Taiwan - Daten & Fakten

Daten & Fakten
Flagge: Taiwan Taiwan
Hauptstadt
name: Taipei geographic coordinates: 25 02 N, 121 31 E time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Staatsbürgerschaft
citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Taiwan dual citizenship recognized: yes, except that citizens of Taiwan are not recognized as dual citizens of the People's Republic of China residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Government type
semi-presidential republic
Legal system
civil law system
Suffrage
20 years of age; universal; note - in mid-2016, the Legislative Yuan drafted a constitutional amendment to reduce the voting age to 18, but it has not passed as of December 2017
Country Comparison :: GDP - per capita (PPP)
$50,500
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Labor force
11,780,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Unemployment rate
3.80
2017 est.
Labor force
11,780,000
Population below poverty line
1.5%(2012 est.)
Unemployment rate   (%)
3.8%(2017 est.)3.9%(2016 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years:12.68%(male 1,535,365 /female 1,449,336)15-24 years:12.52%(male 1,509,023 /female 1,438,278)25-54 years:46.08%(male 5,412,487 /female 5,437,015)55-64 years:14.36%(male 1,652,683 /female 1,729,571)65 years and over:14.36%(male 1,541,716 /female 1,840,489)(2018 est.)
Birth rate   (births/1,000 population)
8.2 births/1,000 population(2018 est.)
Death rate   (deaths/1,000 population)
7.60
Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Life expectancy at birth   (years)
80.40
Major urban areas - population
4.325 million New Taipei City, 2.706 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.19 million Taiyuan, 1.532 million Kaohsiung, 1.283 million Taichung, 836,000 Tainan (2018)
Median age   (years)
total:41.3 yearsmale:40.5 yearsfemale:42 years(2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Population distribution
distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts
Population growth rate   (%)
0.15%(2018 est.)
Total fertility rate   (children born/woman)
1.13 children born/woman(2018 est.)
Urbanization
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$78,300,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$332,400,000,000
31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad
$332.4 billion(31 December 2017 est.)$354 billion(31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home
$78,300,000,000
Country Comparison :: Central bank discount rate
1.38
31 December 2016
Central bank discount rate   (%)
1.38
Country Comparison :: Exports
$349,800,000,000
2017 est.
Exports
$349,800,000,000
Area   (sq km)
total:35,980 sq kmland:32,260 sq kmwater:3,720 sq km note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands
Land use
agricultural land:22.7%(2011 est.)arable land:16.9%(2011 est.) / permanent crops:5.8%(2011 est.)other:77.3%(2011 est.)
Location
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
Country Comparison :: Imports
$269,000,000,000
2017 est.
Imports
$269,000,000,000
Country Comparison :: Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.10
2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices)   (%)
1.10
Country Comparison :: Electricity - production
246,100,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - consumption
237,400,000,000
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - exports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Electricity - imports
2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - production
196
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - exports
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Crude oil - imports
846,400
2015 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - production
237,900,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - exports
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Natural gas - imports
22,140,000,000
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - fixed lines
13,565,064
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellular
28,777,408
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Internet users
20,601,000
July 2016 est.
Country Comparison :: Broadband - fixed subscriptions
5,713,568
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Airports
37
2013
Country Comparison :: Railways
1,613
2018
Country Comparison :: Roadways
43,365
2016
Airports
37
Broadband - fixed subscriptions
total:5,713,568(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:24(2017 est.)
Crude oil - exports   (bbl/day)
0
Crude oil - imports   (bbl/day)
846,400 bbl/day(2015 est.)
Crude oil - production   (bbl/day)
196 bbl/day(2017 est.)
Electricity - consumption   (kWh)
237,400,000,000
Electricity - exports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - imports   (kWh)
0
Electricity - production   (kWh)
246,100,000,000
Internet users
total: 20.601 million (July 2016 est.)
Natural gas - exports   (cu m)
0
Natural gas - imports   (cu m)
22.14 billion cu m(2017 est.)
Natural gas - production   (cu m)
237.9 million cu m(2017 est.)
Railways   (km)
total:1,613 km(2018)standard gauge:345 km1.435-m gauge (345 km electrified)(2018)narrow gauge:1,118.1 km1.067-m gauge (793.9 km electrified)(2018) 150 0.762-m gauge note: the 0.762-gauge track belongs to three entities: the Forestry Bureau, Taiwan Cement, and TaiPower
Roadways   (km)
43,206
Telephones - fixed lines
total subscriptions:13,565,064(2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants:58(2017 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellular
28,777,408
Disputes - international
involved in complex dispute with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam over the Spratly Islands, and with China and the Philippines over Scarborough Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" has eased tensions but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; Paracel Islands are occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam; in 2003, China and Taiwan became more vocal in rejecting both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea where all parties engage in hydrocarbon prospecting
Country Comparison :: Public debt
35.70
2017 est.
Public debt   (% of GDP)
35.70
Country Comparison :: GDP - real growth rate
2.90
2017 est.
Country Comparison :: Gross national saving
34.90
2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)   (% (of GDP))
-0.1% (of GDP)(2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$1,189,000,000,000
Industrial production growth rate   (%)
3.90

