Nicaragua - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Nicaragua Nicaragua
Hauptstadt
name: Managua geographic coordinates: 12 08 N, 86 15 W time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: no, except in cases where bilateral agreements exist residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts
Wahlrecht
16 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.5
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$5,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
3,046,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.40
2017 est.
Labor force
3,046,000
Population below poverty line
29.6%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
6.4%(2017 est.)6.2%(2016 est.) note: underemployment was 46.5% in 2008
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:8.5%male:6.4%female:12.9%(2014 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:26.65%(male 827,585 /female 794,086)15-24 years:20.67%(male 632,847 /female 624,811)25-54 years:41.04%(male 1,186,467 /female 1,310,957)55-64 years:6.19%(male 173,674 /female 202,765)65 years and over:5.46%(male 147,324 /female 184,697)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
17.5 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
5.20
Languages
Spanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5% (2005 est.) note: English and indigenous languages found on the Caribbean coast
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
73.70
Major urban areas - population
1.048 million MANAGUA (capital) (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:26.2 yearsmale:25.3 yearsfemale:27.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.2 years (2011/12 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
the overwhelming majority of the population resides in the western half of the country, with much of the urban growth centered in the capital city of Managua; coastal areas also show large population clusters
Population growth rate   (%)
0.97%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.87 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.45% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
4.30
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
3.00
31 December 2010
Central bank discount rate   (%)
3.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$3,819,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$3,819,000,000
Exports - partners
US 44.2%, El Salvador 6.4%, Venezuela 5.5%, Costa Rica 5.5% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:130,370 sq kmland:119,990 sq kmwater:10,380 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:42.2%(2011 est.)arable land:12.5%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:2.5%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:27.2%(2011 est.)forest:25.3%(2011 est.)other:32.5%(2011 est.)
Location
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras
Country Comparison :: Imports
$6,613,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$6,613,000,000
Imports - partners
US 20.8%, China 14.3%, Mexico 11.1%, Costa Rica 7.9%, Guatemala 7%, El Salvador 5.6% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
3.90
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
3.90
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
4,454,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
3,590,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
17,870,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
205,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
16,180
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
375,856
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
8,179,876
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
1,466,152
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
210,124
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
147
2013
Country Comparison :: Roadways
23,897
2014
Country Comparison :: Waterways
2,220
2011
Airports
147
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:210,124(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:3(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
16,180 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
0 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
3,590,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
17,870,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
205,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
4,454,000,000
Internet users
total: 1,466,152 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Roadways   (km)
23,897
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:375,856(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:6(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
8,179,876
Waterways   (km)
2,220
Disputes - international
the 1992 ICJ ruling for El Salvador and Honduras advised a tripartite resolution to establish a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca, which considers Honduran access to the Pacific; Nicaragua and Costa Rica regularly file border dispute cases over the delimitations of the San Juan River and the northern tip of Calero Island to the ICJ; there is an ongoing case in the ICJ to determine Pacific and Atlantic ocean maritime borders as well as land borders; in 2009, the ICJ ruled that Costa Rican vessels carrying out police activities could not use the river, but official Costa Rican vessels providing essential services to riverside inhabitants and Costa Rican tourists could travel freely on the river; in 2011, the ICJ provisionally ruled that both countries must remove personnel from the disputed area; in 2013, the ICJ rejected Nicaragua's 2012 suit to halt Costa Rica's construction of a highway paralleling the river on the grounds of irreparable environmental damage; in 2013, the ICJ, regarding the disputed territory, ordered that Nicaragua should refrain from dredging or canal construction and refill and repair damage caused by trenches connecting the river to the Caribbean and upheld its 2010 ruling that Nicaragua must remove all personnel; in early 2014, Costa Rica brought Nicaragua to the ICJ over offshore oil concessions in the disputed region; Nicaragua filed a case against Colombia in 2013 over the delimitation of the Continental shelf beyond the 200 nautical miles from the Nicaraguan coast, as well as over the alleged violation by Colombia of Nicaraguan maritime space in the Caribbean Sea
Country Comparison :: Public debt
33.30
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
33.30
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
4.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
24.00
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-2% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$36,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.50

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Nicaragua
47 997 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Nicaragua
238 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
3 298 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Nicaragua
2 680 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Nicaragua
12 429 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Nicaragua
125 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
16 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Nicaragua
4 327 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Nicaragua
857 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Nicaragua
4 585 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Nicaragua
4 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
203 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Nicaragua
758 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Nicaragua
10 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Nicaragua
8 886 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Nicaragua
157 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
1 524 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Nicaragua
41 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Nicaragua
1 282 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Nicaragua
413 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Nicaragua
2 302 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Nicaragua
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Nicaragua
2 057 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
6 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Nicaragua
1 413 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Nicaragua
386 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %