Niederlande - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Niederlande Niederlande
Hauptstadt
name: Amsterdam; note - The Hague is the seat of government geographic coordinates: 52 21 N, 4 55 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October note: time descriptions apply to the continental Netherlands only, for the constituent countries in the Caribbean, the time difference is UTC-4
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Netherlands dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Regierungstyp
parliamentary constitutional monarchy; part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Rechtsordnung
civil law system based on the French system; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
8.9
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$53,900
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
7,969,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
4.90
2017 est.
Labor force
7,969,000
Population below poverty line
8.8%(2015 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
4.9%(2017 est.)6%(2016 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:8.9%male:9%female:8.8%(2017 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:16.28%(male 1,428,837 /female 1,362,686)15-24 years:12.03%(male 1,052,357 /female 1,011,710)25-54 years:39.18%(male 3,371,698 /female 3,348,595)55-64 years:13.41%(male 1,143,824 /female 1,155,751)65 years and over:19.1%(male 1,487,278 /female 1,788,492)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
10.9 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
9.00
Languages
Dutch (official) note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands; English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba; Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
81.50
Major urban areas - population
1.132 million AMSTERDAM (capital), 1.008 million Rotterdam (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:42.7 yearsmale:41.6 yearsfemale:43.8 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2015 est.)
Net migration rate
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
an area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country
Population growth rate   (%)
0.38%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.78 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
5.40
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 18 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$5,499,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6,579,000,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$6.579 trillion(31 December 2017 est.)$5.623 trillion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$5,499,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
0.00
31 December 2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
0.00
Country Comparison :: Exports
$555,600,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$555,600,000,000
Exports - partners
Germany 24.2%, Belgium 10.7%, UK 8.8%, France 8.8%, Italy 4.2% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:41,543 sq kmland:33,893 sq kmwater:7,650 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:55.1%(2011 est.)arable land:29.8%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:24.2%(2011 est.)forest:10.8%(2011 est.)other:34.1%(2011 est.)
Location
Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Country Comparison :: Imports
$453,800,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$453,800,000,000
Imports - partners
China 16.4%, Germany 15.3%, Belgium 8.5%, US 6.9%, UK 5.1%, Russia 4.3% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.30
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.30
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
109,300,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
108,800,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
19,340,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
24,260,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
18,170
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
7,984
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
1,094,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
45,330,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
51,250,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
51,000,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
6,551,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
20,532,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
15,385,203
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
7,210,800
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
29
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
3,058
2016
Country Comparison :: Roadways
139,124
2016
Country Comparison :: Waterways
6,237
2012
Airports
29
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:7,210,800(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:42(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
7,984
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
1.094 million bbl/day(2017 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
18,170 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
108,800,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
19,340,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
24,260,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
109,300,000,000
Internet users
total: 15,385,203 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
51,250,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
51 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
45.33 billion cu m(2017 est.) note: the Netherlands has curbed gas production due to seismic activity in the province of Groningen, largest source of gas reserves
Railways   (km)
total:3,058 km(2016)standard gauge:3,058 km1.435-m gauge (2,314 km electrified)(2016)
Roadways   (km)
139,124
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:6.551 million(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:38(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
20,532,000
Waterways   (km)
6,237
Disputes - international
none
Country Comparison :: Public debt
56.50
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
56.50
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
31.20
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
1.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$924,400,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.30

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Niederlande
91 586 333 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Niederlande
1 950 702 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
9 106 403 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Niederlande
7 842 610 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Niederlande
4 026 911 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Niederlande
536 586 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Niederlande
8 511 676 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Niederlande
725 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Niederlande
1 682 420 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Niederlande
126 509 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
24 467 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Niederlande
699 817 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Niederlande
1 434 084 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Niederlande
2 994 083 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Niederlande
585 844 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Niederlande
7 006 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Niederlande
1 753 877 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Niederlande
7 149 329 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Niederlande
783 639 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Niederlande
8 571 457 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Niederlande
3 222 440 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Niederlande
2 775 169 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Niederlande
908 005 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Niederlande
7 203 945 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Niederlande
1 743 806 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Niederlande
8 280 880 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Niederlande
1 490 522 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Niederlande
7 183 771 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Niederlande
245 301 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Niederlande
114 944 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Niederlande
629 405 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %