Island - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Island Island
Hauptstadt
name: Reykjavik geographic coordinates: 64 09 N, 21 57 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the name means "smoky bay" in Icelandic and refers to the steamy, smoke-like vapors discharged by hot springs in the area
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Iceland dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 3 to 7 years
Government type
unitary parliamentary republic
Legal system
civil law system influenced by the Danish model
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
7.9
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$52,200
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
198,700
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
2.80
2017 est.
Labor force
198,700
Population below poverty line
NA note: 332,100 families (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
2.8%(2017 est.)3%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:7.9%male:8.6%female:7.1%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:20.4%(male 35,812 /female 34,249)15-24 years:13.22%(male 22,952 /female 22,444)25-54 years:39.76%(male 69,177 /female 67,401)55-64 years:11.87%(male 20,350 /female 20,426)65 years and over:14.76%(male 23,822 /female 26,885)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
13.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.50
Languages
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
83.10
Major urban areas - population
216,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:36.7 yearsmale:36.1 yearsfemale:37.3 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.4 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
Iceland is almost entirely urban with half of the population located in and around the capital of Reykjavik; smaller clusters are primarily found along the coast in the north and west
Population growth rate   (%)
1.08%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.99 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.81% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
7.70
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 20 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,666,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$11,240,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$11.24 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$17.64 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$6,666,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
5.40
31 January 2012
Central bank discount rate   (%)
5.40
Country Comparison :: Exports
$4,957,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$4,957,000,000
Exports - partners
Netherlands 25.5%, Spain 13.6%, UK 9.4%, Germany 7.6%, US 7%, France 6.3%, Norway 4.9%
Area   (sq km)
total:103,000 sq kmland:100,250 sq kmwater:2,750 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:18.7%(2011 est.)arable land:1.2%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:0%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:17.5%(2011 est.)forest:0.3%(2011 est.)other:81%(2011 est.)
Location
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom
Country Comparison :: Imports
$6,525,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$6,525,000,000
Imports - partners
Germany 10.7%, Norway 9.2%, China 7%, Netherlands 6.7%, US 6.4%, Denmark 6.2%, UK 5.7%, Sweden 4.1%
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
18,170,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
17,680,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
146,213
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
410,662
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
329,967
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
133,574
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
96
2013
Country Comparison :: Roadways
12,890
2012
Airports
96
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:133,574(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:39(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
17,680,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
18,170,000,000
Internet users
total: 329,967 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways   (km)
12,898
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:146,213(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:43(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
410,662
Disputes - international
Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; the European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority filed a suit against Iceland, claiming the country violated the Agreement on the European Economic Area in failing to pay minimum compensation to Icesave depositors
Country Comparison :: Public debt
40.00
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
40.00
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.00
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
25.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
1.5% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$18,180,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.40

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Island
716 851 000 EUR
481 090 000 EUR
-32.89 %
Bekleidung
Island
10 865 000 EUR
11 937 000 EUR
9.87 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Island
21 696 000 EUR
25 727 000 EUR
18.58 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Island
39 771 000 EUR
31 793 000 EUR
-20.06 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Island
33 774 000 EUR
33 014 000 EUR
-2.25 %
Energieversorgung
Island
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Island
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Island
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Island
3 135 000 EUR
6 356 000 EUR
102.74 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Island
3 344 000 EUR
3 525 000 EUR
5.41 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Island
115 000 EUR
54 000 EUR
-53.04 %
Getränke
Island
3 328 000 EUR
2 462 000 EUR
-26.02 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Island
11 264 000 EUR
10 146 000 EUR
-9.93 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Island
28 646 000 EUR
26 828 000 EUR
-6.35 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Island
11 317 000 EUR
11 551 000 EUR
2.07 %
Kohle
Island
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Island
15 107 000 EUR
9 844 000 EUR
-34.84 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Island
128 734 000 EUR
80 182 000 EUR
-37.71 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Island
4 264 000 EUR
3 687 000 EUR
-13.53 %
Maschinen
Island
82 401 000 EUR
80 130 000 EUR
-2.76 %
Metalle
Island
19 124 000 EUR
24 720 000 EUR
29.26 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Island
23 092 000 EUR
25 194 000 EUR
9.10 %
Möbel
Island
10 908 000 EUR
9 531 000 EUR
-12.62 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Island
32 207 000 EUR
30 580 000 EUR
-5.05 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Island
7 656 000 EUR
6 387 000 EUR
-16.58 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Island
10 830 000 EUR
13 312 000 EUR
22.92 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Island
184 659 000 EUR
4 555 000 EUR
-97.53 %
Sonstige Waren
Island
22 093 000 EUR
22 450 000 EUR
1.62 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Island
237 000 EUR
254 000 EUR
7.17 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Island
2 017 000 EUR
1 266 000 EUR
-37.23 %
Textilien
Island
6 267 000 EUR
5 605 000 EUR
-10.56 %