Peru - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Peru Peru
Hauptstadt
name: Lima geographic coordinates: 12 03 S, 77 03 W time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: yes citizenship by descent only: yes dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for naturalization: 2 years
Regierungstyp
presidential republic
Rechtsordnung
civil law system
Wahlrecht
18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70
Country Comparison :: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
14.7
est.
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$13,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
17,030,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
6.90
2017 est.
Labor force
17,030,000
Population below poverty line
22.7%(2014 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
6.9%(2017 est.)6.7%(2016 est.) note: data are for metropolitan Lima; widespread underemployment
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24   (%)
total:14.7%male:14.3%female:15%(2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:26.01%(male 4,147,404 /female 4,001,069)15-24 years:17.96%(male 2,820,562 /female 2,806,280)25-54 years:40.47%(male 6,081,748 /female 6,597,405)55-64 years:7.95%(male 1,201,272 /female 1,289,734)65 years and over:7.61%(male 1,125,850 /female 1,259,904)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
17.6 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
6.10
Languages
Spanish (official) 82.9%, Quechua (official) 13.6%, Aymara (official) 1.6%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.8%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%, none .1%, unspecified .7% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
74.20
Major urban areas - population
10.391 million LIMA (capital), 900,000 Arequipa, 838,000 Trujillo (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:28.4 yearsmale:27.6 yearsfemale:29.1 years(2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.2 years (2013 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
approximately one-third of the population resides along the desert coastal belt in the west, with a strong focus on the capital city of Lima; the Andean highlands, or sierra, which is strongly identified with the country's Amerindian population, contains roughly half of the overall population; the eastern slopes of the Andes, and adjoining rainforest, are sparsely populated
Population growth rate   (%)
0.94%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
2.1 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 1.44% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures   (% of GDP)
3.90
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
female: 15 years (2016)
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$98,240,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5,447,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$5.447 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$4.255 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$98,240,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
4.25
31 December 2016 est.
Central bank discount rate   (%)
4.25
Country Comparison :: Exports
$44,920,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$44,920,000,000
Exports - partners
China 26.5%, US 15.2%, Switzerland 5.2%, South Korea 4.4%, Spain 4.1%, India 4.1% (2017)
Area   (sq km)
total:1,285,216 sq kmland:1,279,996 sq kmwater:5,220 sq km
Land use
agricultural land:18.8%(2011 est.)arable land:3.1%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:1.1%(2011 est.) / permanent pasture:14.6%(2011 est.)forest:53%(2011 est.)other:28.2%(2011 est.)
Location
Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Country Comparison :: Imports
$38,650,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$38,650,000,000
Imports - partners
China 22.3%, US 20.1%, Brazil 6%, Mexico 4.4% (2017)
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.80
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
2.80
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
50,130,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
44,610,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
55,000,000
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
22,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
43,520
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
7,995
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
86,060
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
12,990,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
5,505,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
3,082,036
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
38,915,386
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
13,975,422
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
2,310,217
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
191
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,854
2014
Country Comparison :: Roadways
140,672
2012
Country Comparison :: Waterways
8,808
2011
Airports
191
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:2,310,217(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:7(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
7,995
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
86,060 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
43,520 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
44,610,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
55,000,000
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
22,000,000
Electricity - production   (kWh)
50,130,000,000
Internet users
total: 13,975,422 (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
5,505,000,000
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
0 cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
12.99 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:1,854 km(2014)standard gauge:1,730.4 km1.435-m gauge (34 km electrified)(2014)narrow gauge:124 km0.914-m gauge(2014)
Roadways   (km)
140,672
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:3,082,036(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:10(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
38,915,386
Waterways   (km)
8,808
Disputes - international
Chile and Ecuador rejected Peru's November 2005 unilateral legislation to shift the axis of their joint treaty-defined maritime boundaries along the parallels of latitude to equidistance lines which favor Peru; organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia have penetrated Peru's shared border; Peru rejects Bolivia's claim to restore maritime access through a sovereign corridor through Chile along the Peruvian border
Country Comparison :: Public debt
25.40
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
25.40
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.50
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
19.80
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-3.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$430,300,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
2.70

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Peru
931 075 000 EUR
0 EUR

Bekleidung
Peru
2 507 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Peru
118 056 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Peru
75 302 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Peru
74 666 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Energieversorgung
Peru
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Peru
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Peru
17 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Peru
2 436 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Peru
12 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Peru
76 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Getränke
Peru
2 453 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Peru
11 683 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Peru
35 005 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Peru
5 937 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kohle
Peru
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Peru
4 848 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Peru
115 082 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Peru
1 226 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Maschinen
Peru
238 148 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metalle
Peru
20 711 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Peru
35 661 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Möbel
Peru
3 330 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Peru
20 940 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Peru
15 786 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Peru
68 940 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Peru
17 112 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Sonstige Waren
Peru
56 090 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Peru
816 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Peru
45 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Textilien
Peru
4 190 000 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %