Irak - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Irak Irak
Hauptstadt
name: Baghdad geographic coordinates: 33 20 N, 44 24 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) although the origin of the name is disputed, it likely has compound Persian roots with "bagh" and "dad" meaning "god" and "given" respectively to create the meaning of "bestowed by God"
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Iraq dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Regierungstyp
federal parliamentary republic
Rechtsordnung
mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
25.6
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$16,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
8,900,000
2010 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
16.00
2012 est.
Labor force
8,900,000
Population below poverty line
23%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
16%(2012 est.)15%(2010 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:25.6%male:22%female:63.3%(2017)
Age structure
0-14 years:39.01%(male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)15-24 years:19.42%(male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)25-54 years:33.97%(male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)55-64 years:4.05%(male 788,602 /female 839,291)65 years and over:3.55%(male 632,753 /female 794,489)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
30 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
3.80
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
74.90
Major urban areas - population
6.643 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.527 million Mosul, 1.299 million Basra, 981,000 Kirkuk, 821,000 Erbil, 820,000 Najaf (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:20.2 yearsmale:20 yearsfemale:20.5 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited
Population growth rate   (%)
2.5%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
3.94 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$26,630,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$2,109,000,000
2015 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$2.109 billion(2015 est.)$1.956 billion(2014 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$26,630,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
6.00
2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
6.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$61,400,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$61,400,000,000
Exports - partners
India 21.2%, China 20.2%, US 15.8%, South Korea 9.4%, Greece 5.3%, Netherlands 4.8%, Italy 4.7% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:438,317 sq kmland:437,367 sq kmwater:950 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:18.1%(2011 est.)arable land:8.4%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:9.2%(2011 est.)forest:1.9%(2011 est.)other:80%(2011 est.)
Location
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
Country Comparison :: Imports
$39,470,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$39,470,000,000
Imports - partners
Turkey 27.8%, China 25.7%, South Korea 4.7%, Russia 4.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
0.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
0.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
75,450,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
38,460,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
11,970,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
4,454,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
3,092,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
1,274,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
1,359,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
2,918,396
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
33,335,316
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
8,098,401
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
102
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
2,272
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
59,623
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
5,279
2012
Airports
102
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
3,092,000
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
4.454 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
38,460,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
11,970,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
75,450,000,000
Internet users
total: 8,098,401 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
1.359 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
1.274 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:2,272 km(2014)standard gauge:2,272 km1.435-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
59,623
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:2,918,396(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
33,335,316
Waterways   (km)
5,279
Disputes - international
Iraq's lack of a maritime boundary with Iran prompts jurisdiction disputes beyond the mouth of the Shatt al Arab in the Persian Gulf; Turkey has expressed concern over the autonomous status of Kurds in Iraq
Country Comparison :: Public debt
59.70
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
59.70
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
-2.10
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
19.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-4.2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$649,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
0.70

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Irak
985 866 000 EUR
552 962 000 EUR
-43.91 %
Bekleidung
Irak
7 871 000 EUR
7 273 000 EUR
-7.60 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Irak
57 142 000 EUR
49 485 000 EUR
-13.40 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Irak
84 804 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Irak
146 127 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Irak
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Irak
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Irak
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Irak
5 542 000 EUR
1 143 000 EUR
-79.38 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Irak
0 EUR
4 000 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Irak
1 000 EUR
0 EUR
-100.00 %
Getränke
Irak
4 088 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Irak
5 841 000 EUR
4 388 000 EUR
-24.88 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Irak
16 865 000 EUR
16 501 000 EUR
-2.16 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Irak
4 411 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Irak
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Irak
19 053 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Irak
84 617 000 EUR
61 991 000 EUR
-26.74 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Irak
1 174 000 EUR
1 257 000 EUR
7.07 %
Maschinen
Irak
295 639 000 EUR
205 589 000 EUR
-30.46 %
Metalle
Irak
8 221 000 EUR
10 550 000 EUR
28.33 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Irak
27 898 000 EUR
17 207 000 EUR
-38.32 %
Möbel
Irak
1 511 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Irak
42 560 000 EUR
48 885 000 EUR
14.86 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Irak
5 689 000 EUR
3 691 000 EUR
-35.12 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Irak
71 978 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Irak
1 362 000 EUR
430 000 EUR
-68.43 %
Sonstige Waren
Irak
86 262 000 EUR
118 144 000 EUR
36.96 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Irak
261 000 EUR
211 000 EUR
-19.16 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Irak
3 234 000 EUR
1 563 000 EUR
-51.67 %
Textilien
Irak
3 715 000 EUR
4 650 000 EUR
25.17 %