Länderstatistik

Branche
Land
Unterschied in %
gesamt
Taiwan
7 891 536 000 EUR
7 798 741 000 EUR
-1.18 %
Bekleidung
Taiwan
12 526 000 EUR
11 016 000 EUR
-12.05 %
Chemische Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
1 237 792 000 EUR
1 108 971 000 EUR
-10.41 %
Datenverarbeitungsgeräte, elektr. u. opt. Erzeugn.
Taiwan
2 026 528 000 EUR
1 810 579 000 EUR
-10.66 %
Elektrische Ausrüstungen
Taiwan
506 742 000 EUR
458 621 000 EUR
-9.50 %
Energieversorgung
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erdöl und Erdgas
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Erze
Taiwan
188 000 EUR
237 000 EUR
26.06 %
Erzeugnisse der Landwirtschaft und Jagd
Taiwan
41 340 000 EUR
5 305 000 EUR
-87.17 %
Fische und Fischereierzeugnisse
Taiwan
164 000 EUR
146 000 EUR
-10.98 %
Forstwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
289 000 EUR
374 000 EUR
29.41 %
Getränke
Taiwan
14 122 000 EUR
13 244 000 EUR
-6.22 %
Glas und -waren, Keramik, Steine und Erden
Taiwan
76 808 000 EUR
74 864 000 EUR
-2.53 %
Gummi- und Kunststoffwaren
Taiwan
97 981 000 EUR
96 066 000 EUR
-1.95 %
Holz und Holz- Kork- Korb- Flechtwaren ohne Möbel
Taiwan
25 137 000 EUR
34 258 000 EUR
36.29 %
Kohle
Taiwan
0 EUR
0 EUR
0.00 %
Kokereierzeugnisse und Mineralölerzeugnisse
Taiwan
17 380 000 EUR
18 837 000 EUR
8.38 %
Kraftwagen und Kraftwagenteile
Taiwan
1 589 657 000 EUR
1 408 544 000 EUR
-11.39 %
Leder und Lederwaren
Taiwan
24 698 000 EUR
23 493 000 EUR
-4.88 %
Maschinen
Taiwan
1 101 356 000 EUR
1 299 551 000 EUR
18.00 %
Metalle
Taiwan
185 571 000 EUR
176 703 000 EUR
-4.78 %
Metallerzeugnisse
Taiwan
82 122 000 EUR
151 454 000 EUR
84.43 %
Möbel
Taiwan
25 015 000 EUR
21 403 000 EUR
-14.44 %
Nahrungsmittel und Futtermittel
Taiwan
78 205 000 EUR
77 446 000 EUR
-0.97 %
Papier, Pappe und Waren daraus
Taiwan
33 162 000 EUR
37 730 000 EUR
13.77 %
Pharmazeutische und ähnliche Erzeugnisse
Taiwan
433 740 000 EUR
492 318 000 EUR
13.51 %
Sonstige Fahrzeuge
Taiwan
37 818 000 EUR
182 427 000 EUR
382.38 %
Sonstige Waren
Taiwan
194 900 000 EUR
219 430 000 EUR
12.59 %
Steine und Erden, sonstige Bergbauerzeugnisse
Taiwan
3 384 000 EUR
3 180 000 EUR
-6.03 %
Tabakerzeugnisse
Taiwan
29 958 000 EUR
58 641 000 EUR
95.74 %
Textilien
Taiwan
14 953 000 EUR
13 903 000 EUR
-7.02 %