319(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:10(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
5,291,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
1,424,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
275,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
6,951,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,891,775 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
2.35 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:780 km(2014)broad gauge:780 km1.520-m gauge (780 km electrified)(2014) note: 726 km operational
Roadways   (km)
7,700
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:505,190(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:17(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
3,488,524
Disputes - international
the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the medieval ruins of Ani, on the other side of the Arpacay valley; in 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; ethnic Armenian groups in the Javakheti region of Georgia seek greater autonomy from the Georgian Government
Country Comparison :: Public debt
53.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
53.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
7.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
17.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-4.8% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$28,340,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
5.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Armenien
179 848 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Armenien
9 145 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Armenien
14 200 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Armenien
11 134 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Armenien
4 885 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Armenien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Armenien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Armenien
1 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Armenien
541 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Armenien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Armenien
7 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Armenien
693 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Armenien
1 152 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Armenien
4 487 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Armenien
481 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Armenien
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Armenien
970 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Armenien
28 640 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Armenien
702 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Armenien
34 386 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Armenien
960 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Armenien
2 308 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Armenien
911 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Armenien
11 787 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Armenien
4 003 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Armenien
5 180 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Armenien
23 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Armenien
25 267 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Armenien
14 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Armenien
47 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Armenien
17 924 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %